Raypak Hi Delta Hot Water Boiler- 9 HP - Genemco

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Raypak Hi Delta Hot Water Boiler- 9 HP Mfg: Raypak Stock No. SPPP289B.6

Model: H3-302A Serial No. 9904158613

Raypak Hi Delta Hot Water Boiler- 9 HP. Model: H3-302A. S/N: 9904158613. Low pressure boiler. Capacity: 51 gpm. MAWP (water): 160 psi. Input: 300,00 Btu/hr. Output: 252,000 Btu/hr. Minimum relief valve capacity: 400 lbs/hr. Heating surface area: 40 sq. ft. Maximum water temperature: 250 °F. Ideal for hydronic heating in commercial and industrial environments. Efficiency up to 84% which provides the exact gas, air and heat transfer. Low NOx emissions. Features finned copper tube heat exchanger and multi-port stainless steel burners. Indoor or outdoor use. Inlets: (1) 2 in. dia. NPT (male). Outlets: (1) 3/4 in. dia. copper pipe (pressure relief), (1) 2 in. dia. NPT (male), (1) 5 in. dia. duct (combustion air). Overall dimensions: 48 in. L x 26-1/2 in. W x 39 in. H.

CATALOG NO. Effective: Replaces:

1000.501A 4-1-05 3-15-05

INSTALLATION AND OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

Models 302A-902A Types H, WH, & P FOR YOUR SAFETY Do not store or use gasoline or other flammable vapors and liquids or other combustible materials in the vicinity of this or any other appliance. To do so may result in an explosion or fire. WARNING Improper installation, adjustment, alteration, service or maintenance can cause property damage, personal injury, exposure to hazardous materials* or loss of life. Review the information in this manual carefully. Installation and service must be performed by a qualified installer, service agency or the gas supplier. * This unit contains materials that have been identified as carcinogenic, or possibly carcinogenic, to humans. WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS • Do not try to light any appliance. • Do not touch any electrical switch; do not use any phone in your building. • Immediately call your gas supplier from a neighbor’s phone. Follow the gas supplier’s instructions. • If you cannot reach your gas supplier, call the fire department. This manual should be maintained in legible condition and kept adjacent to the heater or in a safe place for future reference.

P/N 240757

Table of Contents

WARNINGS................................................................4

SECTION D Start-up..............................................45

SECTION A Before Installation ..............................5

Pre Start-up............................................................45

Product Receipt .......................................................5

Start-Up .................................................................46

Model Identification ................................................5

SECTION E Operation...........................................49

Ratings and Certifications........................................6

Lighting Instructions .............................................49

Component Locations..............................................6

To Turn Off Gas To Appliance .............................49

General Information ................................................7

SECTION F Troubleshooting ................................51

SECTION B General Safety .....................................9

SECTION G Maintenance......................................53

Time/Temperature Relationships in Scalds ...........10

Suggested Minimum Maintenance Schedule.........53

SECTION C Installation.........................................11

Preventive Maintenance Schedule.........................54

Installation Codes ..................................................11

SECTION H Appendix ...........................................55

Equipment Base.....................................................11

Inside Air Contamination ......................................55

Stacking .................................................................11

WARRANTIES ........................................................56

Clearances..............................................................12

Types H (Boilers) and WH (Water Heaters) .........56

Combustion and Ventilation Air............................13

Type P (Pool Heaters) ...........................................57

Water Piping..........................................................15 Gas Supply.............................................................22 Electrical Power Connections................................23 Venting ..................................................................26 Controls .................................................................33 87%-Efficiency Boilers – Special Instructions .....39 Wiring Diagram.....................................................44

3

WARNINGS PAY ATTENTION TO THESE TERMS: DANGER:

Indicates the presence of immediate hazards which will cause severe personal injury, death or substantial property damage if ignored.

WARNING:

Indicates the presence of hazards or unsafe practices which could cause severe personal injury, death or substantial property damage if ignored.

CAUTION:

Indicates the presence of hazards or unsafe practices which could cause minor personal injury or product or property damage if ignored.

NOTICE:

Indicates special instructions on installation, operation, or maintenance which are important but not related to personal injury hazards. WARNING: Risk of electrical shock. More than one disconnect switch may be required to de-energize the equipment before servicing. WARNING - CALIFORNIA PROPOSITION 65: This product contains chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm.

DANGER: Make sure the gas on which the heater will operate is the same type as that specified on the heater rating plate. WARNING: Should overheating occur or the gas supply valve fail to shut, do not turn off or disconnect the electrical supply to the heater. Instead, shut off the gas supply at a location external to the appliance.

CAUTION: Operation of this heater in lowtemperature systems requires special piping. Harmful internal condensation will occur if the inlet water temperature does not exceed 105°F. Warranty claims will be denied when condensation occurs.

WARNING: Do not use this heater if any part has been under water. Immediately call a qualified service technician to inspect the heater and to replace any part of the control system and any gas control which has been under water.

CAUTION: If this heater is to be installed above radiation level, it must be provided with a low water cut-off device at the time of heater installation.

WARNING: To minimize the possibility of improper operation, serious personal injury, fire, or damage to the heater: • Always keep the area around the heater free of combustible materials, gasoline, and other flammable liquids and vapors. • Heater should never be covered or have any blockage to the flow of fresh air to the heater.

CAUTION: This heater requires forced water circulation when the burner is operating. See minimum and maximum flow rates. Severe damage will occur if the heater is operated without proper water flow circulation. CAUTION: If this heater is to be installed in a negative or positive pressure equipment room, there are special installation requirements. Consult factory for details.

4

SECTION A Before Installation

Raypak strongly recommends that this manual be reviewed thoroughly before installing your Hi Delta heater. Please review the General Safety information in Section B before installing the heater. Factory warranty does not apply to heaters that have been improperly installed or operated. (Refer to the warranty at the back of this manual.) Installation and service must be performed by a qualified installer, service agency or gas supplier. If, after reviewing this manual, you still have questions which this manual does not answer, please contact the manufacturer or your local Raypak representative.

When ordering parts, you must specify the model and serial number of the heater. When ordering under warranty conditions, you must also specify the date of installation. Purchased parts are subject to replacement only under the manufacturer’s warranty. Debits for defective replacement parts will not be accepted and will be replaced in kind only per Raypak’s standard warranties.

Model Identification The model identification number and heater serial number are found on the heater rating plate located on the lower right outside jacket of the heater. The model number will have the form H3 0502A or similar depending on the heater size and configuration. The letter(s) in the first group of characters identifies the application (H = Hydronic Heating, WH = Domestic Hot Water (DHW), P = Pool). The number which follows identifies the firing mode (1 or 4 = on-off, 3 = 2stage). The second group of characters identifies the size of the heater (four numbers representing the approximate MBTUH input), and, where applicable, a letter, indicating the manufacturing series. An “E” suffix indicates 87% efficiency (Category II or IV venting) (“H” stamped boilers only).

Thank you for purchasing a Raypak product. We hope you will be satisfied with the high quality and durability of our equipment.

Product Receipt On receipt of your heater it is suggested that you visually check for external damage to the shipping crate. If the crate is damaged, make a note to that effect on the Bill of Lading when signing for the shipment. Remove the heater from the shipping packaging. Report any damage to the carrier immediately. On occasion, items are shipped loose. Be sure that you receive the correct number of packages as indicated on the Bill of Lading. Claims for shortages and damages must be filed with the carrier by consignee. Permission to return goods must be received from the factory prior to shipping. Goods returned to the factory without an authorized Returned Goods Receipt number will not be accepted. All returned goods are subject to a restocking charge.

5

SECTION A: Before Installation

Ratings and Certifications

Component Locations

Standards: • • • •

ANSI Z21.13 · CSA 4.9 - latest edition, Gas-Fired Hot Water Boilers CAN 3.1 - latest edition, Industrial and Commercial Gas-Fired Package Boilers ANSI Z21.56 · CSA 4.7 - latest edition Gas-Fired Pool Heaters ANSI Z21.10.3 · CSA 4.3 - latest edition Gas Water Heaters

All Raypak heaters are National Board Approved, and design-certified and tested by the Canadian Standards Association (CSA) for the U.S. and Canada. Each heater is constructed in accordance with Section IV of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Heater Pressure Vessel Code and bears the ASME stamp. The heater also complies with the latest edition of ASHRAE 90.1 Standard.

Fig. 1: Component Locations – Back

WARNING: Altering any Raypak pressure vessel by installing replacement heat exchangers, tube bundle headers, or any ASME parts not manufactured and/or approved by Raypak will instantly void the ASME and CSA ratings of the vessel and any Raypak warranty on the vessel. Altering the ASME or CSA ratings of the vessel also violates national, state, and local approval codes.

Fig. 2: Component Locations – Left Side

Rated inputs are suitable for up to 5,000 ft elevation without de-rating. Consult the factory for installations at altitudes over 5,000 ft above sea level.

Panels removed for clarity

Fig. 3: Component Locations – Front

6

SECTION A: Before Installation

General Information Quantity of Vent Size (in.) Model No. Burners Gas Valves Blowers Flue Intake 302A

6

1

1

5

6

402A

8

1

1

6

6

502A

10

2

1

6

6

652A

13

2

1

8

6

752A

15

2

1

8

6

902A

18

3

1

8

6

Table A: Basic Data

Model No.

# Burners per Valve 1

2

% Fire at Stage

Stages

3

1

2

1

2

302A

6

1

100

402A

8

1

100

502A

5

5

1

1, 2

50

100

652A

7

6

1

1,2

54

100

752A

8

7

1

1,2

53

100

902A

6

6

66

100

6

1, 1A 1, 1A, 2

Table B: Manifold Data

# Burners per Valve

Valve Staging

% Firing at Stage

1

2*

1

2

1

2

302A

4

2

1

1, 2

66

100

402A

5

3

1

1, 2

63

100

Model No.

* Valve 2 is inside the air plenum on H3/WH3 302A-402A

Table C: 2-Stage Design Option

7

SECTION A: Before Installation

8

SECTION B General Safety

To meet commercial hot water use needs, the high limit safety control on this water heater is adjustable up to 210°F. However, water temperatures over 125°F can cause instant severe burns or death from scalds. When supplying general purpose hot water, the recommended initial setting for the control is 125°F. Safety and energy conservation are factors to be considered when setting the water temperature on the thermostat. The most energy-efficient operation will result when the temperature setting is the lowest that satisfies the needs of the application. Water temperature over 125°F can cause instant severe burns or death from scalds. Children, disabled and elderly are at highest risk of being scalded. • •

Water temperature over 125°F can cause instant severe burns or death from scalds.

Feel water before bathing or showering. Temperature limiting valves are available.

NOTE: When this water heater is supplying general purpose hot water for use by individuals, a thermostatically controlled mixing valve for reducing point of use water temperature is recommended to reduce the risk of scald injury. Contact a licensed plumber or the local plumbing authority for further information.

Children, disabled, and elderly are at highest risk of being scalded. See instruction manual before setting temperature at water heater. Feel water before bathing or showering.

Maximum water temperatures occur just after the heater’s burner has shut off. To determine the water temperature being delivered, turn on a hot water faucet and place a thermometer in the hot water stream and read the thermometer.

Temperature limiting valves are available, see manual.

9

SECTION B: General Safety

Time/Temperature Relationships in Scalds The following chart details the relationship of water temperature and time with regard to scald injury and may be used as a guide in determining the safest water temperature for your applications. Water Temp.

Time to Produce Serious Burn

120°F

More than 5 minutes

125°F

1-1/2 to 2 minutes

130°F

About 30 seconds

135°F

About 10 seconds

140°F

Less than 5 seconds

145°F

Less than 3 seconds

150°F

About 1-1/2 seconds

155°F

About 1 second

Table courtesy of The Shriners Burn Institute

Table D: Time to Produce Serious Burn

The temperature of the water in the heater can be regulated by using the temperature controller. To comply with safety regulations, the temperature controller is set at the lowest setting when shipped from the factory. To adjust the water temperature, insert a small straight screwdriver into the adjustment screw on the front of temperature controller and turn the wheel to the desired setting. (See Fig. 4.)

Fig. 4: Temperature Controller

CAUTION: Hotter water increases the risk of scalding! There is a hot water scald potential if the thermostat is set too high.

10

SECTION C Installation

When such locations cannot be avoided, it is recommended that a suitable catch pan, adequately drained, be installed under the appliance. The pan must not restrict air flow.

Installation Codes Installations must follow these codes: • • • • •

Local, state, provincial, and national codes, laws, regulations and ordinances National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54 – latest edition (NFGC) National Electrical Code, ANSI/NFPA 70 - latest edition (NEC) Standard for Controls and Safety Devices for Automatically Fired Boilers, ANSI/ASME CSD-1, when required (CSD-1) For Canada only: CAN/CGA B149.1 and .2 installation Code (B149.1 and .2) and CSA C22.1 C.E.C. Part 1 (C22.1)

Equipment Base The heater should be mounted on a level, structurally sound surface. The heater is approved for installation on a combustible surface but must NEVER be installed on carpeting. Gas-fueled equipment installed in enclosed parking garages must be located at least 18 in. above the floor.

Stacking Hi Delta units can be stacked two units high with an optional stacking rack. A seismic-certified stacking kit is available from Raypak for this type of installation.

Fig. 5: Typical Stacked Installation

CAUTION: The heaters should be located in an area where water leakage will not result in damage to the area adjacent to the appliances or to the structure.

In addition, the heater shall be installed such that the gas ignition system components are protected from water (dripping, spraying, rain, etc.) during appliance

11

SECTION C: Installation

operation or service (circulator replacement, control replacement, etc.).

When installed according to the listed minimum clearances from combustible construction, these heaters can still be serviced without removing permanent structural construction around the heater. However, for ease of servicing, we recommend a clearance of at least 24 in. in front, and at least 12 in. on the water connection side. This will allow the heater to be serviced in its installed location without movement or removal of the heater.

Clearances Indoor Installations Heater Side

Minimum Clearance from Combustible Surfaces

Recommended Service Clearance

Floor*

0”

0”

Rear

1”

1”

Water Side

12”

12”

Other Side

1”

6”

Outdoor Installations

Top

1”

1”

Front

Open

24”

Vent

2”

2”

These heaters are design-certified for outdoor installation. Heaters must not be installed under an overhang that is less than 3 ft from the top of the heater. Three sides must be open in the area under the overhang. Roof water drainage must be diverted away from heaters installed under overhangs.

Service clearances less than the minimums may require removal of the heater to service either the heat exchanger or the burner tray. In either case, the heater must be installed in a manner that will enable the heater to be serviced without removing any structure around the heater.

* DO NOT install on carpeting.

Table E: Clearances – Indoor Installations

Heater Side

Min. Clearance from Combustible Surfaces

Recommended Service Clearance

Rear

12”

12”

Water Side

12”

12”

Other Side

6”

12”

Top

Unobstructed

Unobstructed

Vent

N/A

N/A

Table F: Clearances – Outdoor Installations TOP VIEW

These clearances are required when the outdoor vent cap is used. If installing the heater outdoors with a vent stack, the indoor clearances may be utilized. The combustion air intake hood MUST be used for outdoor installations. The hood is shipped loose and installed on the side of the heater over the filter box at the jobsite. FRONT VIEW Venting not shown for clarity. Heater must be vented per instructions in this manual

Fig. 6: Minimum Clearances from Combustible Surfaces – Indoor Installations

12

SECTION C: Installation

1.

Remove the four screws and the dust cover from the right-hand side of the heater.

2.

Remove the four screws and the air filter bracket from the left-hand side of the heater.

3.

Reverse the components and reattach in the new location, making sure that the air filter locking bracket is on the bottom. (The air filter locking bracket is reversible.)

Direct Vent If outside air is drawn through the intake pipe directly to the unit for combustion:

Fig. 7: Minimum Clearances from Combustible Surfaces – Outdoor Installations

1.

Install combustion air direct vent in accordance with Fig. 26 (horizontal) or Fig. 27 (vertical) of this manual (pages 31 and 32, respectively).

2.

Provide adequate ventilation of the space occupied by the heater(s) by an opening(s) for ventilation air at the highest practical point communicating with the outdoors. The total cross-sectional area shall be at least 1 in.2 of free area per 20,000 BTUH (111 mm2 per kW) of total input rating of all equipment in the room when the opening is communicating directly with the outdoors or through vertical duct(s). The total cross-sectional area shall be at least 1 in.2 of free area per 10,000 BTUH (222 mm2 per kW) of total input rating of all equipment in the room when the opening is communicating with the outdoors through horizontal duct(s).

3.

In cold climates, and to mitigate potential freezeup, Raypak highly recommends the installation of a motorized sealed damper to prevent the circulation of cold air through the heater during the nonoperating hours.

Combustion and Ventilation Air NOTICE: Use of the heater in construction areas where fine particulate matter, such as concrete or drywall dust, is present may result in damage to the heater that is not covered by the warranty. If operated in a construction environment, a clean source of combustion air must be provided directly to the heater.

Indoor Units The heater must be supplied with sufficient quantities of non-contaminated air to support proper combustion and equipment ventilation. Combustion air can be supplied via conventional means where combustion air is drawn from the area immediately surrounding the heater, or via direct vent, where combustion air is drawn directly from outside. All installations must comply with the requirements of the NFGC (U.S.) and B149.1 and .2 (Canada), and all local codes.

Direct-Ducted Combustion Air In certain applications it may be desirable to duct the combustion air directly to the heater. This should be done with PVC, CPVC or single-wall galvanized ducting. The duct will attach directly to the collar on the air filter housing located on the side of the heater. The ducting is attached to the air filter housing collar using three or four sheet metal screws (not supplied) equally distributed around the circumference of the duct.

CAUTION: Combustion air must not be contaminated by corrosive chemical fumes which can damage the heater and void the warranty. (See Section H.) NOTICE: It is recommended that the intake vent be insulated to minimize sweating.

Reversing Air Filter

All ducting should be self-supported. The filter housing is not designed to support the air duct.

Follow these instructions to change the air duct connection from the left-hand side (standard) to the righthand side.

CAUTION: Use TrueSeal combustion air if damaging airborne contaminants are or will be present in the

13

SECTION C: Installation

heater area. See Section H of this manual regarding air contamination.

All Air from Outdoors The confined space shall communicate with the outdoors in accordance with one of the methods below. The minimum dimension of air openings shall not be less than 3 in. (76 mm) in any direction. Where ducts are used, they shall be of the same cross-sectional area as the net free area of the openings to which they connect.

TruSeal™ Combustion Air In certain applications it may be necessary to utilize the TruSeal option (sales order option D-21 or D-22) and duct the combustion air directly to the blower. Combustion air may be ducted directly to the heater by using PVC, CPVC or sealed single-wall galvanized ducting. The duct will attach directly to the air collar located on the side of the heater, using three or four sheet metal screws (not supplied) equally positioned around the circumference of the duct. The screws and duct connection point must be sealed with RTV (not supplied). An in-line intake air filter kit (sales order option D-17) must be installed in the combustion air duct. TruSeal is generally used when damaging contaminants are present in the mechanical room.

1.

Two permanent openings, one commencing within 12 in. (305 mm) of the top, and one commencing within 12 in. (305 mm) of the bottom of the enclosure, shall be provided. The openings shall communicate directly, or by ducts, with the outdoors or spaces (crawl or attic) that freely communicate with the outdoors. a.

Where directly communicating with the outdoors or where communicating to the outdoors through vertical ducts, each opening shall have a minimum free area of 1 in.2 per 4,000 BTUH (550 mm2 per kW) of total input rating of all equipment in the enclosure.

b.

Where communicating with the outdoors through horizontal ducts, each opening shall have a minimum free area of 1 in.2 per 2,000 BTUH (1,100 mm2 per kW) of total input rating of all equipment in the enclosure.

TruSeal heater connection points are available as follows: 302A & 402A 502A to 902A

Right side only Left side - standard Right side - optional

CAUTION: This type of installation is recommended if damaging airborne contaminants are or will be present in the heater area. See Section H of this manual regarding air contamination.

2.

Conventional Combustion Air Supply U.S. Installations All Air from Inside the Building The confined space shall be provided with TWO permanent openings communicating directly with an additional room(s) of sufficient volume so that the combined volume of all spaces meets the criteria for a room large in comparison (NFGC). The total input of all gas utilization equipment installed in the combined space shall be considered in making this determination. Each opening shall have a minimum free area of 1 in.2 per 1,000 BTUH (2,225 mm2 per kW) of the total input rating of all gas utilization equipment in the confined space, but not less than 100 in.2 (645 cm2). One opening shall commence within 12 in. (305 mm) of the top, and one opening shall commence within 12 in. (305 mm) of the bottom of the enclosure. The minimum dimension of air openings shall be not less than 3 in. (76 mm) in any direction.

One permanent opening, commencing within 12 in. (305 mm) of the top of the enclosure, shall be permitted where the equipment has clearances of at least 1 in. (25 mm) from the sides and back and 6 in. (152 mm) from the front of the appliance. The opening shall directly communicate with the outdoors or shall communicate through a vertical or horizontal duct to the outdoors or spaces that freely communicate with the outdoors, and shall have a minimum free area of: a.

1 in.2 per 3,000 BTUH (740 mm2 per kW) of the total input rating of all equipment located in the enclosure, and

b.

Not less than the sum of the areas of all vent connectors in the confined space.

WARNING: Do not use one permanent opening method if the equipment room is under negative pressure conditions or the equipment is common vented with other gas-fired appliances.

14

SECTION C: Installation

straight down 18 in. (450 mm) from the floor, but not near piping.

Canadian Installations CAUTION: All combustion air must be drawn from the air outside of the building; the mechanical equipment room must communicate directly with the outdoors. 1.

2.

4.

Water Piping

Ventilation of the space occupied by the heater shall be provided by an opening(s) for ventilation air at the highest practical point communicating with the outdoors. The total cross-sectional area of such an opening(s) shall be at least 10% of the area required in 2. and 3. (below), but in no case shall the cross-sectional area be less than 10 in.2 (65 cm2).

NOTE: For 87%-efficiency boilers, see special instructions on page 39.

General The heater should be located so that any water leaks will not cause damage to the adjacent area or structures. CAUTION: This heater requires forced water circulation when the burner is operating. See Table G and Table H for minimum and maximum flow rates and water pump selection. The pump must be interlocked with the heater to prevent heater operation without water circulation.

For heaters using a barometric damper in the vent system there shall be a permanent air supply opening(s) having a cross section area of not less than 1 in.2 per 7,000 BTUH (320 mm2 per kW) up to and including 1 million BTUH, plus 1 in.2 per 14,000 BTUH (160 mm2 per kW) in excess of 1 million BTUH. This opening(s) shall be either located at or ducted to a point not more than 18 in. (450 mm) nor less than 6 in. (152 mm) above the floor level. The duct can also “goose neck” through the roof. The duct is preferred to be straight down and terminated 18 in. (450 mm) from the floor, but not near piping. This air supply opening requirement shall be in addition to the air opening for ventilation air required in 1. (above).

NOTICE: Minimum pipe size for in/out connections is 2”. Verify proper flow rates and ∆T as instructed in this manual.

Reversing Water Connections Follow these instructions to change the water connections from the left-hand side (standard) to the righthand side.

WARNING: Care must be taken to ensure that the equipment room is not under negative pressure conditions or that the equipment is not commonvented with other gas-fired appliances. 3.

Refer to B149.1 and .2 for additional information.

For heaters not using a barometric damper in the vent system, and when air supply is provided by natural air flow from outdoors for a power burner and there is no draft regulator, drafthood or similar flue gas dilution device installed in the same space, in addition to the opening for ventilation air required in 1., there shall be a permanent air supply opening(s) having a total cross-sectional area of not less than 1 in.2 for each 30,000 BTUH (74 mm2 per kW) of total rated input of the burner(s), and the location of the opening(s) shall not interfere with the intended purpose of the opening(s) for ventilation air referred to in (1). This opening(s) can be ducted to a point not more than 18 in. (450 mm) nor less than 6 in. (152 mm) above the floor level. The duct can also “goose neck” through the roof. The duct is preferred to be

15

1.

Disconnect all electrical power from the heater (if applicable).

2.

Label all electrical connections and conduit lines. This may include the flow switch, low water cutoff probe and/or pump.

3.

Disconnect or isolate the main gas pipe from the heater (if applicable).

4.

Remove both in/out and return header access panels by removing all sheet metal screws.

5.

Remove all plumbing fittings to the header. This will include both inlet and outlet water pipe unions and the pressure relief valve and drain piping.

6.

Remove limits, control bulbs and/or thermocouples.

7.

Remove the six flange nuts and the in/out header from the left-hand side.

8.

Remove the six flange nuts and the return header from the right-hand side.

9.

Reverse the headers to the new location.

SECTION C: Installation

10. Install NEW red beveled O-rings flush against both tube sheets with the bevel facing outward.

1.

Connect fill water supply. With bleed valve open, fill heater with water. When water flows from bleed valve, shut off water. Close bleed valve. Carefully fill the rest of the system, making sure to eliminate any entrapped air by using high-point vents. Close feed valve. Test at standard operating pressure for at least 24 hours.

2.

Make sure constant gauge pressure has been maintained throughout test.

3.

Check for leaks. Repair if found.

11. Push the header firmly against the O-rings. Install and tighten the flange nuts onto the stud bolts until finger tight. 12. Slowly tighten the flange nuts, starting from the center nut (number 1) in Fig. 8 and working sequentially around the header as indicated. Torque all nuts to 25 ft/lb. DO NOT OVERTIGHTEN. 13. Re-route the capillary wiring etc. to the new location, adding thermal paste and shim to the capillary well.

Cold Water Operation CAUTION: Damaging internal condensation may occur if the heater inlet water temperature does not exceed 105˚F (41ºC) within 7 minutes of start-up. A heater operated with an inlet temperature of less than 105ºF (41ºC) must have a manual bypass or an approved low-temperature operation system to prevent problems with condensation. A manual bypass, shown in Fig. 14, must be piped into the system at the time of installation. This piping is like a primary/secondary boiler installation with a bypass acting as the secondary boiler piping. Raypak strongly recommends that thermometer(s) be placed into the heater piping next to the in/out header to facilitate temperature adjustment. Inlet water temperatures below 105ºF (41ºC) can excessively cool the products of combustion, resulting in condensation on the heat exchanger and in the flue.

Fig. 8: Torque Sequence

Relief Valve Piping WARNING: Pressure relief valve discharge piping must be piped near the floor and close to a drain to eliminate the potential of severe burns. Do not pipe to any area where freezing could occur. Refer to local codes.

Failure to exceed 105ºF (41ºC) within 7 minutes may result in the premature failure of the hot surface igniter, remote flame sensor, burners and heat exchanger. It can cause operational problems, bad combustion, sooting, flue gas spillage and reduced service life of the vent system. The bypass allows part of the heater discharge water to be mixed with the cooler heater return water to increase the heater inlet temperature above 105ºF (41ºC). This precautionary measure should prevent the products of combustion from condensing in most installations. Warranty claims will be denied when condensation occurs.

Hydrostatic Test Unlike many types of heaters, this heater does not require hydrostatic testing prior to being placed in operation. The heat exchanger has already been factorytested and is rated for 160 psi operating pressure. However, Raypak does recommend hydrostatic testing of the piping connections to the heater and the rest of the system prior to operation. This is particularly true for hydronic systems using expensive glycol-based antifreeze. Raypak recommends conducting the hydrostatic test before connecting gas piping or electrical supply.

Cold water operation issues are applicable to both cold water start and cold water run applications. Cold water operation for 7 minutes or less on start-up is acceptable. Where cold water starts will last longer than 7 minutes or where cold water operation is continuous, provisions must be made to mix higher temperature outlet water with the colder inlet water and thereby raise the inlet temperature to at least 105ºF (41ºC) within the 7minute time limit.

Leaks must be repaired at once to prevent damage to the heater. NEVER use petroleum-based stop-leak compounds. To perform hydrostatic test:

16

SECTION C: Installation

Cold Water Starts

Temperature & Pressure Gauge

Frequent (more than once a week) cold water starts, wherein the inlet water temperature remains below 105ºF (41ºC) for more than 7 minutes, must have cold water start protection. Known protection methods consist of mixing heated outlet water with the inlet water with a bypass to raise the inlet to 105ºF (41ºC) or higher. Once the system is heated up and has return water temperatures of 105ºF (41ºC) or higher, the mixing of outlet water with inlet water is no longer needed and the bypass can be shut off. If the bypass is not shut off as the system heats up, the outlet temperature may continue to climb and actuate the high limit, thereby shutting down the heater. Thus an automatic valve system, such as a three-way proportional valve or a modulating two-way valve to control the bypass, should be utilized.

The temperature and pressure gauge is factorymounted in the in/out header.

Hydronic Heating Pump Selection In order to ensure proper performance of your heater system, you must install a correctly sized pump. Raypak recommends using a 20°F ∆T as design ∆T. (∆T is the temperature difference between the inlet and outlet water when the heater is firing at full rate). If a ∆T of larger than 20°F is necessary, see Table G and Table H for flow rate requirements.

Pressure Drop in Feet of Head Feedwater Regulator

Cold Water Run

Raypak recommends that a feedwater regulator be installed and set at 12 psi minimum pressure at the highest point of the system. Install a check valve or back flow device upstream of the regulator, with a manual shut-off valve as required by local codes.

Cold water run differs from cold water start in that the system water entering the heater remains below 105ºF (41ºC) continuously. Typically, this is the case in swimming pool heating and water source heat pump applications as well as some others. If the system water is kept in a narrow temperature range, a permanent manual bypass can be employed and manually adjusted to achieve an inlet temperature of 105ºF (41ºC) or higher. An injector pump arrangement may also be utilized to keep the heater loop at or above 105ºF (41ºC). An injector pump approach has the added value of being able to adjust to changes in the system water coming back to the heater take-off. A third approach is an automatic three-way diverting valve with appropriate controller to control the bypass.

Piping All high points should be vented. Purge valves and a bypass valve should be installed. A heater installed above radiation level must be provided with a low water cut-off device (sales order option F-10). The heater, when used in connection with a refrigeration system, must be installed so that the chilled medium is piped in parallel with the heater with appropriate valves to prevent the chilled medium from entering the heater.

Min. Flow Max Flow 10°F∆T 20°F∆T 30°F∆T 40°F∆T Model No. gpm ∆P (ft) gpm ∆P (ft) gpm ∆P (ft) gpm ∆P (ft) gpm ∆P (ft) ∆T gpm ∆P (ft) ∆T 302A

50

3.1

25

0.8

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

20

0.5

25

90

9.8

6

402A

67

5.5

34

1.4

22

0.6

N/A

N/A

20

0.5

34

90

10.0

7

502A

84

9.1

42

2.3

28

1.1

21

0.6

21

0.6

40

90

10.4

9

652A

N/A

N/A

55

4.1

36

1.8

27

1.1

27

1.1

40

90

10.8

12

752A

N/A

N/A

63

5.7

42

2.6

32

1.5

32

1.5

40

90

11.3

14

902A

N/A

N/A

76

8.3

50

3.8

38

2.2

38

2.2

40

90

11.7

17

Notes: 1. Basis for minimum flow is 20 gpm or 40°F ∆T. Basis for maximum flow is 90 gpm. Flow switch will not operate if flow is less than 20 gpm. 2. Rear-mounted pumps may provide higher flow rates on smaller models than the system requirements

Table G: Heater Rates of Flow and Pressure Drops

17

SECTION C: Installation

The piping system of a hot water heater connected to heating coils located in air handling units where they may be exposed to circulating refrigerated air, must be equipped with flow control valves or other automatic means to prevent gravity circulation of the heater water during the cooling cycle. It is highly recommended that the piping be insulated.

Air-Separation/Expansion Tank All heaters should be equipped with a properly sized expansion tank and air separator fitting as shown in Fig. 9.

Fig. 10: Single Heater - Low-Temperature (Heat Pump) Application with Primary/Secondary Piping

Fig. 9: Air-Separation/Expansion Tank

Three-Way Valves Valves designed to blend water temperatures or reduce water circulation through the heater should not be used. Raypak heaters are high-recovery, low-mass heaters which are not subject to thermal shock. Raypak offers a full line of electronic sequencers that produce direct reset of heater water temperature. (Refer to the Controls section of the Raypak Catalog.)

Fig. 11: Dual Heaters (Reverse/Return) with Primary/Secondary Piping

18

SECTION C: Installation

Domestic Hot Water When designing the water piping system for domestic hot water applications, water hardness should be considered. Table H indicates the suggested flow rates for soft, medium and hard water. Water hardness is expressed in grains per gallon.

Potable Water and Space Heating CAUTION: When this heater is used for both potable water and space heating, observe the following to ensure proper operation. 1.

2.

All piping materials and components connected to the water heater for the space heating application shall be suitable for use with potable water.

Fig. 12: Single Domestic Hot Water Heater and Storage Tank

Toxic chemicals, such as used for boiler treatment, shall not be introduced into the potable water used for space heating.

3.

If the heater will be used to supply potable water, it shall not be connected to any heating system or components previously used with a non-potable water heating appliance.

4.

When the system requires water for space heating at temperatures higher than 140°F, a means such as a mixing valve shall be installed to temper the water in order to reduce scald hazard potential.

Pool Heating CAUTION: Power to the heater should be interlocked with the main system pump to make sure the heater does not fire without the main system pump in operation. Improper flow control can damage the heater. Uncontrolled flow (too high) or restricted flow (too low) can seriously damage the heater. Follow these instructions to make sure your heater is properly installed. The Hi Delta pool heater is equipped with an external pump and bypass arrangement as standard equipment. This arrangement blends outlet water with the inlet water to increase the inlet water temperature, thereby reducing the likelihood of condensation forming on the

Model Soft (0-4 grains per gallon) No. ∆T gpm ∆P MTS SHL

Medium (5-15 grains per gallon)

Hard* (16+ grains per gallon)

∆T

gpm

∆P

MTS

SHL

∆T

gpm

∆P

MTS

SHL

302A

13

40

2.0

2

4.3

10

52

3.3

2

7.1

6

90

9.8

2

20.3

402A

17

40

2.0

2

4.4

13

52

3.4

2

7.2

8

90

10.0

2

20.5

502A

21

40

2.1

2

4.5

16

52

3.5

2

7.4

9

90

10.4

2

20.9

652A

28

40

2.2

2

4.6

20

55

4.1

2

8.4

12

90

10.8

2

21.3

752A

30

42

2.6

2

5.2

20

63

5.7

2

11.1

14

90

11.3

2

21.8

902A

30

51

3.9

2

7.6

20

76

8.4

2

16.1

17

90

11.7

2

22.2

∆T = Temperature rise, °F ∆P = Pressure drop through heat exchanger, ft SHL = System head loss, ft (based on heater and tank placed no more than 5 ft apart and equivalent length pipe/fittings of 2” tube = 25 ft) gpm = Gallons per minute, flow rate MTS = Minimum tubing size * Must use optional cupro-nickel tubes. If over 25 grains per gallon, a water softening system must also be used.

Table H: Domestic Water Heater Flow Rate Requirements

19

SECTION C: Installation

slowly throttle Valve B closed to increase the inlet water temperature to 105°F.

heat exchanger. The pump also serves to circulate water through the heater from the main system piping. To complete the installation of the pool heater, the pool thermostat needs to be installed in the main return water line, upstream of the heater. This will ensure that the heater will be energized at the right time. If the main water line is too far away from the heater and the capillary bulb will not reach it, locate the pool thermostat adjacent to the main line and run wires back to the heater.

Fig. 14: “H” Bypass Setting

Automatic Chlorinators and Chemical Feeders

Fig. 13: Single Pool Heater Application

CAUTION: Combustion air must not be contaminated by corrosive chemical fumes which can damage the heater and void the warranty.

Adjustment of the manual bypass valve is critical to proper operation of the heater. The manual bypass valve should be adjusted to achieve a minimum inlet water temperature of 105°F and an outlet water temperature below 140°F. When starting with a cold pool, make initial adjustments. Make final adjustments when pool water approaches desired temperature.

All chemicals must be introduced and completely diluted into the pool or spa water before being circulated through the heater. Do not place chlorine tablets or bromine sticks in the skimmer. High chemical concentrations will result when the pump is not running (e.g. overnight).

The use of a bypass is required for proper operation in a pool heating application. Use the following instructions to set the manual bypass: 1.

Set Valve A (the bypass) to ½ open position, and Valve B to fully open position.

2.

Turn on pump.

3.

Turn on heater and wait until heater goes to full fire.

4.

Adjust Valve A until the inlet water temperature is 105°F. NOTE: Opening the valve will increase the temperature and closing the valve will decrease the temperature.

5.

Chlorinators must feed downstream of the heater and have an anti-siphoning device to prevent chemical back-up into the heater when the pump is shut off. NOTICE: High chemical concentrates from feeders and chlorinators that are out of adjustment will cause very rapid corrosion of the heat exchanger in the heater. Such damage is not covered under the warranty.

Winterizing Your Heater Heaters installed outdoors in freezing climate areas should be shut down for the winter. To shut down heater, turn off manual main gas valve and main gas shut-off. Close isolation valves and remove water piping from the in/out header on the heater. Drain the

If this process does not raise the inlet water temperature to 105°F and Valve A is fully open, then

20

SECTION C: Installation

heater and any piping of all water that may experience below-freezing temperatures.

pH of Water pH is a measure of relative acidity, neutrality or alkalinity. Dissolved minerals and gases affect water’s pH. The pH scale ranges from 0 to 14. Water with a pH of 7.0 is considered neutral. Water with a pH lower than 7 is considered acidic. Water with a pH higher than 7 is considered alkaline. A neutral pH (around 7) is desirable for most potable water applications. Corrosion damage and water heater failures resulting from water pH levels of lower than 6 or higher than 8 are nonwarrantable. The ideal pH range for water used in a storage tank or a copper water heater system is 7.2 to 7.8.

Pool/Spa Water Chemistry NOTICE: Chemical imbalance can cause severe damage to your heater and associated equipment.

Water Hardness Water hardness is mainly due to the presence of calcium and magnesium salts dissolved in the water. The concentration of these salts is expressed in mg/l, ppm or grains per gallon, as a measure of relative hardness of water. Grains per gallon is the common reference measurement used in the U.S. water heater industry. Hardness expressed as mg/L or ppm may be divided by 17.1 to convert to grains per gallon. Water may be classified as very soft, slightly hard, moderately hard or hard based on its hardness number. The salts in water will precipitate out when the water is heated and will cause accelerated lime and scale accumulation on a heat transfer surface.

Total Dissolved Solids Total dissolved solids (TDS) is the measure of all minerals and solids that are dissolved in the water. The concentration of total dissolved solids is usually expressed in parts per million (ppm) as measured in a water sample. Water with a high TDS concentration will greatly accelerate lime and scale formation in the hot water system. Most high TDS concentrations will precipitate out of the water when heated. This can generate a scale accumulation on the heat transfer surface that will greatly reduce the service life of a water heater. This scale accumulation can also impede adequate flow of water and may totally block the water passages in the tubes of the heat exchanger. A heat exchanger that is damaged or blocked by lime/scale accumulation must be replaced. Failure of a water heater due to lime scale build up on the heating surface is non-warrantable. The manufacturer of the water heater has no control of the water quality, especially the TDS levels in your system. Total dissolved solids in excess of 2,500 ppm will accelerate lime and scale

Raypak water heaters can operate lime/scale-free using potable water with a hardness not exceeding 25 grains per gallon. Proper operation is achieved by setting the temperature rise/water flow per the guidelines in the installation instructions. If the hardness of the water exceeds the maximum level of 25 grains per gallon special measures must be taken to adjust flow and temperature rise. Water should be softened to a hardness level no lower than 5 grains per gallon. Water softened as low as 0 to 1 grain per gallon may be undersaturated with respect to calcium carbonate resulting in water that is aggressive and corrosive.

3/4"

1”

1-1/4”

1-1/2”

2”

2-1/2”

Model No.

N

P

N

P

N

P

N

P

N

P

N

P

302A

15

25

35

85

150

380

360

--

--

--

--

--

402A

--

15

25

60

100

260

250

--

--

--

--

--

502A

--

--

--

--

65

150

130

360

500

--

--

--

652A

--

--

--

--

45

100

95

250

340

--

--

--

752A

--

--

--

--

35

80

75

180

260

600

--

--

902A

--

--

--

--

20

45

45

110

150

360

400

--

3

Natural gas – 1,000 BTU per ft , .60 specific gravity at 0.5 in. WC pressure drop Propane gas – 2,500 BTU per ft3, 1.53 specific gravity at 0.6 in. WC pressure drop

Table I: Maximum Equivalent Pipe Length

21

SECTION C: Installation

formation in the heat exchanger. Heat exchanger failure due to total dissolved solids in excess of 2,500 ppm is a non-warrantable condition. Raypak offers basic temperature guidelines for operation of a potable water heater on normal to moderate levels of hardness and solids but levels of hardness and total dissolved solids beyond normal limits for operation will require special setup and operation. NOTICE: Failure of a heat exchanger due to lime scale build-up on the heating surface, low pH or other chemical imbalance is non-warrantable.

Fig. 15: Gas Supply Connection

CAUTION: Do not use Teflon tape on gas line pipe thread. A pipe compound rated for use with natural and propane gases is recommended. Apply sparingly only on male pipe ends, leaving the two end threads bare.

Gas Supply DANGER: Make sure the gas on which the heater will operate is the same type as specified on the heater’s rating plate.

CAUTION: Support gas supply piping with hangers, not by the heater or its accessories. Make sure the gas piping is protected from physical damage and freezing, where required.

Gas piping must have a sediment trap ahead of the heater gas controls, and a manual shut-off valve located outside the heater jacket. It is recommended that a union be installed in the gas supply piping adjacent to the heater for servicing. A pounds-to-inches regulator must be installed to reduce the gas supply pressure to a maximum of 10.5 in. WC for natural gas and 13.0 in. WC for propane gas. The regulator should be placed a minimum distance of 10 times the pipe diameter upstream of the heater gas controls.

Reversing Gas Supply Connection Reversing the standard fuel connection from the lefthand to the right-hand side is a simple field operation.

Refer to Table I for maximum pipe lengths.

Gas Supply Connection CAUTION: The heater must be disconnected from the gas supply during any pressure testing of the gas supply system at test pressures in excess of 1/2 psi (3.45 kPa). The heater must be isolated from the gas supply piping system by closing the manual shut-off valve during any pressure testing of the gas supply piping system at test pressures equal to or less than 1/2 psi (3.45 kPa). Relieve test pressure in the gas supply line prior to reconnecting the heater and its manual shut-off valve to the gas supply line. FAILURE TO FOLLOW THIS PROCEDURE MAY DAMAGE THE GAS VALVES. Over pressurized gas valves are not covered by warranty. The heater and its gas connections shall be leaktested before placing the appliance in operation. Use soapy water for leak test. DO NOT use an open flame.

1.

Disconnect all electrical power from the heater (if applicable).

2.

Disconnect the main gas pipe from the heater (if applicable).

3.

Remove the left and right front panels from the heater.

4.

Locate the main gas line that traverses across the heater above the manifold risers.

5.

Remove the pipe cap from the right-hand end of the main gas line.

6.

Reinstall the pipe cap on the left-hand end of the main gas line. CAUTION: Do not use Teflon tape on main gas line pipe thread. A pipe compound rated for natural and propane gases is recommended. Apply sparingly only on male pipe ends leaving the two end threads bare.

22

7.

Remove plastic cap from the right-hand side panel and reinstall into the standard main gas opening located on the left-hand side of the heater.

8.

Remove the rubber grommet from the left-handside panel and reinstall into the standard main gas opening, located on the right-hand side of the heater.

SECTION C: Installation

9.

Install a coupling, union and sediment trap onto the right-hand end of the main gas line and then install the gas line, making sure that a manual shut-off valve has been installed within 10 ft of the heater.

Electrical Power Connections Installations must follow these codes: •

10. Replace the left and right front panels on the heater.

• •

Gas Supply Pressure A minimum of 5.0 in. WC and a maximum of 10.5 in. WC upstream gas pressure is required under load and no-load conditions for natural gas. A minimum of 11.0 in. WC and a maximum of 13.0 in. WC is required for propane gas. The gas pressure regulator(s) supplied on the heater is for low-pressure service. If upstream pressure exceeds 14.0 in. WC, an intermediate gas pressure regulator, of the lockup type, must be installed.



National Electrical Code and any other national, state, provincial or local codes or regulations having jurisdiction. Safety wiring must be NEC Class 1. Heater must be electrically grounded as required by the NEC. In Canada, CSA C22. 1 C.E.C. Part 1.

The heater is wired for 120 VAC, 8 amps. The voltage is indicated on the tie-in leads. Consult the wiring diagram shipped with the heater in the instruction packet. The remote tank control stat, thermostat, or electronic heater control (as applicable) may be connected to the stage selector terminal (See wiring diagram). 24 VAC is supplied to this connection through the heater transformer. DO NOT attach line voltage to the stage selector terminals. Before starting the heater check to ensure proper voltage to the heater and pump.

When connecting additional gas utilization equipment to the gas piping system, the existing piping must be checked to determine if it has adequate capacity for the combined load.

Install a separate disconnect means for each load. Use appropriately sized wire as defined by NEC, CSA and/or local code. All primary wiring should be 125% of minimum rating.

The gas valve pressure regulator(s) on the heater are nominally preset at 3.5 in. WC for natural gas, and 10.5 in. WC for propane gas. The pressure at the gas valve outlet tap, measured with a manometer, while in operation should be 3.5 ± 0.1 in. WC for natural gas and 10.5 in. ± 0.1 in. WC for propane gas. If an adjustment is needed, remove the adjustment screw cover and turn the adjustment screw clockwise to increase pressure or counter-clockwise to lower pressure.

If any of the original wire as supplied with the heater must be replaced, it must be replaced with 105°C wire or its equivalent.

Field-Connected Controllers It is strongly recommended that all individuallypowered control modules and the heater should be supplied from the same power source. NOTICE: Field-supplied isolation relays should be installed when field-connected controllers are mounted more than 50 equivalent feet (18 Ga) from heater.

Check the Power Source WARNING: Using a multi-meter, check the following voltages at the circuit breaker panel prior to connecting any equipment. Make sure proper polarity is followed and house ground is proven. (See Fig. 17.) Fig. 16: Gas Valve

23

SECTION C: Installation

BLACK

prior to working with any electrical connections or components.

CIRCUIT BREAKER

3.

Observe proper wire colors while making electrical connections. Many electronic controls are polarity sensitive. Components damaged by improper electrical installation are not covered by warranty.

4.

Provide overload protection and a disconnect means for equipment serviceability as required by local and state code.

5.

Install heater controls, thermostats, or building management systems in accordance with the applicable manufacturers’ instructions.

Check the power source:

6.

Conduit should not be used as the earth ground.

AC = 108 VAC Minimum, 132 VAC MAX AB = 108 VAC Minimum, 132 VAC MAX BC = <1 VAC Maximum

NOTICE: A grounding electrode conductor shall be used to connect the equipment grounding conductors, the equipment enclosures, and the grounded service conductor to the grounding electrode.

WHITE

GREEN

GROUND

A B

C

Fig. 17: Wiring Connections

Field Wiring Connection

Fig. 18: Multi-meter

If the heater does not have a factory-wired stage controller, it is factory-wired in an on-off configuration with other stage terminals jumpered. To field-connect a stage controller, remove factoryinstalled jumper and wire stage controller as shown in Fig. 20 and Fig. 21.

Fig. 19: Wiring Location

Making the Electrical Connections Refer to Fig. 17-23. 1.

Verify that circuit breaker is properly sized by referring to heater rating plate. A dedicated circuit breaker should be provided.

2.

Turn off all power to the heater. Verify that power has been turned off by testing with a multi-meter

24

SECTION C: Installation

Make sure electrical power to the heater is disconnected to avoid potential serious injury or damage to components. Installer action is required to electrically enable your heater to operate after making the power connections. You must make a connection on Stage 1 connector of the Central Point Wiring (CPW) board for temperature control connections. This will be done based on the controller option selected with your heater order. 1.

For Pool and Closed-Loop Water-Source Heat Pump applications, your heater should be configured to operate in an on-off firing mode. This means that you will connect a single-pole control to stage one of the CPW board. Then jumper the remaining firing stages. For example, if your heater is a Model 652A, you will jumper stage two. Then your heater will either be on at full fire, or it will be off.

2.

For 2-stage controller connections, connect each stage of the control to the corresponding stage of the CPW board in the heater, i.e., stage 1 of the heater to stage 1 of the control; stage 2 of the heater to stage 2 of the control, as shown in Fig. 22. Set the operating control to the setpoint at which you want the heater to maintain. Ensure that the sensing bulb of the control is at the point in the system that will best maintain the temperature you want. For example, when you are heating a tank of water, you want the operating control sensor bulb in the tank.

Fig. 20: On-Off Wiring Connections

2-STAGE TANKSTAT

STAGE 1 CONNECTION

STAGE 2 CONNECTION OR STAGE 1 CONNECTION OF HEATER 2

ATTACH STAGE 1 CONNECTIONS ON HEATER TO STAGE 1 CONNECTION ON TANKSTAT. ATTACH STAGE 2 CONNECTIONS OR STAGE 1 CONNECTION OF HEATER 2 TO STAGE 2 CONNECTIONON TANKSTAT AS SHOWN IN THE DIAGRAM.

Fig. 21: 2-Stage Wiring Connections

CAUTION: Label all wires prior to disconnection when servicing controls. Wiring errors can cause improper and dangerous operation. Verify proper operation after servicing.

Fig. 22: 2-Stage Tankstat

DANGER: SHOCK HAZARD

25

SECTION C: Installation

3.

For single-stage controller connections, attach the stage 1 connections on heater 1 to the tankstat per Fig. 23.

Venting NOTE: For 87%-efficiency boilers, see special instructions on page 39.

SINGLE STAGE TANKSTAT

CAUTION: Proper installation of flue venting is critical for the safe and efficient operation of the heater.

General Appliance Categories Heaters are divided into four categories based on the pressure produced in the exhaust and the likelihood of condensate production in the vent.

STAGE 1 CONNECTION

Category I – A heater which operates with a nonpositive vent static pressure and with a vent gas temperature that avoids excessive condensate production in the vent.

ATTACH STAGE 1 CONNECTIONS ON HEATER TO THE SINGLE STAGE TANKSTAT AS SHOWN IN THE DIAGRAM ABOVE.

Category II – A heater which operates with a nonpositive vent static pressure and with a vent gas temperature that may cause excessive condensate production in the vent.

Fig. 23: Single-Stage Tankstat

Heater must be electrically grounded in accordance with the NEC, and CSA C22.1 C.E.C. Part 1 in Canada.

Category III – A heater which operates with a positive vent pressure and with a vent gas temperature that avoids excessive condensate production in the vent.

Consult the wiring diagram shipped with the heater in the instruction packet or at the end of Section C. The stage-selector terminals are for the remote tank control through the heater’s 24 VAC transformer. DO NOT attach line voltage to the stage-selector terminals. Before starting the heater, check to ensure proper voltage to the heater and pump.

Category IV – A heater which operates with a positive vent pressure and with a vent gas temperature that may cause excessive condensate production in the vent. See Table J for appliance category requirements. Note: For additional information on appliance categorization, see appropriate ANSI Z21 Standard and the NFGC (U.S.), or B149.1 and .2 (Canada), or applicable provisions of local building codes.

NOTE: If any of the original wire supplied with the heater must be replaced, it must be replaced with similar sized 105°C wire or its equivalent.

Combustion Air Supply From Inside Building (Non-Direct Venting)

From Outside Building (Direct Venting)

Exhaust Configuration

Heater Venting Category

Certified Materials

Vertical Natural Draft Venting

I

“B” Vent

Horizontal Throughthe-Wall Venting

III

Stainless Steel (Gas Tight)

Vertical Natural Draft Venting

I

“B” Vent

Horizontal Throughthe-Wall Venting

III

Stainless Steel (Gas Tight)

Table J: Venting Category Requirements

26

Combustion Air Inlet Material

Galvanized Steel PVC ABS CPVC

SECTION C: Installation

ate a nuisance or hazard or could be detrimental to the operation of regulators, relief valves, or other equipment. Where local experience indicates that condensate is a problem with Category I and III appliances, this provision shall also apply.

CAUTION: When condensate traps are installed, condensate must be routed to an appropriate container for neutralization before disposal, as required by local codes. WARNING: Contact the manufacturer of the vent material if there is any question about the appliance categorization and suitability of a vent material for application on a Category III or IV vent system. Using improper venting materials can result in personal injury, death or property damage.

8.

Locate and guard vent termination to prevent accidental contact by people or pets.

9.

DO NOT terminate vent in window well, stairwell, alcove, courtyard or other recessed area.

10. DO NOT terminate above any door, window, or gravity air intake. Condensate can freeze, causing ice formations.

Support of Vent Stack The weight of the vent stack or chimney must not rest on the heater vent connection. Support must be provided in compliance with applicable codes. The vent should also be installed to maintain proper clearances from combustible materials.

11. Locate or guard vent to prevent condensate from damaging exterior finishes. Use a rust-resistant sheet metal backing plate against brick or masonry surfaces. 12. DO NOT extend exposed vent pipe outside of building. Condensate could freeze and block vent pipe.

Use insulated vent pipe spacers where the vent passes through combustible roofs and walls.

Vent Terminal Location U.S. Installations

NOTICE: During winter months check the vent cap and make sure no blockage occurs from build-up of snow or ice. 1.

2.

Give special attention to the location of the vent termination to avoid possibility of property damage or personal injury. Gases may form a white vapor plume in winter. The plume could obstruct a window view if the termination is installed near windows.

4.

Prevailing winds, in combination with belowfreezing temperatures, can cause freezing of condensate and water/ice build-up on buildings, plants or roofs.

5.

The bottom of the vent terminal and the air intake shall be located at least 12 in. above grade, including normal snow line.

7.

Vent termination requirements are as follows:

Condensate can freeze on the vent cap. Frozen condensate on the vent cap can result in a blocked flue condition.

3.

6.

Refer to the latest edition of the National Fuel Gas Code.

Un-insulated single-wall metal vent pipe shall not be used outdoors in cold climates for venting gasfired equipment. Through-the-wall vents for Category II and IV appliances and non-categorized condensing appliances shall not terminate over public walkways or over an area where condensate or vapor could cre-

27

1.

Vent must terminate at least 4 ft below, 4 ft horizontally from or 1 ft above any door, window or gravity air inlet to the building.

2.

The vent must not be less than 7 ft above grade when located adjacent to public walkways.

3.

Terminate vent at least 3 ft above any forced air inlet located within 10 ft.

4.

Vent must terminate at least 4 ft horizontally, and in no case above or below unless 4 ft horizontal distance is maintained, from electric meters, gas meters, regulators, and relief equipment.

5.

Terminate vent at least 6 ft away from adjacent walls.

6.

DO NOT terminate vent closer than 5 ft below roof overhang.

7.

The vent terminal requires a 12 in. vent terminal clearance from the wall.

8.

Terminate vent at least 1 ft above grade, including normal snow line.

SECTION C: Installation

9.

Multiple direct vent installations require a 4 ft clearance between the ends of vent caps located on the same horizontal plane.

5.

Remove the screws, retaining ring and rain gasket from top of heater.

6.

Remove the 12 screws, flue collar and gasket from the run side of the tee located in the flue box on top of the heater.

7.

Reverse the components and reattach in the new location. Make sure that the stainless steel cover, now located on the run side of the tee, is sealed to avoid any flue gas spillage.

Canada Installations Refer to latest edition of B149.1 and .2. A vent shall not terminate: 1.

Directly above a paved sidewalk or driveway which is located between two single-family dwellings and serves both dwellings.

8.

2.

Less than 7 ft (2.13 m) above a paved sidewalk or paved driveway located on public property.

3.

Within 6 ft (1.8 m) of a mechanical air supply inlet to any building.

CAUTION: The silicone vent gaskets must be properly reinstalled to prevent flue gas leakage. Replace any torn or worn vent gaskets.

4.

Above a meter/regulator assembly within 3 ft (900 mm) horizontally of the vertical centre-line of the regulator.

5.

Within 6 ft (1.8 m) of any gas service regulator vent outlet.

6.

Less than 1 ft (305 mm) above grade level.

7.

Within the 3 ft (900 mm) of a window or door which can be opened in any building, any nonmechanical air supply inlet to any building or the combustion air inlet of any other appliance.

8.

Venting Installation Tips Support piping: • • •

WARNING: Examine the venting system at least once a year. Check all joints and vent pipe connections for tightness, corrosion or deterioration.

Venting Configurations For heaters connected to gas vents or chimneys, vent installations shall be in accordance with Part 7, Venting of Equipment, of the NFGC (U.S.), or B149.1 and .2 (Canada), or applicable provisions of local building codes.

Underneath a verandah, porch or deck, unless the verandah, porch or deck is fully open on a minimum of two sides beneath the floor, and the distance between the top of the vent termination and the underside of the verandah, porch or deck is greater than 1 ft (305 mm).

Natural Draft Vertical Venting (Category I)

Changing the Flue Outlet Follow these instructions to change the flue connection from the standard top location to the rear of the heater. 1.

Disconnect all electrical power from the heater (if applicable).

2.

Disconnect or isolate the main gas pipe from the heater (if applicable).

3.

Remove the screws, gasket and dustcover from the rear of the heater.

4.

Remove the 12 screws, stainless steel flue cover and gasket from the branch side of the tee located in the flue box at the rear of the heater.

horizontal runs - at least every 5 ft vertical runs - use braces under or near elbows

Installation Natural draft venting uses the natural buoyancy of the heated flue products to create a thermal driving head that expels the exhaust gases from the flue. The negative draft must be within the range of -.01 to -.08 in. WC as measured 12 in. above the appliance flue outlet to ensure proper operation. Vent material must be listed by a nationally recognized test agency. The maximum and minimum venting length for Category I appliances shall be determined per the NFGC (U.S.) or B149.1 and .2 (Canada). The diameter of vent flue pipe should be sized according to Part 11 of the NFGC (U.S.) and Part 7 and Ap-

28

SECTION C: Installation

pendix B of B149.1 and .2 (Canada). The minimum flue pipe diameter for conventional negative draft venting using double-wall Type B vent is 5 in. for Model 302A, 6 in. for Models 402A and 502A, and 8 in. for Models 652A, 752A and 902A.

NOTICE: A vent adapter (field-supplied) must be used to connect Type B vent to the unit. The connection from the appliance vent to the stack must be as direct as possible and shall be the same diameter as, or larger than, the vent outlet. The horizontal breaching of a vent must have an upward slope of not less than 1/4 inch per linear foot from the heater to the vent terminal. The horizontal portions of the vent shall also be supported for the design and weight of the material employed to maintain clearances and to prevent physical damage or separation of joints.

Termination The vent terminal should be vertical and should terminate outside the building at least 2 ft above the highest point of the roof that is within 10 ft. The vent cap should have a minimum clearance of 4 ft horizontally from and in no case above or below (unless a 4 ft horizontal distance is maintained) electric meters, gas meters, regulators and relief equipment. The distance of the vent terminal from adjacent public walkways, adjacent buildings, open windows and building openings must be consistent with the NFGC (U.S.) or B149.1 and .2 (Canada). Gas vents supported only by flashing and extended above the roof more than 5 ft should be securely guyed or braced to withstand snow and wind loads. CAUTION: A listed vent cap terminal, adequately sized, must be used to evacuate the flue products from the heaters.

Fig. 24: Natural Draft Vertical Venting (Category I)

Model

Certified Venting Material

302A

652A 752A

Vertical Venting Height* Min.

Max.

Combustion Air Intake Pipe Material

5”

402A 502A

Vent Size

Cat. I (Type B Equivalent)

6” 5’

25’

8”

Galvanized Steel, PVC, ABS, CPVC

Air Inlet Max. Length** 6”

8”

100’

N/A

75’ 40’

100’

902A * Vent lengths are based on a lateral length of 2 ft. Refer to the latest edition of the NFGC for further details. When vertical height exceeds 25 ft, consult factory prior to installation. ** Subtract 10 ft per elbow. Max. 3 elbows. Maximum combustion air duct length terminated at 100 equivalent ft.

Table K: Category I Vertical Venting

29

SECTION C: Installation

dampers and other gas burning appliances to their previous conditions of use.

Common Venting System Manifolds that connect more than one heater to a common chimney must be sized to handle the combined load. Consult available guides for proper sizing of the manifold and the chimney. At no time should the area of the common vent be less than the area of the largest heater exhaust outlet.

7.

WARNING: Vent connectors serving appliances vented by natural draft shall not be connected into any portion of mechanical draft systems operating under a positive pressure. CAUTION: Vent connectors for natural draft venting systems must be Type B or better.

Any improper operation of the common venting system should be corrected so that the installation conforms with the NFGC (U.S.) or B149.1 and .2 (Canada). When re-sizing any portion of the common venting system, the common venting system should be re-sized to approach the minimum size as determined using the appropriate tables in Appendix G in the NFGC (U.S.) or B149.1 and .2 (Canada).

Horizontal Through-the-Wall Venting (Category III)

Common venting systems may be too large once an existing unit is removed. At the time of removal of an existing appliance, the following steps must be followed with each appliance remaining connected to the common venting system placed in operation, while the other appliances remaining connected to the common venting system are not in operation. 1.

Seal any unused opening in the common venting system.

2.

Visually inspect the venting system for proper size and horizontal pitch and verify there is no blockage, restriction, leakage, corrosion or other unsafe condition.

3.

Insofar as is practical, close all building doors and windows and all doors between the space in which the appliances remaining connected to the common venting system are located and other spaces of the building. Turn on clothes dryers and any appliance not connected to the common vent system. Turn on any exhaust fans, such as range hoods and bathroom exhausts, at maximum speed. Do not operate summer exhaust fan. Close fireplace dampers.

4.

Place in operation the appliances being inspected. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for lighting each appliance. Adjust thermostat so appliance will operate continuously.

5.

Check the pressure at a pressure tap located 12 in. above the bottom joint of the first vertical vent pipe. Pressure should be anywhere between -0.01 and -0.08 in. WC.

6.

Fig. 25: Horizontal Through-the-Wall Venting (Category III)

Installation These installations utilize the heater-mounted blower to vent the combustion products to the outdoors. Combustion air is taken from inside the room and the vent is installed horizontally through the wall to the outdoors. Adequate combustion and ventilation air must be supplied to the equipment room in accordance with the NFGC (U.S.) or B149.1 and .2 (Canada). The total length of the horizontal through-the-wall flue system should not exceed 70 equivalent ft in length. If horizontal run exceeds 70 equivalent ft, an appropriately sized extractor must be used. Each elbow used is equal to 10 ft of straight pipe. This will allow installation in one of the four following arrangements: • • • •

After it has been determined that each appliance remaining connected to the common venting system properly vents when tested as outlined above, return doors, windows, exhaust fans, fireplace

70’ of straight flue pipe 60’ of straight flue pipe and one elbow 50’ of straight flue pipe and two elbows 40’ of straight pipe and three elbows

The vent cap is not considered in the overall length of the venting system.

30

SECTION C: Installation

The vent must be installed to prevent flue gas leakage. Care must be taken during assembly to ensure that all joints are sealed properly and are airtight. The vent must be installed to prevent the potential accumulation of condensate in the vent pipes. It is required that: 1.

The vent must be installed with a slight downward slope of not more than 1/4 inch per foot of horizontal run to the vent terminal.

2.

The vent must be insulated through the length of the horizontal run.

ize the safety and health of inhabitants. Use only the special gas vent pipes listed for use with Category III gas burning heaters, such as the AL29-4C stainless steel vents offered by Heat Fab Inc. (800-7720739), Protech System, Inc. (800-766-3473) or Z-Flex (800-654-5600). Pipe joints must be positively sealed. Follow the vent manufacturer’s installation instructions carefully.

Direct Vent - Horizontal Through-the-Wall

For installations in extremely cold climate, it is required that: 1.

The vent must be installed with a slight upward slope of not more than 1/4 inch per foot of horizontal run to the vent terminal. In this case, an approved condensate trap must be installed per applicable codes.

2.

The vent must be insulated through the length of the horizontal run.

Termination The flue direct vent cap MUST be mounted on the exterior of the building. The direct vent cap cannot be installed in a well or below grade. The direct vent cap must be installed at least 1 ft above ground level and above normal snow levels. The Raypak-approved stainless steel flue direct vent cap must be used (sales order option D-15).

Note: When vertical height exceeds 25 ft, consult factory prior to installation.

Fig. 26: Direct Vent - Horizontal Through-the-Wall

Installation These installations utilize the heater-mounted blower to draw combustion air from outdoors and vent combustion products to the outdoors.

WARNING: No substitutions of flue pipe or vent cap material are allowed. Such substitutions would jeopard-

Model No.

Certified Venting Material

302A

5”

402A 502A

Vent Size

6” Category III

652A 752A

8”

902A

Maximum Equivalent Vent Length* 70’ Room Air 40’ Ducted Combustion Air

Combustion Air Intake Pipe Material

Galvanized Steel, PVC, ABS, CPVC

* Subtract 10 ft per elbow. Max. 3 elbows. Maximum combustion air duct length terminated at 100 equivalent ft.

Table L: Category III Horizontal and Direct Venting

31

Air Inlet Max. Length 6”

8”

100’

N/A

75’ 40’ 30’

100’

80’

SECTION C: Installation

This type of installation can cause non-warrantable problems with components and poor operation of the heater due to the recirculation of flue products. Multiple direct vent caps should be installed in the same horizontal plane with a 4 ft clearance from the side of one vent cap to the side of the adjacent vent cap(s).

The total length of the through-the-wall flue cannot exceed 40 equivalent ft in length for the flue outlet. Each elbow used is equal to 10 ft of straight pipe. This will allow installation in one of the three following arrangements: • • •

40’ of straight flue pipe 30’ of straight flue pipe and one elbow 20’ of straight flue pipe and two elbows.

Combustion air supplied from outdoors must be free of particulate and chemical contaminants. To avoid a blocked flue condition, keep the vent cap clear of snow, ice, leaves, debris, etc.

The total length of air supply pipe cannot exceed the distances listed in Table L. Each elbow used is equal to 10 ft of straight pipe. This will allow installation in any arrangement that does not exceed the lengths shown in Table L.

WARNING: No substitutions of flue pipe or vent cap material are allowed. Such substitutions would jeopardize the safety and health of inhabitants. The stainless steel flue direct vent cap must be furnished by the heater manufacturer in accordance with its listing (sales order option D-15).

The flue direct vent cap is not considered in the overall length of the venting system. Care must be taken during assembly that all joints are sealed properly and are airtight.

Use only the special gas vent pipes listed for use with Category III gas burning heaters, such as the AL29-4C stainless steel vents offered by Heat Fab Inc. (800-7720739), Protech System, Inc. (800-766-3473) or Z-Flex (800-654-5600). Pipe joints must be positively sealed. Follow carefully the vent manufacturer’s installation instructions.

The vent must be installed to prevent the potential accumulation of condensate in the vent pipes. It is required that: 1.

The vent must be installed with a slight downward slope of not more than 1/4 inch per foot of horizontal run to the vent terminal.

2.

The vent must be insulated through the length of the horizontal run.

Direct Vent - Vertical

For installations in extremely cold climate, it is required that: 1.

The vent must be installed with a slight upward slope of not more than 1/4 inch per foot of horizontal run to the vent terminal. In this case, an approved condensate trap must be installed per applicable codes.

2.

The intake vent must be insulated through the length of the horizontal run.

Termination The flue direct vent cap MUST be mounted on the exterior of the building. The direct vent cap cannot be installed in a well or below grade. The direct vent cap must be installed at least 1 ft above ground level and above normal snow levels.

Note: When vertical height exceeds 25 ft, consult factory prior to installation.

Fig. 27: Direct Vent - Vertical

The direct vent cap MUST NOT be installed with any combustion air inlet directly above a direct vent cap. This vertical spacing would allow the flue products from the direct vent cap to be pulled into the combustion air intake installed above.

Installation These installations utilize the heater-mounted blower to draw combustion air from outdoors and force the heated flue products through the vent pipe under posi-

32

SECTION C: Installation

tive pressure. The vent material must be in accordance with the above instructions for vent materials. Vent material must be listed by a nationally recognized test agency.

1.

Outdoor models must be installed outdoors and must use the outdoor vent cap, flow switch cover and air intake hood available from the manufacturer (sales order option D-11).

The connection from the appliance flue to the stack must be as direct as possible and should be the same size or larger than the vent outlet.

2.

Periodically check venting system. The heater’s venting areas must never be obstructed in any way and minimum clearances must be observed to prevent restriction of combustion and ventilation air. Keep area clear and free of combustible and flammable materials.

3.

Do not locate adjacent to any window, door walkway, or gravity air intake. The vent must be located a minimum of 4 ft horizontally from such areas.

4.

Install above grade level and above normal snow levels.

5.

Vent terminal must be at least 3 ft above any forced air inlet located within 10 ft.

6.

Adjacent brick or masonry surfaces must be protected with a rust-resistant sheet metal plate.

See Table K for Category I venting guidelines. It is recommended that in colder climates, the intake vent be insulated.

Termination The flue terminal should be vertical and should terminate outside the building at least 2 ft above the highest point of the roof within 10 ft. The vent cap should have a minimum clearance of 4 ft horizontally from and in no case above or below (unless a 4 ft horizontal distance is maintained) electric meters, gas meters, regulators and relief equipment. The distance of the vent terminal from adjacent public walkways, adjacent buildings, open windows and building openings must be consistent with the NFGC (U.S.) or B149.1 and .2 (Canada).

NOTICE: Condensate can freeze on the vent cap. Frozen condensate on the vent cap can result in a blocked flue condition.

Flues supported only by flashing and extended above the roof more than 5 ft should be securely guyed or braced to withstand snow and wind loads.

NOTICE: The vent cap, flow switch cover and air intake hood must be furnished by the heater manufacturer in accordance with its listing (sales order option D-11).

The air inlet opening MUST be installed 1 ft above the roof line or above normal snow levels that might obstruct combustion air flow. This dimension is critical to the correct operation of the heater and venting system and reduces the chance of blockage from snow. The vent cap must have a minimum 3 ft vertical clearance from the air inlet opening.

Freeze Protection When installing this heater in an outdoor location that is susceptible to freezing, sales order option B-22 must be ordered. The B-22 option energizes the heater pump at a preset temperature drop to circulate water and reduces the possibility of freezing and damaging the heat exchanger or headers.

Outdoor Installation Outdoor models are self-venting when installed with the optional factory-supplied outdoor vent kit and require no additional vent piping. A special vent cap, flow switch cover and air intake hood are provided in accordance with CSA requirements, which must be installed directly on the heater. See Section C for correct clearances.

Controls WARNING: Installation, adjustment and service of heater controls, including timing of various operating functions, must be performed by a qualified installer, service agency or the gas supplier. Failure to do so may result in control damage, heater malfunction, property damage, personal injury, or death.

Care must be taken when locating the heater outdoors, because the flue gases discharged from the vent cap can condense as they leave the cap. Improper location can result in damage to adjacent structures or building finish. For maximum efficiency and safety, the following precautions must be observed:

WARNING: Turn off the power to the heater before installation, adjustment or service of the CPW board or any heater controls. Failure to do so may result in

33

SECTION C: Installation

board damage, heater malfunction, property damage, personal injury, or death. CAUTION: This appliance has provisions to be connected to more than one supply source. To reduce the risk of electric shock, disconnect all such connections before servicing. CAUTION: Risk of electric shock: More than one disconnect switch may be required to de-energize the equipment before servicing. Fig. 28: External LED Indicator Decal

External Lights Light

Color

Indication

Power

Blue

Main power is on

Yellow

Thermostat is closed

Safety

Red

One or more safeties is inoperative

Ignition

Red

Ignition module is inoperative

Flow

Green

Flow is present

Blower 1

Green

Blower 1 is on

Stage 1

Green

Stage 1 is on

Stage 2

Green

Stage 2 is on

Call For Heat

Internal Lights Light

Color

Indication

Yellow

Board power is on

Low Water Cut-Off

Red

Low water cut-off is open

Blocked Vent

Red

Vent is blocked

Manual Reset Hi-Limit

Red

Manual reset is open

Low Gas Pressure Switch

Red

Low gas pressure

High Gas Pressure Switch

Red

High gas pressure

(Not Used)

Red

PVC Vent Limit

Red

Vent temperature exceeds limits

Auto Reset High Limit

Red

Auto reset option

Board Power

Table M: LED Indicators

34

SECTION C: Installation

pump, and to the common connection of the flow switch.

Heater Sequence of Operations 1.

2.

3.

The black (hot) wire lead goes directly to the main power switch. This black toggle switch is located at the middle front of the control compartment. When the main power switch is placed in the “ON” position, the 120 VAC terminal block on the circuit board, the 120/24 VAC transformer and terminals L1 and F1 of the ignition module are powered. 120 VAC power is also applied to the control power connector on the circuit board, and 120 VAC power is waiting at relay contacts K3a to energize the heater blower.

If all of the preceding safety switches are closed, the diagnostic board sends a 24 VAC signal from pin P3-16 to Relay K-1 (N.C.). The relay will be energized, and opens the circuit to disable the alarm (optional) and turn off the red safety shutdown light.

5.

Pin P1-4 on the diagnostic board will now send a 24 VAC signal to the “standby switch” (rocker switch) located at the lower left front of the control compartment. If the switch is “ON” and there is no call for heat (CFH), the heater is in standby mode.

6.

After the standby switch is placed into the “ON” position, a 24 VAC signal is sent to the “enable/disable” connection (normally jumpered) and to the S24V terminal on the ignition module.

7.

When the “enable/disable” contacts are closed, the 24 VAC signal travels to pin 1 of the stage 1 connection and waits for a CFH.

Upon sufficient flow from the heater pump, the flow switch closes and energizes the flow light, located on the diagnostics panel. A 24 VAC signal is also sent to the “TH” terminal located on the ignition module, and to the air pressure switch.

10. Once the 24 VAC “TH” signal is received, a 120 VAC signal is sent from F2 on the ignition module to the coil of relay K3 (N.O.), the 120 VAC safety terminal and the 120 VAC pilot duty terminals, located on the circuit board. 11. When the coil on relay K3 (N.O.) is powered, the relay contacts (K3a) close and energize the blower. After proper air pressure is received in the air plenum, the air pressure switch will close sending a 24 VAC signal to the blower LED on the diagnostics board and to the optional equipment interlock connection (normally jumpered). The 24 VAC signal is then sent to the 24 VAC safety connector, and to the pressure switch (P.S.) terminal on the ignition module.

The 120/24 VAC transformer sends a 24 VAC hot power signal to the low water cut-off (optional), blue power light, N.C. contacts of relay K1, red LED safety shutdown light, all safety components wired into the diagnostic board, and terminal TP1 of the Economaster II pump delay. The safety components wired into the diagnostic board are: low water cut-off (optional), blocked vent switch, manual vent temp switch (optional), manual reset high limit, low gas pressure switch (optional), high gas pressure switch (optional), and auto-reset high limit (optional).

4.

8.

9.

12. Once the pressure switch signal is received at the ignition module, the hot surface igniter is energized. (The hot surface igniter must draw greater than 3.1 amps while being energized or ignition lockout will occur after three tries.) If the flame is not sensed within 4 seconds, the ignition module will shut down the gas valve and retry the hot surface igniter. During ignition retry the heater must perform a 15-second pre-purge and an approximately 30-second igniter warm-up before opening gas valve 1 13. Once the ignition module determines the hot surface igniter is operating properly, a 24 VAC signal is sent to gas valve 1, the stage 1 LED on the diagnostics display board, and the coil of relay K2 (N.O.). The gas coming through the burners should ignite from the heat of the hot surface igniter and the flame should carry over from one burner to the other burners of stage 1. 14. The remote sensor is now trying to sense the flame. If the flame is not sensed within 4 seconds, the ignition module will shut down the gas valve and retry the hot surface igniter. During ignition retry the heater must perform a 15-second pre-purge and an approximately 30-second igniter warm-up before opening gas valve 1 again. The standard ignition module will attempt ignition a maximum of three times prior to ignition lockout.

When a CFH occurs, a 24 VAC signal is sent to the CFH light on the diagnostics panel located on the lower left front of the control compartment. Power is also sent to terminal TP4 of the Economaster to close the relay and energize the heater

35

SECTION C: Installation

15. After gas valve 1 opens and flame rectification is received, relay K2 (N.O.) contacts (K2a) close downstream of the stage 2 connections and then time delay relay 1 (TD1) starts a 5-second countdown.

Code

Condition

On

System OK; No faults present

Off

Possible control fault; Check power

2 Flashes

Flame in combustion chamber; No call for heat

Ignition Module

3 Flashes

Ignition lockout

When additional heat is needed, the combustion air blower starts to purge air from the combustion chamber for about 15 seconds. On proof-of-air flow, the airproving switch closes and the igniter is energized. To ensure safe operation, the gas valve cannot open until the igniter is verified. The main burner is automatically lit when the device is powered and pre-purged. The heater performs its own safety check and opens the main valve only after the igniter is proven to be capable of ignition.

6 Flashes

Internal fault; Replace control

16. After the 5-second countdown from TD1, and if there is closure across the stage 2 contacts, gas valve 2 and the stage 2 LED on the diagnostics panel are energized.

Table N: Ignition Module Diagnostic LED Codes

High Limit (Manual Reset) The heater is equipped with a manual reset high limit temperature device. Push the reset button and adjust the setting to 40 - 50°F above desired operating temperature.

Fig. 29: Ignition Module Fig. 30: High Limit (Manual Reset)

The standard ignition module will attempt to light three times before locking out. To reset it, turn off power to the heater, wait 30 seconds and re-apply power.

Flow Switch This dual-purpose control, mounted and wired in series with the main gas valve, shuts off heater in case of pump failure or low water flow.

The optional single-try ignition module will lock out after failing to light one time. To reset it, press and release the small, recessed black push button located inside of the cut-out on the lower right-hand corner of the ignition module case. Turning off the power to the heater WILL NOT reset the ignition module.

36

SECTION C: Installation

Fig. 31: Flow Switch Fig. 33: Low Water Cut-Off

Operating Control

High and Low Gas Pressure Switches

The heater may be equipped with different types of operating controls. Consult the individual control data sheets supplied with your heater paperwork. See Section B for safety precautions concerning domestic hot water applications.

The low gas pressure switch (optional) mounts upstream of the gas valve to ensure that sufficient gas pressure is present for proper regulator performance. The low gas pressure switch automatically shuts down the heater if gas supply drops below the factory setting of 4.0 in. WC for natural gas, and 8.0 in. WC for propane gas. The high gas pressure switch (optional) mounts downstream of the gas valve. If the gas pressure regulator fails, the high gas pressure switch automatically shuts down the burner.

Fig. 32: Operating Control

Low Water Cut-Off (Optional) The low water cut-off automatically shuts down the burner whenever water level drops below the level of the sensing probe. A 5-second time delay prevents premature lockout due to temporary conditions such as power fluctuations or air pockets. Fig. 34: High/Low Gas Pressure Switch

37

SECTION C: Installation

Fig. 35: Fan-Proving Switch

Fig. 36: Blocked Vent Switch

38

SECTION C: Installation

that a thermometer be placed into the boiler inlet piping next to the in/out header to facilitate temperature adjustment. Inlet water temperatures below 120ºF (49ºC) can excessively cool the products of combustion, resulting in condensation on the heat exchanger.

87%-Efficiency Boilers – Special Instructions NOTE: The 84%- (standard) and 87%-efficiency (optional) boilers are identical and are installed to the same requirements, except as noted in this section.

Venting

Water Piping

CAUTION: Proper installation of flue venting is critical for the safe and efficient operation of the boiler.

An 87%-efficiency boiler requires a minimum inlet water temperature of 120ºF (49ºC) to prevent excessive condensation in the combustion chamber. An 87%efficiency boiler operated with an inlet temperature of less than 120ºF (49ºC) must have a manual bypass or an approved low-temperature operation system to prevent problems with condensation. A manual bypass, shown in Fig. 14, must be piped into the system at the time of installation. This piping is like a primary/secondary boiler installation with a bypass in the secondary boiler piping. Raypak strongly recommends 10°F∆T

20°F∆T

Appliance Categories See Table O for appliance category requirements for the 87%-efficiency Hi Delta. Note: For additional information on appliance categorization, see appropriate code NFGC (U.S.) and B149.1 and .2 (Canada), or applicable local building codes. WARNING: Contact the vent material manufacturer if there are any questions about the appliance category or

30°F∆T

Min. Flow

Max Flow

Model No.

gpm

∆P (ft)

gpm

∆P (ft)

gpm

∆P (ft)

gpm

∆P (ft)

∆T

gpm

∆P (ft)

∆T

302AE

52

3.3

26

<1.0

N/A

N/A

20

<1.0

26

90

9.8

6

402AE

69

6.0

35

1.5

23

<1.0

20

<1.0

35

90

10.0

8

502AE

87

9.7

44

2.5

29

1.1

22

<1.0

40

90

10.4

10

652AE

N/A

N/A

57

4.4

38

2.0

28

1.1

40

90

10.8

13

752AE

N/A

N/A

65

6.1

44

2.8

33

1.6

40

90

11.3

15

902AE

N/A

N/A

78

8.9

52

4.1

39

2.3

40

90

11.7

17

Note: Basis for minimum flow is 20 gpm or 40°F ∆T. Basis for maximum flow is 90 gpm.

Table N: Heater Rate of Flow and Pressure Drop

Combustion Air Supply From Inside Building (Non-Direct Venting)

From Outside Building (Direct Venting)

Exhaust Configuration

Heater Venting Category

Certified Materials

Combustion Air Inlet Material

Vertical Natural Draft Venting

II

Stainless Steel (Gas Tight)

Horizontal Throughthe-Wall Venting

IV

AL29-4C

Vertical Natural Draft Venting

II

Stainless Steel (Gas Tight)

Galvanized Steel PVC

Horizontal Throughthe-Wall Venting

IV

AL29-4C

ABS CPVC

Table O: Category Determination for Venting Purpose and Venting Arrangement

39

SECTION C: Installation

suitability of a vent material for Category II, III or IV applications. Using improper venting materials can result in personal injury, death or property damage.

12. DO NOT extend exposed vent pipe outside of building. Condensate could freeze and block vent pipe.

Vent Terminal Location

Condensate Management

NOTICE: During winter months check the vent cap and make sure no blockage occurs from build-up of snow or ice.

Condensate must be routed from the condensate trap to an appropriate container for neutralization before disposal, as required by local codes.

1.

Condensate can freeze on the vent cap. Frozen condensate on the vent cap can result in a blocked flue condition.

Vertical Venting (Category II)

2.

Give special attention to the location of the vent termination to avoid possibility of property damage or personal injury.

3.

Gases may form a white vapor plume in winter. The plume could obstruct a window view if the termination is installed near windows.

4.

Prevailing winds, in combination with belowfreezing temperatures, can cause freezing of condensate and water/ice build-up on building, plants or roof.

5.

The bottom of the vent terminal and the air intake shall be located at least 12 in. above grade, including normal snow line.

6.

Un-insulated single-wall metal vent pipe shall NOT be used outdoors in cold climates for venting gas utilization equipment.

7.

Through-the-wall vents for Category II and IV appliances shall not terminate over public walkways or areas where condensate or vapor could create a nuisance or hazard, or be detrimental to the operation of regulators, relief valves or other equipment.

8.

Locate and guard vent termination to prevent accidental contact by people or pets.

9.

DO NOT terminate vent in window well, stairwell, alcove, courtyard or other recessed area, unless previously approved by local authority.

Note: When vertical height exceeds 25 ft, consult factory prior to installation.

Fig. 37: Vertical Venting (Category II)

CAUTION: A properly-sized listed vent cap terminal must be used to evacuate the flue products from the boilers.

Common Venting System Manifolds that connect more than one boiler to a common chimney must be engineered to handle the combined load. Consult available guides for proper sizing of the manifold and the chimney. At no time should the area of the vent be less than the area of the largest boiler exhaust outlet.

10. DO NOT terminate above any door, window, or gravity air intake. Condensate can freeze, causing ice formations. 11. Locate or guard vent to prevent condensate from damaging exterior finishes. Install a rust-resistant sheet metal backing plate against brick or masonry surfaces.

WARNING: Vent connectors serving appliances vented by natural draft shall not be connected into any

40

SECTION C: Installation

portion of mechanical draft systems operating under a positive pressure.

Each elbow used is equal to 10 ft of straight pipe. This will allow installation in one of the four following combinations:

Horizontal Through-the-Wall Venting (Category IV)

• • • •

70’ of straight flue pipe 60’ of straight flue pipe and one elbow 50’ of straight flue pipe and two elbows 40’ of straight pipe and three elbows

The vent cap is not considered in the overall length of the venting system. The vent must be installed to prevent flue gas leakage. Care must be taken during assembly to ensure that all joints are sealed properly and are airtight. The vent must be installed to prevent the potential accumulation of condensate in the vent pipes. It is recommended that:

Fig. 38: Horizontal Through-the-Wall Venting (Category IV)

1.

The vent must be installed with a slight upward slope of not more than 1/4 in per foot of horizontal run to the vent terminal.

2.

The vent must be insulated through the length of the horizontal run.

Installation These installations utilize the boiler-mounted blower to vent the combustion products to the outdoors. Combustion air is taken from inside the room and the vent is installed horizontally through the wall to the outdoors. Adequate combustion and ventilation air must be supplied to the mechanical room in accordance with the NFGC (U.S.) and B149.1 and .2 (Canada).

Common Venting System Common venting of Category IV systems is not allowed. WARNING: No substitutions of flue pipe or vent cap material are allowed. Such substitutions would jeopardize the safety and health of inhabitants.

The total length of the horizontal through-the-wall exhaust vent system should not exceed 70 ft in length. If horizontal run exceeds 70 ft, an appropriately sized extractor must be used. To maintain proper operation, pressure reading must be between -0.01 and -0.1 in. WC as measured 12 in. from the appliance flue outlet.

Model

Certified Venting Material

302AE

5”

402AE 502AE 652AE 752AE

Vent Size

6” Category II or IV 8”

902AE

The stainless steel direct vent cap must be furnished by the boiler manufacturer in accordance with its listing (sales order option D-15).

Maximum Equivalent Vent Length 70’ Room Air 40’ Ducted Combustion Air

Combustion Air Intake Pipe Material

Galvanized Steel, PVC, ABS, CPVC

* Subtract 10 ft per elbow. Max. 3 elbows. Maximum combustion air duct length terminated at 100 equivalent ft.

Table P: Category II and IV Venting

41

Air Inlet Max. Length* 6”

8”

100’

N/A

75’ 40’ 30’

100’

80’

SECTION C: Installation

Use only double-wall vent pipe and the special gas vent pipes listed for use with category II or IV gas burning boilers, such as the stainless steel Saf-T vent by Heat Fab Inc. (800-772-0739), Protech Systems Inc. (800766-3473), or Z-Flex (800-654-5600). Pipe joints must be positively sealed. Follow the vent manufacturer’s installation instructions carefully.

The vent must be installed to prevent the potential accumulation of condensate in the vent pipes. It is recommended that: 1.

The vent must be installed with a slight downward slope of not more than 1/4 inch per foot of horizontal run to the vent terminal.

2.

The vent must be insulated through the length of the horizontal run.

Direct Vent - Horizontal Through-the-Wall

For installations in extremely cold climate, it is recommended that: 1.

The vent must be installed with a slight upward slope of not more than 1/4 inch per foot of horizontal run to the vent terminal. In this case, an approved condensate trap must be installed per applicable codes.

2.

The intake vent must be insulated through the length of the horizontal run.

Common Venting System Common venting of Category IV systems is not allowed.

Fig. 39: Direct Vent - Horizontal Through-the-Wall

WARNING: No substitutions of flue pipe or vent cap material are allowed. Such substitutions would jeopardize the safety and health of inhabitants.

Installation These installations utilize the boiler-mounted blower to draw combustion air from outdoors and vent combustion products to the outdoors.

The stainless steel flue exhaust direct vent cap must be furnished by the boiler manufacturer in accordance with its listing (sales order option D-15).

The total length of the direct vent through-the-wall exhaust vent cannot exceed 40 ft in length for the flue outlet. Each elbow used is equal to 10 ft of straight pipe. This will allow installation in one of the three following combinations: • • •

Use only double-wall vent pipe and the special gas vent pipes listed for use with category II or IV gas burning boilers, such as the stainless steel Saf-T vent by Heat Fab Inc. (800-772-0739), Protech Systems Inc. (800766-3473), or Z-Flex (800-654-5600). Pipe joints must be positively sealed. Follow the vent manufacturer’s installation instructions carefully.

40’ of straight flue pipe 30’ of straight flue pipe and one elbow 20’ of straight flue pipe and two elbows

The total length air supply duct cannot exceed the distances listed. Each elbow used is equal to 10 ft of straight pipe. This will allow installation in one of the three following combinations: • • •

40’ of straight combustion air pipe 30’ of straight combustion air pipe and one elbow 20’ of straight combustion air pipe and two elbows

The flue exhaust direct vent cap is not considered in the overall length of the venting system. Care must be taken during assembly that all joints are sealed properly and are airtight.

42

SECTION C: Installation

Direct Vent - Vertical

Note: When vertical height exceeds 25 ft, consult factory prior to installation.

Fig. 40: Direct Vent - Vertical

Model

Certified Venting Material

302A

652A 752A

Vertical Venting Height* Min.

Max.

Combustion Air Intake Pipe Material

5”

402A 502A

Vent Size

6” Category II or IV

5’

25’

8”

Galvanized Steel, PVC, ABS, CPVC

Air Inlet Max. Length** 6”

8”

100’

N/A

75’ 40’

100’

902A * Vent lengths are based on a lateral length of 2 ft. Refer to the latest edition of the NFGC for further details. When vertical height exceeds 25 ft, consult factory prior to installation. ** Subtract 10 ft per elbow. Max. 3 elbows. Maximum combustion air duct length terminated at 100 equivalent ft.

Table Q: Category II or IV Vertical Venting

43

SECTION C: Installation

Wiring Diagram

44

SECTION D Start-up

Pre Start-up

WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS:

Filling System (Boilers)

• •

Fill system with water. Purge all air from the system. Lower system pressure. Open valves for normal system operation, and fill system through feed pressure. Manually open air vent on the compression tank until water appears, then close vent.

• • •

Air Purge (Water Heaters) Purge all air from system before lighting heater. This can normally be accomplished by opening a downstream valve.



Venting System Inspection 1.

Check all vent pipe connections and flue pipe material.

2.

Make sure vent terminations are installed per code and are clear of all debris or blockage.



Do not try to light any appliance. Do not touch any electrical switch; do not use any telephone in your building. Immediately call your gas supplier from a neighbor’s telephone. Follow the gas supplier’s instructions. If you cannot reach your gas supplier, call the fire department. Use only your hand to push in or turn the gas control knob. Never use tools. If the knob will not turn by hand, do not try to repair it, call a qualified service technician. Forced or attempted repair may result in a fire or explosion. Do not use this appliance if any part has been under water, immediately call a qualified service technician to inspect the appliance and to replace any part of the control system and any gas control which has been under water. Check around unit for debris and remove combustible products, i.e. gasoline, etc.

For Your Safety

Pre Start-up Check

WARNING: If you do not follow these instructions exactly, a fire or explosion may result causing property damage, personal injury or loss of life.

1.

Verify heater is filled with water.

2.

Check system piping for leaks. If found, repair immediately.

This appliance has a hot surface igniter. It is equipped with an ignition device which automatically lights the burners. Do not try to light the burners by hand.

3.

Vent air from system. Air in system can interfere with water circulation.

4.

Purge air from gas line up to heater.

BEFORE OPERATING, smell all around the appliance area for gas. Be sure to smell near the floor because some gas is heavier than air and will settle on the floor.

45

SECTION D: Start-up

Initial Start-up

Start-Up

Tools Needed

Blower Adjustment

• • • • •

(1) 12-0-12, 24” scale U-tube manometer (2) 6-0-6, 12” scale U-tube manometers (1) Screwdriver (1) Multi-meter (1) 3/16” Allen wrench

1.

Turn off power.

2.

Unplug cap at pressure switches and connect manometer(s) to the tee.

3.

Close all manual firing valves.

NOTICE: Digital manometers are not recommended.

4.

Turn power on.

WARNING: Do not turn on gas at this time.

5.

Check manometers attached to fan pressure switch. The reading should be 1.4 ± .1 in. WC for propane gas and natural gas. If not, adjust the air shutter on the blowers to attain the correct value.

6.

Turn power off.

7.

Reconnect this cap.

Check Power Supply With multi-meter at incoming power, check voltage: Hot - Common (≈120 VAC) Hot - Ground (≈120 VAC) Common - Ground (< 1 VAC)

Main Burner Adjustment

WARNING: If Common - Ground is > 1 VAC, STOP: Contact electrician to correct ground failure. Failure to do this may burn out 120V-24V transformer, or may cause other safety control damage or failure.

Attach Manometers to Measure Pressures

1.

Turn off unit.

2.

Open manual firing valves.

3.

Turn on the unit, wait 15 seconds, and the igniter should glow. Look into sight glass located at each end of the heater to check igniter operation. Gas valves should open in 45-60 seconds.

1.

Turn off main gas valve.

2.

Attach 24” scale manometer to the first main gas shut-off valve pressure tapping.

4.

If burner does not light on first trial. It will retry, up to three times.

3.

Attach (1) 12” scale manometer to the outlet side of the second main gas shut-off valve pressure tapping.

5.

4.

Attach (1) 12” scale manometer near the fanproving switch. Pull black cap from air pressure switch tee and connect the manometer. NOTE: Retain caps for reinstallation later.

Main burner ignition: Check manifold gas pressure at gas valve outlet pressure tap. This should read 3.5 ± 0.1 in. WC for natural gas and 10.5 ± 0.1 in. WC for propane gas.

6.

If the pressure reading differs by more than ± 0.1 in. WC, remove screw cover from the gas pressure regulator and adjust main burner manifold pressure. Replace the screw cover. Repeat steps 2 to 5 on other valves as necessary.

Check Gas Supply Pressure 1.

Slowly turn on main gas shut-off valve.

2.

Read the gas supply pressure from the manometer; minimum supply pressure for natural gas is 5.0 in. WC, recommended supply is 7.0 in. WC, minimum supply pressure for propane gas is 11.0 in. WC (dynamic readings, all stages firing).

CAUTION: Special manifold and air settings may be required. Verify rating plate and blower housing.

Safety Inspection 1.

Replace main gas manifold adjustment cap.

3.

If the pressure is > 14.0 in. WC, turn off the valve.

2.

Check all thermostats and high limit settings.

4.

Check if the service regulator is installed and/or adjust the service regulator.

3.

During the following safety checks leave manometers hooked up, check and record.

46

SECTION D: Start-up

4.

If other gas-fired appliances in the room are on the same gas main, check all pressures on the Hi Delta with all other equipment running.

5.

Check thermostats for ON-OFF operation.

6.

Check high limits for ON-OFF operation.

7.

While in operation, check flow switch operation

8.

Check the low gas pressure switch. (For proper adjustment, use the attached manometers, if available, to set pressure. The scales on the switch are approximate only.) Low gas pressure switch must be set at 4.0 in. WC for natural gas and 8.0 in. WC for propane gas.

9.

Make sure that the high gas pressure switch (optional) is set to 1.0 in. WC above manifold pressure.

Turn heater on. After main burner ignition:

2.

Cycle heater several times and re-check readings

3.

Remove all manometers and replace caps and screws.

4.

Replace all gas pressure caps.

5.

Check for gas leaks one more time.

2.

Turn on electrical power and adjust thermostat to call for heat.

3.

Wait for completion of ignition sequence to light burner section being utilized as a pilot for those turned off in step 1 above.

4.

Gradually reduce manifold pressure (flame) on supervised burner section by slowly closing manual gas valve. Watch for shut-down due to loss of supervised flame signal as pressure is being reduced. Flame signal should be lost before manifold pressure goes below 2.0 in. WC for natural gas and 6.0 in. WC for propane gas.

Proper leak testing requires three pressure test points in the gas train. Test point A is upstream of the automatic gas valve. On the first automatic valve, this is a bleedle valve. On the other valves, this is a plugged port. The bleedle valve on the first valve may be used for all the other valves as well.

Safety checks must be recorded as performed.

Check manometer for proper reading.

Turn off manual valves on non-supervised burner sections.

Leak Test Procedure: Dual-Seat Gas Valves

Follow-Up

1.

1.

Test point B is a bleedle valve located between the two automatic gas valve seats. Test point C is located downstream of both automatic gas valve seats and upstream of the manual valve. On the manual valve, this is a bleedle valve. Identical readings will be found at the plugged port labeled as Alternate C.

Pilot Turn-Down Test

Refer to Fig. 41. The numbers on the diagram refer to the steps below:

The Hi Delta heaters, depending on their size, have one to three burner sections. Each burner section is supplied gas by gas valves incorporated into a single valve body. A maximum of three burner sections may be controlled by a single hot surface ignition system. The middle of the three burner sections is ignited directly with a hot surface ignition system.

These tests are to be conducted with the electrical power to the heater turned off.

The burner section that is ignited directly by the hot surface ignition system serves as a supervised pilot to light the burner sections on either side of it. The burner sections on either side of the supervised section (pilot) are electrically interlocked with the supervised ignition system so as they are not energized unless flame is proven on the center section which is acting as a pilot to light the right- and left-hand sections. The pilot turn-down test is conducted as follows:

47

1.

Manually close the downstream leak test valve.

2.

Open test point A and connect a manometer to it. Verify that there is gas pressure and that it is within the proper range (NOTE: must not exceed 14.0 in. WC).

3.

Open test point B and connect a rubber tube to it. Connect the other end of the tube to a manometer and look for a build-up of pressure. Increasing pressure indicates a leaking gas valve.

4.

Next, close the upstream manual gas valve and remove the manometer from test point A and from test point B. Connect a rubber tube from test point

SECTION D: Start-up

A to test point B and open the upstream manual gas valve. Make sure that test points A & B have been opened so as to allow gas to flow. This will bring pressure to the second valve seat. 5.

Open test point C and connect a second rubber tube to it. Connect the other end of the tube to a manometer and look for a build-up of pressure. Increasing pressure indicates a leaking gas valve.

6.

Remove rubber tube and manometers. Close each test point valve as the tubes are removed.

7.

Connect a manometer to each test point (one at a time) and look for a build-up of pressure. If a build-up of pressure is detected, check each test point valve to see if it is tightly closed. If leak persists, replace test point valve(s).

8.

After no leakage has been verified at all valve seats and test valves, open downstream leak tests valve and restore electrical power to heater.

This completes leak testing for a single Hi Delta manifold riser. Repeat steps 1-8 for each riser.

4.

Verify that air has been purged from the gas piping, and that the piping has been checked for leaks.

5.

Confirm that the proper start-up procedures were followed.

6.

Inspect burner to verify flame.

7.

Test safety controls: If heater is equipped with a low water cut-off or additional safety controls, test for operation as outlined by manufacturer. Burner should be operating and should go off when controls are tested. When safety devices are restored, burners should re-ignite after pre-purge time delay.

8.

Test limit control: While burner is operating, move indicator on high limit control below actual water temperature. Burner should go off while blower and circulator continue to operate. Raise setting on limit control above water temperature and burner should re-ignite after pre-purge time delay.

9.

Test ignition system safety device: a. b. c.

d. e.

Turn on manual gas valve. Turn power on. Set thermostat to call for heat. When the heater is in operation, pull cap off of tee in air switch hose. The burner should go off immediately. Wait 5 minutes. Reattach cap on tee. Burner should re-ignite after pre-purge time delay.

10. To restart system, follow lighting instructions in Section E. 11. Check to see that the high limit control is set above the design temperature requirements of the system. For multiple zones: Check to make sure the flow is adjusted as required in each zone. 12. Check that the heater is cycled with the thermostat. Raise to the highest setting and verify that the heater goes through the normal start-up cycle. Reduce to the lowest setting and verify that the heater goes off.

Fig. 41: Leak Test

13. Observe several operating cycles for proper operation.

Post Start-Up Check Check off steps as completed: 1.

Verify that the heater and heat distribution units or storage tank are filled with water.

2.

Confirm that the automatic air vent (if used) was opened two full turns during the venting procedure.

3.

Verify that air has been purged from the system.

14. Set the room thermostat or tankstat to desired temperature. 15. Review all instructions shipped with this heater with owner or maintenance person, return to envelope and give to owner or place the instructions inside front panel on heater.

48

SECTION E Operation

12. If heater fails to start, verify the following:

Lighting Instructions 1.

Before lighting, make sure you have read all of the safety information in this manual.

a.

There are no loose connections or that the service switch is off.

2.

Set the thermostat to the lowest setting.

b.

High temperature limit switch is set above water temperature.

3.

Turn off all electrical power to the appliance.

c.

Thermostat is set above room temperature.

4.

This appliance is equipped with an ignition device which automatically lights the burner. Do not try to light the burner by hand.

d.

Gas is on at the meter and the heater.

e.

Incoming gas pressure to the gas valve is NOT less than 5.0 in. WC for natural gas, 11.0 in. WC for propane gas.

5.

Remove upper front panel.

6.

Turn on main manual gas valve.

7.

Wait 5 minutes to clear out any gas. Then smell for gas, especially near the floor. If you then smell gas, STOP! Follow the steps in the safety information on the front cover of this manual. If you do not smell gas, go to next step.

To Turn Off Gas To Appliance

8. 9.

1.

Set the thermostat to lowest setting.

2.

Turn off all electrical power to the appliance if service is to be performed.

Turn on all electrical power to the appliance.

3.

Remove upper front panels.

Set thermostat to desired setting. The appliance will operate. The igniter will glow after the prepurge time delay (15 seconds). After igniter reaches temperature (45 seconds) the main valve will open. System will try for ignition three times. If flame is not sensed, lockout will commence.

4.

Turn off main manual gas valve.

5.

Replace access panel.

10. If the appliance will not operate, follow the instructions “To Turn Off Gas To Appliance,” and call your service technician or gas supplier. 11. Replace access panel.

49

SECTION D: Start-up

50

SECTION F Troubleshooting Turn off gas supply.

Turn thermostat (controller) to call-for-heat

Is there 24 VAC nominal power to the module?

No

Check line voltage power, low-voltage transformer, limit controller, controller and wiring

No

Check AMP draw at ignition module. If less than 3.1 AMP, replace HSI.

Yes Is the HSI glowing (120 VAC at S1)? Yes Turn gas supply on • Is the Stage 1 light on?

No

• •

Verify that all manual gas valves are open, and supply tubing and pressures are good. Check ignition module for lockout (3 flashes). If module is locked out, reset it. Check for 24 VAC at Pins 5 and 6 of ignition module; if voltage is okay, replace gas valve.

Yes • • Does the system run until call-forheat ends?

Check continuity of remote flame sensor wire. Check that flame covers flame sensor and is steady and blue. Check for overdrafting of vent Check for safety lockout Check for EMS signal If safety lockout or overdraft, determine reason and correct

No

• • • •

No

Check for proper controller operation; Remove lead from Pin 5 of ignition module; If valve closes, re-check temperature controller and wiring; if not replace gas valve.

Yes Call-for-heat ends

Did the system shut off? Yes Troubleshooting ends

51

SECTION F: Troubleshooting

52

SECTION G Maintenance

Suggested Minimum Maintenance Schedule

1.

Visually check top of vent for soot. Call service person to clean. Some sediment at bottom of vent is normal.

Regular service by a qualified service agency and maintenance must be performed to ensure maximum operating efficiency.

2.

Visually inspect venting system for proper function, deterioration or leakage.

3.

Check that area is free from combustible materials, gasoline, and other flammable vapors and liquids.

4.

Check for and remove any obstruction to the flow of combustion or ventilation air to heater.

5.

Follow pre-start-up check in Section D.

6.

Visually inspect burner flame. It should be light blue. Remove and visually inspect hot surface igniter and sensor for damage, cracking or debris build-up.

7.

Check operation of safety devices. Refer to manufacturers’ instructions.

8.

Follow oil-lubricating instructions on circulator if required. Over-oiling will damage circulator. Water-lubricated circulators do not need oiling.

9.

To avoid potential of severe burn, DO NOT REST HANDS ON OR GRASP PIPES. Use a light touch; return piping will heat up quickly.

Maintenance as outlined below may be performed by the owner.

Daily 1.

2.

Check that the area where the heater is installed is free from combustible materials, gasoline, and other flammable vapors and liquids. Check for and remove any obstruction to the flow of combustion or ventilation air to heater.

Monthly 1.

Check for piping leaks around circulators, mixing valves, relief valves, and other fittings. If found, repair at once. DO NOT use petroleum-based stopleak compounds.

2.

Visually inspect burner flame.

3.

Visually inspect venting system for proper function, deterioration or leakage.

4.

Check air vents for leakage.

10. Check blower and blower motor. 11. Check for piping leaks around circulators, relief valves and other fittings. Repair, if found. DO NOT use petroleum-based stop-leak.

Yearly

12. Clean air filter.

At the beginning of each heating season, schedule a service call with a qualified service agency.

53

SECTION G: Maintenance

Periodically

Semi-Annually

1.

Check relief valve. Refer to manufacturer’s instructions on valve.

1.

Recalibrate all indicating and recording gauges.

2.

2.

Test low water cut-off, if used. Refer to manufacturer’s instructions.

Check flame failure detection system components. (See Pilot Turn-Down Test Procedure, page 47.)

3.

3.

Clean screen and air filter in intake.

Check firing rate control by checking the manifold pressure. (See “Main Burner Adjustment” on page 46.)

4.

Check piping and wiring of all interlocks and shutoff valves.

5.

Inspect burners.

Preventive Maintenance Schedule The following is required procedure in CSD-1 states and good practice for all Hi Delta installations.

Annually

Daily 1.

Check gauges, monitors and indicators.

2.

Check instrument and equipment settings. (See “Post Start-Up Check” on page 48.)

3.

Check burner flame. (Should see light blue flame).

1.

Test flame failure detection system and pilot turndown. (See Pilot Turn-Down Test on page 47.)

2.

Test high limit and operating temperature. (See “Post Start-Up Check,” page 48.)

3.

Check flame sensors.

4.

Conduct a combustion test at full fire. Carbon dioxide should be 7.5 to 8.5% at full fire for natural gas, and between 9.2 to 9.8% for propane gas; Carbon monoxide should be < 150 ppm).

5.

Check coils for 60 cycle hum or buzz. Check for leaks at all valve fittings using a soapy water solution. Test other operating parts of all safety shutoff and control valves and increase or decrease settings (depending on the type of control) until the safety circuit opens. Reset to original setting after each device is tested.

6.

Perform leakage test on gas valves. (See Fig. 41.)

7.

Test air switch in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions. (Turn panel switch to the “On” position until blower is proven, then turn the switch to “Off.”

Weekly For low-pressure heaters, test low-water cut-off device. (With at least one stage of the appliance on, depress the low water cut-off test button, appliance should shut-off and ignition fault light should come on. Depress reset button to reset). 1.

Check igniter. (Resistance reading should be 4270 ohms at ambient temperature.)

2.

Check flame signal strength. (Flame signal should be greater than 1 microamp).

3.

Check flame failure detection system. (See “Post Start-Up Check” on page 48.)

4.

Check firing rate control by checking the manifold pressure. (See “Main Burner Adjustment” on page 46.)

5.

Make auditory and visual check of main fuel valves.

As Required 1.

Recondition or replace low water cut-off device (if equipped).

Monthly

2.

Check drip leg and gas strainers.

1.

Check flue, vent, stack, or outlet dampers.

3.

2.

Test fan air pressure. (See “Blower Adjustment” on page 46.)

Perform flame failure detection and pilot turndown tests.

4.

Test safety/safety relief valves in accordance with ASME Heater and Pressure Vessel Code Sections VI and VII.

3.

Test high and low gas pressure interlocks (if equipped). (See “Safety Inspection” on page 46.)

54

SECTION H Appendix

Inside Air Contamination



All heaters experience some condensation during startup. The condensate from flue gas is acidic. Combustion air can be contaminated by certain vapors in the air which raise the acidity of the condensate. Higher acidity levels attack many materials including stainless steel, which is commonly used in high efficiency systems. The heater can be supplied with corrosionresistant, non-metallic intake air vent material. You may, however, choose to use outside combustion air for one or more of these reasons:

• •

1.

Installation is in an area containing contaminants listed below which will induce acidic condensation.

2.

You want to reduce infiltration into your building through openings around windows and doors.

3.

You are using AL29-4C stainless steel vent pipe, which is more corrosion-resistant than standard metallic vent pipe. In extremely contaminated areas, this may also experience deterioration.

Areas where contaminated combustion air commonly exists: • • • • • • • • • • •

dry cleaning/laundry areas metal fabrication plants beauty shops refrigeration repair shops photo processing plants auto body shops plastic manufacturing plants furniture refinishing areas and establishments new building construction remodeling areas open pit skimmers.

Check for areas and products listed above before installing heater. If found: • •

Products causing contaminated combustion air: • • • • • • • • • • •

chloride-type bleaches, detergents, and cleaning solvents found in household laundry rooms adhesives used to fasten building products similar products.

spray cans containing chloro/fluorocarbons permanent wave solutions chlorinated waxes/cleaners chlorine-based swimming pool chemicals calcium chloride used for thawing sodium chloride used for water softening refrigerant leaks paint or varnish removers hydrochloric acid/muriatic acid cements and glues antistatic fabric softeners used in clothes dryers

55

remove products permanently, OR install TruSeal direct vent.

LIMITED PARTS WARRANTY HI DELTA – TYPES H AND WH MODELS 302A–902A SCOPE Raypak, Inc. (“Raypak”) warrants to the original owner that all parts of this heater which are actually manufactured by Raypak will be free from failure under normal use and service for the specified warranty periods and subject to the conditions set forth in this Warranty. Labor charges and other costs for parts removal or reinstallation, shipping and transportation are not covered by this Warranty but are the owner’s responsibility.

HEAT EXCHANGER WARRANTY Domestic Hot Water Five (5) years from date of heater installation. Includes copper heat exchanger with bronze and cast iron waterways. Ten (10) years from date of heater installation. Includes only cupro-nickel heat exchanger with bronze or cast iron waterways. Space Heating (Closed Loop System) Ten (10) years from date of heater installation. Includes both cupro-nickel and copper heat exchanger with bronze or cast iron waterways. Thermal Shock Warranty Twenty (20) years from date of heater installation against “Thermal Shock” (excluded, however, if caused by heater operation at large changes exceeding 150°F between the water temperature at intake and heater temperature, or operating at heater temperatures exceeding 230°F).

ANY OTHER PART MANUFACTURED BY RAYPAK One (1) year warranty from date of heater installation, or eighteen (18) months from date of factory shipment based on Raypak’s records, whichever comes first. SATISFACTORY PROOF OF INSTALLATION DATE, SUCH AS INSTALLER INVOICE, IS REQUIRED. THIS WARRANTY WILL BE VOID IF THE HEATER RATING PLATE IS ALTERED OR REMOVED.

ADDITIONAL WARRANTY EXCLUSIONS This warranty does not cover failures or malfunctions resulting from: 1. Failure to properly install, operate or maintain the heater in accordance with our printed instructions provided; 2. Abuse, alteration, accident, fire, flood and the like; 3. Sediment or lime build-up, freezing, or other conditions causing inadequate water circulation; 4. High velocity flow exceeding heater design rates; 5. Failure of connected systems devices, such as pump or controller; 6. Use of non-factory authorized accessories or other components in conjunction with the heater system; 7. Failing to eliminate air from, or replenish water in, the connected water system; 8. Chemical contamination of combustion air or use of chemical additives to water.

PARTS REPLACEMENT Under this Warranty, Raypak will furnish a replacement for any failed part. The failed part must first be returned to Raypak if requested, with transportation charges prepaid, and all applicable warranty conditions found satisfied. The replacement part will be warranted for only the unexpired portion of the original warranty. Raypak makes no warranty whatsoever on parts not manufactured by it, but Raypak will apply any such warranty as may be provided to it by the parts manufacturer.

TO MAKE WARRANTY CLAIM Promptly notify the original installer, supplying the model and serial numbers of the unit, date of installation and description of the problem. The installer must then notify his Raypak distributor for instructions regarding the claim. If either is not available, contact Service Manager, Raypak, Inc., 2151 Eastman Avenue, Oxnard, CA 93030 or call (805) 278-5300. In all cases proper authorization must first be received from Raypak before replacement of any part.

EXCLUSIVE WARRANTY - LIMITATION OF LIABILITY This is the only warranty given by Raypak. No one is authorized to make any other warranties on Raypak’s behalf. THIS WARRANTY IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. RAYPAK’S SOLE LIABILITY AND THE SOLE REMEDY AGAINST RAYPAK WITH RESPECT TO DEFECTIVE PARTS SHALL BE AS PROVIDED IN THIS WARRANTY. IT IS AGREED THAT RAYPAK SHALL HAVE NO LIABILITY, WHETHER UNDER THIS WARRANTY, OR IN CONTRACT, TORT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE, FOR ANY SPECIAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGE, INCLUDING DAMAGE FROM WATER LEAKAGE. Some states do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, or for the exclusion of incidental or consequential damages. So the above limitation or exclusion may not apply to you. This Limited Warranty gives you specific legal rights. You may also have other rights which may vary from state to state. We suggest that you complete the information below and retain this certificate in the event warranty service is needed. Reasonable proof of the effective date of the warranty (date of installation) must be presented, otherwise, the effective date will be based on the rate of manufacture plus thirty (30) days.

Original Owner

Model Number

Mailing Address

Serial Number Date of Installation

City Daytime Telephone Number

State

Zip Code

Installation Site Contractor/Installer

RAYPAK, INC y 2151 Eastman Avenue y Oxnard, CA 93030-9786 y (805) 278-5300 y Fax (800) 872-9725 y www.raypak.com

LIMITED PARTS WARRANTY HI DELTA – TYPE P MODELS 302A–902A SCOPE Raypak, Inc. (“Raypak”) warrants to the original owner that all parts of this heater which are actually manufactured by Raypak will be free from failure under normal use and service for the specified warranty periods and subject to the conditions set forth in this Warranty. Labor charges and other costs for parts removal or reinstallation, shipping and transportation are not covered by this Warranty but are the owner’s responsibility.

HEAT EXCHANGER WARRANTY Five (5) years from date of heater installation. Includes cupo-nickel heat exchanger with bronze and cast iron waterways. Ten (10) years from date of heater installation. Includes only cupro-nickel heat exchanger with bronze or cast iron waterways. Thermal Shock Warranty Twenty (20) years from date of heater installation against “Thermal Shock” (excluded, however, if caused by heater operation at large changes exceeding 150°F between the water temperature at intake and heater temperature, or operating at heater temperatures exceeding 230°F).

ANY OTHER PART MANUFACTURED BY RAYPAK One (1) Year warranty from date of heater installation, or eighteen (18) months from date of factory shipment based on Raypak’s records, whichever comes first. SATISFACTORY PROOF OF INSTALLATION DATE, SUCH AS INSTALLER INVOICE, IS REQUIRED. THIS WARRANTY WILL BE VOID IF THE HEATER RATING PLATE IS ALTERED OR REMOVED.

ADDITIONAL WARRANTY EXCLUSIONS This warranty does not cover failures or malfunctions resulting from: 1. Failure to properly install, operate or maintain the heater in accordance with our printed instructions provided; 2. Abuse, alteration, accident, fire, flood and the like; 3. Sediment or lime build-up, freezing, or other conditions causing inadequate water circulation; 4. High velocity flow exceeding heater design rates; 5. Failure of connected systems devices, such as pump or controller; 6. Use of non-factory authorized accessories or other components in conjunction with the heater system; 7. Chemical contamination of combustion air or use of chemical additives to water. 8. Misuse or neglect, including but not limited to freeze-ups, operating the heater with cabinet door off, having flow restrictions or obstructions between the heater outlet and pool/spa or not maintaining proper chemical balance (pH level must be between 7.2 and 7.8 and total alkalinity between 100 and 150 PPM. Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) must be no greater than 2500 PPM).

PARTS REPLACEMENT Under this Warranty, Raypak will furnish a replacement for any failed part. The failed part must first be returned to Raypak if requested, with transportation charges prepaid, and all applicable warranty conditions found satisfied. The replacement part will be warranted for only the unexpired portion of the original warranty. Raypak makes no warranty whatsoever on parts not manufactured by it, but Raypak will apply any such warranty as may be provided to it by the parts manufacturer.

TO MAKE WARRANTY CLAIM Promptly notify the original installer, supplying the model and serial numbers of the unit, date of installation and description of the problem. The installer must then notify his Raypak distributor for instructions regarding the claim. If either is not available, contact Service Manager, Raypak, Inc., 2151 Eastman Avenue, Oxnard, CA 93030 or call (805) 278-5300. In all cases proper authorization must first be received from Raypak before replacement of any part.

EXCLUSIVE WARRANTY - LIMITATION OF LIABILITY This is the only warranty given by Raypak. No one is authorized to make any other warranties on Raypak’s behalf. THIS WARRANTY IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. RAYPAK’S SOLE LIABILITY AND THE SOLE REMEDY AGAINST RAYPAK WITH RESPECT TO DEFECTIVE PARTS SHALL BE AS PROVIDED IN THIS WARRANTY. IT IS AGREED THAT RAYPAK SHALL HAVE NO LIABILITY, WHETHER UNDER THIS WARRANTY, OR IN CONTRACT, TORT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE, FOR ANY SPECIAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGE, INCLUDING DAMAGE FROM WATER LEAKAGE. Some states do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, or for the exclusion of incidental or consequential damages. So the above limitation or exclusion may not apply to you. This Limited Warranty gives you specific legal rights. You may also have other rights which may vary from state to state. We suggest that you complete the information below and retain this certificate in the event warranty service is needed. Reasonable proof of the effective date of the warranty (date of installation) must be presented, otherwise, the effective date will be based on the rate of manufacture plus thirty (30) days.

Original Owner

Model Number

Mailing Address

Serial Number Date of Installation

City Daytime Telephone Number

State

Zip Code

Installation Site Contractor/Installer

RAYPAK, INC y 2151 Eastman Avenue y Oxnard, CA 93030-9786 y (805) 278-5300 y Fax (800) 872-9725 y www.raypak.com

www.raypak.com

Raypak, Inc., 2151 Eastman Avenue, Oxnard, CA 93030 (805) 278-5300 Fax (805) 278-5468 Raypak Canada Limited, 2805 Slough St., Mississauga, Ontario, Canada L4T 1G2 (905) 677-7999 Fax (905) 677-8036 Litho in U.S.A.

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Raypak Hi Delta Hot Water Boiler- 9 HP - Genemco

Raypak Hi Delta Hot Water Boiler- 9 HP Mfg: Raypak Stock No. SPPP289B.6 Model: H3-302A Serial No. 9904158613 Raypak Hi Delta Hot Water Boiler- 9 HP...

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