Table of Contents — August 01, 2014, 345 (6196) | Science

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On this week's show: Novae as a source of gamma rays and a roundup of stories from our daily news site. Summary

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PRODUCTS & MATERIALS

New Products SCIENCE

01 AUG 2014 : 583

A weekly roundup of information on newly offered instrumentation, apparatus, and laboratory materials of potential interest to researchers. Summary

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IN BRIEF

This week's section SCIENCE

01 AUG 2014 : 492-494

A roundup of weekly science policy and related news. Summary

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COVER Colorized scanning electron micrograph of a dog roundworm (Toxocara canis). Intestinal parasites infect more than 1 billion people worldwide and cause serious morbidity, particularly in the developing world. In mice, intestinal parasites also dampen their host's immunity to viruses, causing latent viruses to reactivate and impeding antiviral defenses. See pages 517, 573, and 578. Image: © Eye of Science/Science Source

IN DEPTH

Cure setbacks force HIV researchers to reset sights BY JON COHEN SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 495-496

Remission is seen as a more realistic goal. Summary

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Warming may not swamp islands BY CHRISTOPHER PALA SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 496-497

Studies suggest that atoll islands will rise in step with a rising sea. Summary

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Key narcolepsy–influenza vaccine findings retracted BY EMILY UNDERWOOD SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 498

Stanford researchers unable to replicate findings linking immune response to sleep disorder. Summary

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Money woes cripple Venezuela's health system BY LIZZIE WADE SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 499

Lacking vital medical supplies, doctors struggle to treat resurgent diseases. Summary

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Decision looms on future of E.U. science advice BY KAI KUPFERSCHMIDT SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 500

Green groups criticize current adviser—and her office. Summary

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Deadly quakes divide experts BY EDWIN CARTLIDGE SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 501

New industry-sponsored study rules out any link between Italian earthquakes and oil production. Summary

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FEATURE

Comet catcher BY ERIC HAND SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 502-505

Europe's Rosetta spacecraft is about to orbit and then land on one of the solar system's most mysterious objects. Summary

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Touch and go BY ERIC HAND SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 504-505

The most daring moment of the Rosetta mission will come when mission leaders plan to drop the Philae lander to the surface of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. Summary

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Central command BY MITCH LESLIE SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 506-507

More capable than once thought, the cellular structure known as the nucleolus may be a target for treating diseases. Summary

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WORKING LIFE

The stressed-out postdoc BY CARRIE ARNOLD SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 594 Full Text

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LETTERS

China's robotics successes abound BY YANG GAO, JINGUO LIU SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 523 Full Text

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Semantic priming well established BY DAVID E. MEYER SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 523 Full Text

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Eyeing visual pathways in dyslexia BY T. R. VIDYASAGAR SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 524 Full Text

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Eyeing visual pathways in dyslexia—Response BY B. BOETS SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 524 Full Text

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BOOKS ET AL.

Rebels or profiteers? BY STEFANO GOLINELLI, LUC HENRY SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 521 Full Text

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Links in our past BY BRIAN C. KEEGAN SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 522 Full Text

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Books Received SCIENCE

01 AUG 2014 : 522

A listing of books received at Science during the week ending 25 July 2014. Summary

POLICY FORUM

Global manufacturing and the future of technology BY ERICA R. H. FUCHS SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 519-520

Where you manufacture changes what you get Summary

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PERSPECTIVES

How birds became birds BY MICHAEL J. BENTON SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 508-509

Sustained size reduction was essential for the origin of birds and avian flight [Also see Report by Lee et al.] Summary

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A gem of a quantum teleporter BY METE ATATÜRE, JOHN J. L. MORTON SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 510-511

Diamond-based quantum teleportation works every time [Also see Research Article by Pfaff et al.] Summary

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An epigenetic window into the past? BY LUDOVIC ORLANDO, ESKE WILLERSLEV SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 511-512

DNA damage in ancient genomes may provide insight into past regulatory changes in humans and other species Summary

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More pain; less gain BY HOWARD L. FIELDS SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 513-514

Persistent pain changes a neural circuit and reduces willingness to work for food [Also see Research Article by Schwartz et al.] Summary

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The beat of young stars BY STEVEN STAHLER, FRANCESCO PALLA SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 514-515

Pulsations from young stars provide a new chronometer for stellar evolution [Also see Report by Zwintz et al.] Summary

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In Turing's hands—the making of digits BY AIMÉE ZUNIGA, ROLF ZELLER SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 516-517

A Turing network controls the periodic pattern of fingers and toes during development [Also see Report by Raspopovic et al.] Summary

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How helminths go viral BY RICK M MAIZELS, WILLIAM C GAUSE SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 517-518

Cellular signals during helminth infections can skew the immune response to favor viral spreading [Also see Reports by Reese et al. and Osborne et al.] Summary

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RESEARCH ARTICLES

Extensive transduction of nonrepetitive DNA mediated by L1 retrotransposition in cancer genomes BY JOSE M. C. TUBIO, YILONG LI, YOUNG SEOK JU, INIGO MARTINCORENA, SUSANNA L. COOKE, MARTA TOJO, GUNES GUNDEM, CHRISTODOULOS P. PIPINIKAS, JORGE ZAMORA, KEIRAN RAINE, ANDREW MENZIES, PABLO ROMAN-GARCIA, ANTHONY FULLAM, MORITZ GERSTUNG, ADAM SHLIEN, PATRICK S. TARPEY, ELLI PAPAEMMANUIL, STIAN KNAPPSKOG, PETER VAN LOO, MANASA RAMAKRISHNA, HELEN R. DAVIES, JOHN MARSHALL, DAVID C. WEDGE, JON W. TEAGUE, ADAM P. BUTLER, SERENA NIK-ZAINAL, LUDMIL ALEXANDROV, SAM BEHJATI, LUCY R. YATES, NICCOLO BOLLI, LAURA MUDIE, CLAIRE HARDY, SANCHA MARTIN, STUART MCLAREN, SARAH O’MEARA, ELIZABETH ANDERSON, MARK MADDISON, STEPHEN GAMBLE, ICGC BREAST CANCER GROUP, ICGC BONE CANCER GROUP, ICGC PROSTATE CANCER GROUP, CHRISTOPHER FOSTER, ANNE Y. WARREN, HAYLEY WHITAKER, DANIEL BREWER, ROSALIND EELES, COLIN COOPER, DAVID NEAL, ANDY G. LYNCH, TAPIO VISAKORPI, WILLIAM B. ISAACS, LAURA VAN'T VEER, CARLOS CALDAS, CHRISTINE DESMEDT, CHRISTOS SOTIRIOU, SAM APARICIO, JOHN A. FOEKENS, JÓRUNN ERLA EYFJÖRD, SUNIL R. LAKHANI, GILLES THOMAS, OLA MYKLEBOST, PAUL N. SPAN, ANNE-LISE BØRRESEN-DALE, ANDREA L. RICHARDSON, MARC VAN DE VIJVER, ANNE VINCENT-SALOMON, GERT G. VAN DEN EYNDEN, ADRIENNE M. FLANAGAN, P. ANDREW FUTREAL, SAM M. JANES, G. STEVEN BOVA, MICHAEL R. STRATTON, ULTAN MCDERMOTT, PETER J. CAMPBELL SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014

Tumor genomes are peppered with mobile repeat sequences that carry along adjacent DNA when they insert into new genomic sites. Editor's Summary

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Unconditional quantum teleportation between distant solid-state quantum bits BY W. PFAFF, B. J. HENSEN, H. BERNIEN, S. B. VAN DAM, M. S. BLOK, T. H. TAMINIAU, M. J. TIGGELMAN, R. N. SCHOUTEN, M. MARKHAM, D. J. TWITCHEN, R. HANSON SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 532-535

A quantum state can now be teleported unconditionally between diamond defects 3 meters apart. [Also see Perspective by Atatüre and Morton] Editor's Summary

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Decreased motivation during chronic pain requires long-term depression in the nucleus accumbens BY NEIL SCHWARTZ, PAUL TEMKIN, SANDRA JURADO, BYUNG KOOK LIM, BORIS D. HEIFETS, JAI S. POLEPALLI, ROBERT C. MALENKA SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 535-542

The effort mice are willing to put into obtaining a reward is decreased in inflammatory and neuropathic models of pain. [Also see Perspective by Fields] Editor's Summary

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REVIEW

Fast-spiking, parvalbumin+ GABAergic interneurons: From cellular design to microcircuit function BY HUA HU, JIAN GAN, PETER JONAS SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 Editor's Summary

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REPORTS

Interface engineering of highly efficient perovskite solar cells BY HUANPING ZHOU, QI CHEN, GANG LI, SONG LUO, TZE-BING SONG, HSIN-SHENG DUAN, ZIRUO HONG, JINGBI YOU, YONGSHENG LIU, YANG YANG SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 542-546

Optimizing the growth conditions of the perovskite layer and interlayer carrier transport boosts solar cell efficiency. Editor's Summary

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Highly active copper-ceria and copper-ceria-titania catalysts for methanol synthesis from CO2 BY JESÚS GRACIANI, KUMUDU MUDIYANSELAGE, FANG XU, ASHLEIGH E. BABER, JAIME EVANS, SANJAYA D. SENANAYAKE, DARÍO J. STACCHIOLA, PING LIU, JAN HRBEK, JAVIER FERNÁNDEZ SANZ, JOSÉ A. RODRIGUEZ SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 546-550

Synergy at a metal-oxide interface generates highly active catalysts for carbon dioxide hydrogenation to methanol. Editor's Summary

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Echography of young stars reveals their evolution BY K. ZWINTZ, L. FOSSATI, T. RYABCHIKOVA, D. GUENTHER, C. AERTS, T. G. BARNES, N. THEMESSL, D. LORENZ, C. CAMERON, R. KUSCHNIG, S. POLLACK-DRS, E. MORAVVEJI, A. BAGLIN, J. M. MATTHEWS, A. F. J. MOFFAT, E. PORETTI, M. RAINER, S. M. RUCINSKI, D. SASSELOV, W. W. WEISS SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 550-553

Pulsation measurements of stars not yet undergoing nuclear burning confirm a predicted correlation with evolutionary status. [Also see Perspective by Stahler and Palla] Editor's Summary

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Fermi establishes classical novae as a distinct class of gamma-ray sources BY THE FERMI-LAT COLLABORATION SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 554-558

Three classical novae exhibit unexpected high-energy particle acceleration and may represent the norm for that object class. Editor's Summary

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A network framework of cultural history BY MAXIMILIAN SCHICH, CHAOMING SONG, YONG-YEOL AHN, ALEXANDER MIRSKY, MAURO MARTINO, ALBERT-LÁSZLÓ BARABÁSI, DIRK HELBING SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 558-562

Birth and death records of notable individuals reveal a picture of Western cultural history over two millennia. Editor's Summary

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Sustained miniaturization and anatomical innovation in the dinosaurian ancestors of birds BY MICHAEL S. Y. LEE, ANDREA CAU, DARREN NAISH, GARETH J. DYKE SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 562-566

Birds evolved from their dinosaurian ancestors through a period characterized by sustained and repeated decreases in size. [Also see Perspective by Benton] Editor's Summary

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Digit patterning is controlled by a Bmp-Sox9-Wnt Turing network modulated by morphogen gradients BY J. RASPOPOVIC, L. MARCON, L. RUSSO, J. SHARPE SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 566-570

Modeling and experiments reveal how limb digits are patterned by three components. [Also see Perspective by Zuniga and Zeller] Editor's Summary

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Proliferation of cells with HIV integrated into cancer genes contributes to persistent infection BY THOR A. WAGNER, SHERRY MCLAUGHLIN, KAVITA GARG, CHARLES Y. K. CHEUNG, BRENDAN B. LARSEN, SHEILA STYRCHAK, HANNAH C. HUANG, PAUL T. EDLEFSEN, JAMES I. MULLINS, LISA M. FRENKEL SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 570-573

The site of HIV integration may drive cell proliferation and influence the size of the viral reservoir. Editor's Summary

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Helminth infection reactivates latent -herpesvirus via cytokine competition at a viral promoter BY T. A. REESE, B. S. WAKEMAN, H. S. CHOI, M. M. HUFFORD, S. C. HUANG, X. ZHANG, M. D. BUCK, A. JEZEWSKI, A. KAMBAL, C. Y. LIU, G. GOEL, P. J. MURRAY, R. J. XAVIER, M. H. KAPLAN, R. RENNE, S. H. SPECK, M. N. ARTYOMOV, E. J. PEARCE, H. W. VIRGIN SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 573-577

Coinfection with intestinal parasites leads to altered antiviral immunity in mice. Editor's Summary

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Virus-helminth coinfection reveals a microbiota-independent mechanism of immunomodulation BY LISA C. OSBORNE, LAUREL A. MONTICELLI, TIMOTHY J. NICE, TARA E. SUTHERLAND, MARK C. SIRACUSA, MATTHEW R. HEPWORTH, VESSELIN T. TOMOV, DMYTRO KOBULEY, SARA V. TRAN, KYLE BITTINGER, AUBREY G. BAILEY, ALICE L. LAUGHLIN, JEAN-LUC BOUCHER, E. JOHN WHERRY, FREDERIC D. BUSHMAN, JUDITH E. ALLEN, HERBERT W. VIRGIN, DAVID ARTIS SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 578-582

Coinfection with intestinal parasites leads to altered antiviral immunity in mice. [Also see Perspective by Maizels and Gause] Editor's Summary

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TECHNICAL COMMENTS

Comment on “Mechanism of eukaryotic RNA polymerase III transcription termination” BY ANEESHKUMAR G. ARIMBASSERI, GEORGE A. KASSAVETIS, RICHARD J. MARAIA SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 524 Abstract

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Response to Comment on “Mechanism of eukaryotic RNA polymerase III transcription termination” BY SOREN NIELSEN, NIKOLAY ZENKIN SCIENCE 01 AUG 2014 : 524 Abstract

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15 December 2017

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Table of Contents — August 01, 2014, 345 (6196) | Science

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