Leadership in Publishing - Publishing Perspectives

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GLOBAL PUBLISHING MAGAZINE | JULY 2015

CAROLYN REIDY CEO, Simo n & Schust er Interview o n page 26

INSIDE:

e: Preview Guid ok Fair Frankfurt Bo 15 14-18 Oct. 20 Pages 11-22

Leadership in Publishing Women | Diversity | Management | Careers

PLUS: Global publishing trends & international market snapshots

FROM THE EDITOR

Why Leadership is Like Literature BY EDWARD NAWOTKA, EDITOR-IN-CHIEF THIS ISSUE OF Publishing Perspectives focuses on the topic of leadership in publishing. Leadership is one of those words that is difficult to define, but you know it when you see it. We look at a range of topics, from the challenges faced by women in leadership roles (just 14% of all senior executive jobs in the US are held by women, according to research firm Catalyst), to diversity in publishing, how to manage creative teams, whether we are all future freelancers, and how mentors can affect our careers. Leadership was a particularly appropriate subject for 2015. At the Frankfurt Book Fair, Director Juergen Boos has led the fair to rethink its mission over the past decade, which has seen a shift in empha-

sis from books to stories. Here, he talks about his role as a “curator,” bringing the best the world has to offer to Germany each year. To better foster the relationships between the exhibitors, the Fair has closed Hall 8 for 2015 and brought the English-language publishing community into closer proximity with the rest of the Fair. It’s a bold move that will not only be more convenient (less walking!) but will facilitate stronger relationships. In this respect, leadership is like the best literature: it has a light touch that doesn’t call attention to itself and is often recognized and respected only well after its work is done. Look at two different publishers that are both celebrating key anniversaries this year: New York’s esteemed Knopf turned 100, while Toronto’s boutique Coach House Books turned 50.

In its centenary year, Knopf is led by Sonny Mehta, the publisher’s third Editor-in-Chief, following the tenure of its founder, Alfred A. Knopf, and Robert Gottlieb. Mehta, who was born in India, has been the quiet, powerful force that continues to balance the firm’s world-class literary list with more commercial fare, such as Grey from E.L. James and the forthcoming continuation of the Millennium series, The Girl in the Spider’s Web. Meanwhile, at tiny Coach House, founder Stan Bevington still maintains an office at the publisher (which houses its own twin Heidelberg printing presses), while Editorial Director Alana Wilcox oversees daily operations. Wilcox is putting her faith this fall in The Xenotext: Book 1, the long-awaited book by conceptual poet Christian Bök, and Pillow, a debut novel by Andrew Battershill about a boxer

Edward Nawotka

working for a crime syndicate run by André Breton’s Surrealists, to bolster the bottom line. Two very different publishers, two very different lists, two different definitions of success. But both require leadership with vision. And each will be respected and remembered for the fine books they produced. Yes, leadership, like literature: it may be hard to define, but you know it when you see it. •

Inside This Issue: On Leadership in Publishing: 2 From the Editor: Why Leadership is Like Literature 23 Diversity in Publishing 24 Leaning In—In Publishing 26 On Being a Woman in Publishing 30 On Managing Creative People in Publishing 31 In the Future, Will We All Be Freelancers? Global Publishing Trends: 6 Snapshots from Around the Book World 8 7 International Markets to Watch 10 Sponsored: Translation Grants in Sharjah People in Publishing: 3 Ken Follett: Pixels of the Earth 4 Juergen Boos: Connecting Frankfurt to the World 28 Rachel Mills: Literary Agent as Ambassador 2015 Frankfurt Book Fair Preview Guide: 12 News & Updates from the Fair 14 Quiz: What’s Your Business Personality? 15 Interview: Diane Spivey on Selling Rights 16 Map: New Hall Layout 2015 18 Digital Innovation at the Hot Spots 19 Indonesian Authors in Frankfurt 20 STM & Education in Hall 4.2 21 Where to Eat in Frankfurt

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PUBLISHING PERSPECTIVES / GLOBAL OVERVIEW 2015

Publishing Perspectives, “the BBC of the book world,” is an online trade journal for the international publishing industry. With a network of correspondents and publishing experts who live and work around the world, we offer coverage of global markets and companies, along with deeper insight into the business of publishing and writing. Read and subscribe at publishingperspectives.com Like us on Facebook.com/pubperspectives Follow us on Twitter @pubperspectives Email us at [email protected]

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Publisher: Hannah Johnson Editor-in-Chief: Edward Nawotka Business Development: Erin L. Cox Contributors to this issue: Lucy Abrahams Jaraslow Adamowski Carlo Carrenho Nicolas Gary Eugene Gerden Nathan Hull

Leonardo Neto Mark Piesing Olivia Snaije Laura Summers Roger Tagholm

INTERVIEW: KEN FOLLET

THE DRAMA SURROUNDING the building of a cathedral in 12th-century England doesn’t immediately lend itself to being adapted into a video game. But that is exactly what Hamburg’s Daedalic Entertainment—which has produced video games based on everything from Shakespeare’s plays to climate change—is now doing with Ken Follett’s blockbuster 1989 novel, The Pillars of the Earth. “It has been exciting and interesting to see these guys take my story and pick elements from it and turn it into a game where the player can take on the role of one of the characters that sprung from my imagination” says Follett, who spoke with Publishing Perspectives by phone from his office in the UK. It’s not the first time Follett has seen the book adapted. Pillars has served as the basis for a number of films, TV shows, and board games. “In my stories, it is always clear who is fighting whom and who is on whose side. I don’t try to create an atmosphere in expense of the plot,” he explains. “In the game, people were able to see this. When they examined the story, they saw there are constant conflicts that take place and decisions that have to be made. They were able to see how those conflicts form the basis of a game quite quickly.” The deal to adapt the book was brokered by Follett’s German publisher, Bastei Lübbe, after it purchased a controlling interest in Daedalic in May 2014. Plans are in place to release the game in 2017

Pixels of the Earth Ken Follett discusses how his blockbuster novel, Pillars of the Earth, is being turned into a video game. By Edward Nawotka to coincide with the publication of Follett’s new novel, a 16th-century international spy thriller set in Kingsbridge, like Pillars and its 2007 sequel, World Without End. Still, Pillars should have enough brand recognition to stand on its own and attract curious fans and gamers: it is one of the bestselling novels of all time in Germany and has sold more than 25 million copies around the world. Follett knows that this won’t necessarily translate into more sales. “There is always a risk, especially when one takes a book and transforms it,” he says. “The author is never completely comfortable when someone takes hold of the story and tells it again. We are always anxious about that process because I, as the author, have gone through so much trouble to make sure the story is logical in the plot, that there are not any holes in the story.” That said, he opted not to contribute to the game script. “I have

been through this process before with television and film people; the people at Daedalic are the experts, and it wouldn’t be smart for me to tell them what to do.” And though Follett, who is 66, says he hasn’t played a video game since Pong “in the 1970s,” he is nevertheless excited by what he’s seen so far. “I hadn’t thought much about the artistic depiction of the characters,” he says. “It was surprising when Daedalic sent me the artwork for how the characters would look. They have drawn these characters at different ages, because the book spans a half a century and many of these characters first appear as young people and grow older. So, they become a little heavier and their hair begins to go grey and they will be little less upright. It turns out that it feels a bit like when an actor is cast in one of the films or TV series, and I think, ‘that is not quite how I pictured them’ but then it turns out just great.” •

“I have been through this process before with television and film people; the people at Daedalic are the experts, and it wouldn’t be smart for me to tell them what to do.” Ken Follett

Ken Follett at the Frankfurt Book Fair: Thursday, 15 October 2015 10:00–11:00 a.m. Room Dimension Business Club ticket required

Ken Follett at the Frankfurt Book Fair 2014 © Peter Hirth / Frankfurter Buchmesse

PUBLISHING PERSPECTIVES / GLOBAL OVERVIEW 2015

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INTERVIEW: JUERGEN BOOS

A Curator Connecting Frankfurt to the World “I am constantly traveling the world to interact with the best people and find the best content and exhibitors for our Fair, be they publishers, service providers, or creators.” Juergen Boos

THE FRANKFURT BOOK Fair has long surpassed being an event exclusively about books. “My job is a bit like being the curator of something like the Venice Biennale,” says Juergen Boos, director of the Frankfurt Book Fair. “I am constantly traveling the world to interact with the best people and find the best content and exhibitors for our Fair, be they publishers, service providers, or creators. As I expand my network, the network of the fair expands.” You can think of Boos as the book world’s version of super art curator Hans Ulrich Obrist. With his trusty, but battered aluminum Rimowa suitcase in hand, you’re just as likely to run into Boos at an event in Buenos Aires or Beijing, London or Lima, where he is a sought-after speaker and expert on global publishing and media trends. In fact, you’re more likely to find him abroad than in Frankfurt itself, as he spends more than half his year on the road. He notes that several things are consistent across all of his travels. “When it comes down to it, every4

Juergen Boos gives an interview at the Turin Book Fair © Fabio Melotti

Frankfurt Book Fair director Juergen Boos spends much of the year traveling to ensure that the best the world has to offer is represented in Germany each October. By Edward Nawotka one’s business may be global, but I also see how it is predominantly local. While a publisher in Georgia or Mexico may be impacted by the global economy, they have problems and challenges that are local to them. For me, it’s about finding the ways to connect these local industries to the broader global community that gathers in Frankfurt.” This will be even more evident this year with the upgraded layout of the Halls. “Bringing the English-language community into Hall 6 is going to make a huge difference to how people interact with these markets,” says Boos. “It will make it much easier. At the same time, we’ve gone through a lot of effort to make sure that industries and publishers that work together will be in close proximity—Elsevier will be near to Springer, for example, and the art book publishers, who all know and respect one another, and though competitors, often collaborate, will be able to talk. This way everyone will be able to share stories.” Frankfurt is, at its heart, all about stories. In this regard, it is a

PUBLISHING PERSPECTIVES / GLOBAL OVERVIEW 2015

place for connecting local stories to the broader global community, whether that is through exhibitions, the Literary Agents & Scouts Center, or the Guest of Honor program. “One of the most amazing places I visited this year was Indonesia, which is this year’s Guest of Honor country,” says Boos. “Initially, I had no idea what to expect. But what I found in Jakarta was very sophisticated. It’s the world’s most populous Muslim nation, one that is a budding democracy, and to learn about how they are struggling with that responsibility while still dealing with the legacy of dictatorship, was fascinating.” Among his strongest memories of his time in Indonesia was visiting the Jakarta home of publisher John McGlynn of the Lontar Foundation, who is assisting with the Guest of Honor program. “He had the most dramatic piece of art. It was a large sculpture made out of recycled plastic bottles that had washed up on the shores of the islands. The garbage that threatened to ruin the nature of archipelago was transformed into

something beautiful. It was also fascinating to see how this impulse translated into their stories, which always have an interesting spiritual dimension to them.” Another thing that impressed Boos was the Indonesian cuisine. “But not necessarily in Indonesia,” he jokes, “The Netherlands and Flanders are the Guest of Honor in 2016, so I’ve visited several times recently. It’s funny—I’ve always been a rice guy—but it turns out the Rijsttafel is the best thing to eat in Amsterdam . . . In this way 2015 and 2016 will be interesting bookends; the colonized handing over to the colonizer.” So, like the best curators, Boos, too, has proven an eye for curious and rich contrasts, all in the service of inspiring dialog, discussion, and dealmaking. “It’s important in what we do. We want to make sure that when people come to the Fair they are stimulated, enlightened, and interested. And, even more important, that they come away feeling connected to the world . . . no matter where they are from, and where they travel back to . . . ” •

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GLOBAL OVERVIEW OF PUBLISHING TRENDS

What’s Happening Where: Global Publishing Trends ARGENTINA ARGENTINA WAS ONCE the publishing powerhouse of South America, but an economic crisis and new, claustrophobic import/ export regulations have thrown the book business into turmoil. The government has tried to bolster the book business by buying 90 million books in recent years, but a future general election and economic stagflation mean publishers are uncertain of the future. According to Promage, a consulting firm that tracks data from the Argentinian publishing market, the federal government is responsible for buying around 25% of all the books sold in the country. Fernando Zambra, CEO of Promage, says that the total income in 2014 for the overall book business was around 5.4 billion Argentine pesos ($666 million), representing a 35% increase over the previous year. But it is increasingly difficult to determine whether this is the result of increased sales, or simply due to inflation. “Book prices rose as much as 35%. It was a terrible year in terms of inflation in the country,” says Zambra. According to official data, inflation is no

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higher than 8% annually, but independent consulting firms peg it as much as 40%—making tracking statistics difficult. According to Promage, in 2014, 28,000 new ISBNs were registered in the country, 12,000 of them by the 235 most active commercial publishers. To be part of Promage’s data, publishers had to release at least five ISBNs last year. The remaining 16,000 titles were published by NGOs and other non-commercial institutions. —Leonardo Neto

BRAZIL HIGH INFLATION ALSO hit the Brazilian book market. According to the research conducted by the respected Institute of Economic Research Foundation (Fipe), revenue for Brazilian publishers shrank 5.16% last year—totaling just 5.41 billion reais ($2.03 billion). There was a nominal growth of 0.92%, which didn’t come close to offsetting the official inflation rate of 6.41% over 2014. Previously, the government was a reliable customer, but with an economic recession, the Brazilian

PUBLISHING PERSPECTIVES / GLOBAL OVERVIEW 2015

government cut its own book purchases by 21%. That brought the government’s share of publishers’ revenues down to 22.91%, where in previous years, the government purchases represented at least a quarter of sales. For example, in 2013, the share was 27.5%. On the happy side, publishers saw growth, although small, on revenue coming from the private sector. The halo that surrounded the Brazilian book market for many years is starting to dim. From 2005 to 2014, the Brazilian book market grew only 5.79%, while the country’s GNP increased 39.45%. It is true that this economic growth was heavily based on increasing commodities sales, but the book market still should have performed better in such a flourishing environment. In 2014, Brazilian publishing companies invoiced 4.17 billion reais ($1.57 billion) to bookstores, distributors, and other channels, which represents growth of 0.86%, something that could be considered an important achievement in light of ongoing Brazilian inflation. —Carlo Carrenho

EASTERN EUROPE & RUSSIA IN EASTERN EUROPE, Poland is making advances among developing nations, where the country is considering a new fixed-price law to stabilize the market, which has been rocked by a price war among booksellers. It has not been that long since the end of the EMPIK crisis, (2011-2013), in which the biggest bookstore chain acquired several publishers (WAB, Wilga and Buchmann), bought rights aggressively, and reserved the best promotions and points of sale for their books alone. Thankfully they eventually dropped this catastrophic policy and things have since improved; today the average bestseller will be around three thousand copies sold in a week, or 8,000 to 10,000 a month. The ebook market is growing, but slowly—it still only accounts for 4-5% of the total market. The main threat and obstacle to growth is piracy, which is a significant problem. Bookselling chains are struggling but surviving, though price wars mean the margins are minimal, and independent booksellers are closing up shop with depressing regularity. In Romania, the country’s online book sales hit 20% of the total book market, which is estimated to be worth some $110 million per year, according to data from financial daily Ziarul Financiar. The country’s leading online book retailer, Okian.ro, said that the demand for books in Romania has been increasing as a result of the

GLOBAL OVERVIEW OF PUBLISHING TRENDS

improving economic situation. In 2014, Okian.ro sold more than 40,000 books online, generating total revenue of some 1.3 million lei ($330,000)—a 30% increase over 2013, according to data from the online retailer. Further East, the ongoing political struggle between Russia and the Ukraine continues to cause fissures in the book business. In the Ukraine, sales have fallen somewhere the range of 15%—and likely more—as Russian publishers have been reticent to export to a difficult, if sometimes hostile, marketplace where distribution has become more and more difficult. And in Moscow, the decline in bookstores has led to a crisis of faith among publishers. Today, there here are now only 400-500 bookstores in Moscow, a significant drop in recent years as real estate prices have skyrocketed. —Lucy Abrahams, Jaroslaw Adamowski, Eugene Gerden

ITALY SO FAR IN 2015, Italy has seen two large and important consolidations. Mondadori and RCS Libri, the two largest publishing groups, merged; together they control 50% of the digital book market and 35-40% of the print market. The impact of this is likely to be seen not only in publishing, but in bookselling—where Mondadori is a major player—and may squeeze out other publishers from the shelves. The Italian book market was valued at €1.1 billion, with 87 million books sold at an average price of €12 euros. This may sound positive, but the market has been in a steady decline for the past four years, falling from €1.25 billion in 2011. Expectations for 2015 are flat, notes Marcello Vena of Milan-based consultancy, AllBrain. Some 87% of total 2014 sales by value took place offline, but online sales is the only distribution channel growing—it rose 8% in 2014. Amazon dominates with 50% of the online sales market. Commensurate with this, the potential for e-reading is strong. Sales should hit €60 million and see a rate of growth of 30-40% in 2015. It is largely focused on smartphones, as only 6.8% of all Italian households owned at least one e-reader in 2014. Year-on-year growth for e-readers is some 26%, but this may largely be the result of such a small market. In 2014, 60% of Italians did not

Book publishing is a truly global business. Sales and revenue can be affected as much by geopolitics as by local economies and trends. Success abroad requires cultural understanding and knowledge of current events. Here’s a global cheat sheet to boost your business ventures.

read one book, and several efforts have been made in the last year to attract new readers, including the launch of a celebrity-based reality TV show for writers. Publishers are also trying to keep prices low. That said, this effort to economize has hit authors and agents in particular, with advances falling and payments slowing, say some. This may have, in turn, led to the merger of three of Italy’s most powerful literary agencies: Marco Vigevani, the International Literary Agency of Chiara Boroli (the oldest in Italy), and Luigi Bernabo & Associates. “It was the right response to the Mondadori and RCS Libri merger,” noted one competitor in Il Libraio magazine. —Edward Nawotka and Nicolas Gary

MIDDLE EAST & NORTH AFRICA PUBLISHERS IN THE Middle East are used to obstacles, but these past few years have been particularly challenging: the major political instability in the region has further complicated the serious and ongoing piracy problem, as well as the lack of distribution channels. Sales in war-torn countries such as Tunisia, Syria, and Yemen are at zero, and Egypt continues its struggle to bounce back from earlier disruptions. “Since the Arab Spring, it has been upsetting. Although I survived 2011, 2012, and 2013, in 2014

I had to slow down. Until then I hadn’t published less because, for me, it was a form of resistance. It was my national duty when we were governed by the Muslim Brotherhood because most of my publications are against their mentality. But with all this and the recession and instability, I realized I had to publish less,” said Fatma Elboudy of Cairo-based El Ain publishing house. For many, the focus in the region for several years has been on the developing book markets in countries that have more liberal publishing policies, such as the United Arab Emirates, with Abu Dhabi and Sharjah leading the way. Earlier this year, the new Sharjah Book Authority announced it will offer printing services to regional publishers, as well as distribution, research and events, in what it is calling a “publishing free zone” in the United Arab Emirates. Elsewhere throughout the region, publishers are placing their hope in digital publishing and ebooks to overcome distribution problems. Connectivity in the GCC countries is among the fastest in the world; smartphone and tablet penetration is increasing rapidly; publishers are starting to adapt their rights agreements to automatically include digital; Arabic is set to be the fourth-largest internet language by 2018. Two of the MENA region’s biggest ebook sales platforms—Jordan’s EkTab and

Egypt’s Kotobi—have become further entrenched, though it looks to be only a matter of time before larger, global players enter the region or possibly acquire one of the platforms. —Olivia Snaije, Roger Tagholm, Nathan Hull

UNITED KINGDOM ACCORDING TO THE latest statistics released by The Publishers Association, the UK book publishing industry was stable in 2014 and valued at £4.3 billion. Digital products account for 35% of the industry’s total revenue, and export sales account for 44%. On the digital side, academic publishers have pushed ahead of other sectors, with 79% of all subscription income coming from electronic journals. In consumer fiction, ebooks account for 37% of the value of that segment. Increases in digital sales were seen across the industry in 2014: children’s digital sales up 11%, digital academic textbooks up 17%, audiobook downloads up 24%, and digital educational materials up 20%. “It is great to see digital growth continuing and developing in more sectors of publishing,” said Richard Mollet, Chief Executive of The Publishers Association. “The rise in children’s digital sales, while perhaps unsurprising given 71% of households now own a tablet, is testament to the innovation taking place in children’s publishing and the engaging content being produced.” Despite a 2% decline in overall book sales, the PA reports that UK publishers have seen a rise in export sales of 28% over the previous year. ELT materials are the strongest segment in terms of volume. Sales to the Middle East/ North Africa and East and Southeast Asia grew the most at 8% and 14% respectively. British consumers bought approximately the same number of books in all formats in 2014 as in 2013—some 311 million units—but spent around 4% more on them, taking the value of the British consumer market back up to £2.2 billion, after a dip to £2.1 billion in 2013 over 2012 (the Fifty Shades year). This is modest good news for publishers since it means— theoretically—that they are making more money from the same amount of unit sales. —Hannah Johnson and Roger Tagholm

PUBLISHING PERSPECTIVES / GLOBAL OVERVIEW 2015

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7 HOT PUBLISHING MARKETS

International Publishing Radar: United States:

Germany:

INVESTMENT IN DIGITAL innovation in the United States continues to drive new approaches to publishing and a re-imagining of business models, particularly in areas of data analytics for marketing, self-publishing, and subscriptions. As the digital market has matured, several venerable companies have pivoted in their approaches. For example, Vook, an early entrant into ebook publishing, acquired the publisher/retailer Byliner and analytics company Booklr, and has now rebranded as self-publishing company, Pronoun. They offer 100% royalties to authors who use the platform to publish. Surprisingly, print is also seeing a modest bump, particularly at independent bookstores, as ebook growth appears to have plateaued.

GERMANY IS AMONG the world’s top publishing markets, with a turnover of €9.32 billion in 2014—a 2.2% jump over the previous year. Surprisingly, sales rose at bricks-and-mortar bookstores, while online sales declined. In the key news so far from Germany this year, the merger of Springer Science+Business Media and Macmillan Science and Education established what has been described as a “dynastic marriage” between two of the world’s most powerful STM publishing companies.

Mexico: WITH 122 MILLION people, Mexico is the most populous of the Spanish-speaking countries, and as such has seen several of the large Spanish-language publishers consolidate their Latin American operations in the country. Planeta, in particular, saw an opportunity and launched a new rights operation to sell titles originating from Latin America abroad; the country’s literary authors—long overlooked—are drawing international attention; and a vibrant, but nascent, digital publishing scene is starting, supported in part by CONACULTA, the government’s cultural wing.

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7 HOT PUBLISHING MARKETS

7 Countries You Need to Watch South Korea: China:

Turkey: TURKEY HAS MADE great strides in the publishing world in recent years, growing some 300% in the last decade. Nevertheless, the market is still closely regulated by the government, which issues “bandroles,” a hologram sticker with a title-unique number that must be affixed to the books in order for them to be sold legally. Of all the units produced in Turkey, more than 70% are textbooks (many bought and distributed by the government), though the general trade sector continues to boom and, along with it, interest in translations and new genres, such as new adult titles. Recent election results may also loosen restrictions on the overall market and foster growth.

SOME 58% OF Chinese people read books, while 50% are reading “online literature”—a genre that has turned several dozen self-published authors into millionaires, as readers are incentivized to “reward” the authors they appreciate. China is producing 20 million new English speakers every year, meaning there are many opportunities for English-language publishers looking to establish partnerships, particularly in education—a field worth 30 billion yuan (nearly $5 billion) annually, and more than 50,000 companies competing for business.

Indonesia: INDONESIA IS THE 2015 Guest of Honor country at the Frankfurt Book Fair and has been busy preparing for the country’s first showcase on the global publishing stage. With a 93% literacy rate, the fourth most populous country in the world— and largest predominantly Muslim nation, home to 35% of the world’s Muslim population—has more than 1,000 publishing houses that publish a total of 24,000 titles per year. When it comes to literature, half the titles are translations; this year, it is expected some 200 titles will have been translated into English, German and other languages in time for the Fair.

WHILE THE OVERALL Korean trade industry has seen declines in the past decade, interest in digital devices is booming, and Korea has among the deepest levels of internet penetration in the world. Coupled with high levels of spending on private education, innovative companies are pushing the boundaries of education publishing, which now accounts for 65% of the overall publishing market. In Korea, they are not thinking about using cellphones for education, but robots. Korean children’s publishers are widely respected, both for their content and illustrations, and have earned global respect for their English-language learning products and edu-comics.

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SPONSORED BY THE SHARJAH INTERNATIONAL BOOK FAIR

Soaring Translation Grants Awarded by Sharjah International Book Fair Matchmaking Program BY ERIN L. COX LAST YEAR, THE Sharjah International Book Fair (SIBF), offered a $300,000 fund for translation rights agreements as part of the Matchmaking Program’s Translation Grant. The 168 grants awarded were more than double the previous year. Since its inception in 2011, the SIBF Matchmaking Program has become a key event on the international publishing calendar. Bringing together more than 250 rights professionals from over 50 countries, the program provides introductions to Arab and international publishing professionals, one-to-one matchmaking sessions and networking, and opportunities for foreign publishers to work directly in this market. The Sharjah International Book Fair—November 4–14 2015—is the largest book fair in the Arab world with over 1.4 million people at-

tending the 11-day event last year. It attracts the biggest international authors including Dan Brown, Indian Man Booker Prize shortlistee Amitav Ghosh, Egyptian movie and stage actor Adel Emam, and bestselling Indian author Chetan Bhagat. As well as the public fair, SIBF is the gateway to the publishing world in the Middle East, North Africa and Asia regions. Through its ambitious Matchmaking Program and Translation Grant, it has become a major player in international translation publishing and an essential forum to do business with Arabic publishers. In addition, the Sharjah International Book Fair and American Library Association launched its first joint ALA Library Conference last year at SIBF—a two-day event that offered concurrent programs and an important opportunity for librarians from across the region

to network and share best practices. It was attended by more than 600 librarians from 20 countries in the Gulf region and beyond. At this year’s London Book Fair, the SIBF Matchmaking Program won The London Book Fair International Excellence Award in The Market Focus Achievement Award category for “raising the profile of Arabic literature in translation.” The judges of the Award said, “Sharjah International Book Fair has made continual investment into new initiatives and relationships to help raise the profile of Arabic literature in translation, and support the Arab publishing com-

munity in its internationalization.” November 1st will kick off the 2015 Sharjah International Book Fair’s fifth annual Matchmaking Program, with this year’s delegates also receiving an invitation to attend the influential Arab Publishers Conference taking place in Sharjah on November 2-3 . International publishing rights professionals who have a catalogue of translation rights to buy or sell and an interest in doing business in the Arab market may apply. Submissions must be made online at www.sibf.com by July 17. Selections will be announced in August 2015. •

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INSIDE THE GUIDE: 12 14 15 16 18 19 20 21

News & Updates from the Fair Quiz: What’s Your Business Personality? Interview: Diane Spivey on Rights Map: New Hall Layout Digital Innovation at the Hot Spots Indonesian Authors in Frankfurt STM & Education in Hall 4.2 Where to Eat in Frankfurt

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Frankfurt Book Fair 2015: News & Updates

© Marc Jacquemin / Frankfurter Buchmesse

World Cookbook Fair Comes to Frankfurt This Year FRANKFURT’S HUB FOR all things food is getting bigger and better: this year, the Gourmet Gallery in Hall 3.1 will host the World Cookbook Fair, an international meeting point for publishers and authors in the culinary sector. The partnership between the Frankfurt Book Fair and World Cookbook Fair was announced last December as a long-term agreement for the food and wine publishing industry. Édouard Cointreau, Vice President of the World Cookbook Fair, emphasised that Frankfurt will be the only cookbook fair in Europe this year, making it the focal point of interest for the culinary publishing world in 2015. On some 1,000 square metres—300 more than last year—the Gourmet Gallery section will feature exhibitor stands, a business centre, an events and conference programme, book presentations, and a show kitchen. In addition to a number of national stands, including one for the Guest of Honour Indonesia, and individually represented publishing houses, the show kitchen is a major highlight with numerous international and German top chefs drawing attention. This year’s global roster includes chefs from Indonesia (Petty Elliott, William Wongso, Bondan Winarno, Janet de Neefe), India (Monish Gujral), UK (James McIntosh), Greece (Vefa Alexiadou, Vangelis Driskas), Brazil (André Boccato), Malaysia (Chef Wan, Mohana Gill), Russia (Stalic Khankishiev), Turkey (Aslihan Sabanci), Finland (Ahmed Ladarsi), Romania (Laura Cosoi), Chile (Francisco Fantini), Argentina (Chakall, Carlos López), USA (Richard Grausman), Germany (Steffen Henssler, Horst Lichter, Kolja Kleeberg), and many others. • www.book-fair.com/gourmet-gallery 12

PUBLISHING PERSPECTIVES / GLOBAL OVERVIEW 2015

Agora Gets a New Centrepiece THIS YEAR, THE Frankfurt Book Fair’s outdoor market place, the Agora, is getting a new Piazza area of over 430 square metres. As the central point of the Agora, the Piazza will take on the shape of an open book modelled on the Book Fair’s iconic logo. Designed as a new service point, it will provide visitors with information about the new hall layout and a space to plan their day. The Piazza is also part of the system that guides visitors through the Fair: red carpets in the shape of a star will lead from the Piazza to the various halls. The Agora’s Piazza will also include two coffee shops and will provide visitors with some welcome sweet treats, in partnership with Werther’s Original. Apart from this new “sweet heart of the Fair”, Frankfurt’s re-structured alfresco space will, as in the past, also continue to feature the popular Reading Tent and Open Stage for author readings and events, plus additional food outlets and content partners. • www.book-fair.com/agora

© Marc Jacquemin / Frankfurter Buchmesse

© Bernd Hartung / Frankfurter Buchmesse

New European Media Summit Connects Creative Industries THE NEW EUROPEAN Media Summit (NEM) is a European technology platform dealing with connected, converging, and interactive media and creative industries. The summit motto is “Media & Technologies for New Storyworlds.” NEM gathers major European organisations working in the digital media and content area, including content providers, creative industries, broadcasters, network equipment manufacturers, network operators, and service providers, academia, standardisation bodies, and government institutions. The annual NEM Summit will be held on October 14 and 15, 2015 at the Frankfurt Book Fair, and the publishing industry is invited to partake in NEM’s European innovation ecosystem. This year’s NEM Summit will cover the topics of transmedia as well as immersive and interactive storytelling, with a focus on innovations enabled by technology. Further information and registration is available online: nem-initiative.org/nem-summit-programme

SPONSORED SECTION: FRANKFURT BOOK FAIR, 14-18 OCTOBER 2015

Frankfurt Book Fair 2015: News & Updates Guest of Honour Indonesia To Bring New Flavours to Frankfurt “17,000 ISLANDS OF Imagination” are coming to Frankfurt: the 2015 Guest of Honour Indonesia promises to add some new flavours and facets to the Fair. In keeping with the island state’s literary tradition, which is strongly influenced by performance elements, Indonesia has set up a comprehensive cultural programme featuring literature, spoken word performances, music, and culinary specialities. Some 70 Indonesian authors, including writers of prose, poetry and theatrical texts, are now expected to present their work and new releases in Frankfurt. In a country in which conventional means of promoting literature are less common, alternative initiatives such as the Lontar Foundation—founded by a group of Indonesian authors and the American translator John McGlynn in 1987 to translate and publish Indonesian literary works—are vital for raising the profile of Indonesian writers in international publishing. In addition to the Guest of Honour pavilion, which will recreate the country’s geography through various thematic islands that will host performances and author events and provide insight into the country’s long storytelling tradition, Indonesia will be present with various hubs throughout the Fair (see page 19 for more info). •

INDONESIAN HUBS AT FRANKFURT BOOK FAIR FORUM: Indonesia Pavilion, including exhibition “Books on Indonesia” HALL 3.0: Indonesia Stand, Comics HALL 3.1: Indonesia Stand, Gourmet Gallery HALL 4.0: Indonesian National Stand HALL 4.1: Indonesia Stand, Art Books HALL 4.2: Premium Content Partner in “Classroom of the Future” (read more on p. 20) The Markets: Global Publishing Summit: On 13 October 2015, Indonesia will be featured as one of seven vibrant publishing regions at this event.

www.book-fair.com/guest-of-honour

Who’s Moving Where: Find Your International Publishing Partners THE FRANKFURT BOOK Fair is where the international publishing industry meets. For five days, it’s the Global City of Ideas, providing a stage for new content, authors, and companies–the place to meet business partners from around the world and every relevant industry. 2015 will be particularly exciting: to reflect the constantly evolving global publishing market, the Fair will introduce new formats, new offers, and a new hall layout. The new Frankfurt Book Fair stands for the drive within the industry to combine technology and content, to create new forms of literature, information and entertainment. It stands for networking among world markets and language groups. Furthermore, it stands for the future of reading–no matter the language or format. The international heart of the Frankfurt Book Fair is taking on a new and more convenient shape for visitors. For the first time, the entire Asian publishing world will be brought together in one hall: 4.0 is the number to remember for publishers from Southeast Asia, East Asia, India and Iran, who will be flanked by exhibitors from the Fair’s Publishing Solutions and Book Trade Services segment. Since many of the latter are from Asia as well, there will be natural cross-over and exchange. Also, the national stand of the Guest of Honour Indonesia will be in 4.0, along with many exciting events. The Netherlands, Flanders, Scandinavia and the Eastern European countries in Hall 5.0 will be getting a new neighbour, with Italy moving from Hall 5.1. This area will also have direct access to Hall 6.0, where two new large areas for international publishers from English-speaking countries have been set up. Hall 5.1 is also where the entire French, Spanish, Portuguese and Arabic publishing worlds will be located. For the first time, the Ukraine and the Philippines will come with big national stands in Hall 5.0 and Hall 4.0, respectively. The Turkish Ministry of Education (Hall 4.2) as well as the Mexican Ministry of Education (Hall 5.1) are also new exhibitors. Among the Fair’s long-standing partners, Bulgaria is considerably increasing its stand with more publishers, and Turkey will double its space in the International Children’s Book segment in Hall 3.0. •

NEW! 2015 Frankfurt Hall Map: Turn to pages 16–17 to see a map of the new Frankfurt Book Fair hall layout. Indonesian author Ahmad Tohari (right) and a compatriot at the launch of Indonesia’s Guest of Honour literary program

www.book-fair.com/international

© Peter Hirth / Frankfurter Buchmesse

PUBLISHING PERSPECTIVES / GLOBAL OVERVIEW 2015

13

SPONSORED SECTION: FRANKFURT BOOK FAIR, 14-18 OCTOBER 2015

TAKE THE QUIZ:

GET YOUR RESULTS:

What time do you schedule your first meeting at the Book Fair?

Mostly As: Publishing Veteran You are a leader, and you reach your goals with resolve and purpose. You belong to the “old school”—which you consider a positive virtue. Your colleagues depend on your expertise and vast network. Yes, it must be said: you are an expert in your field.

A 8:00 a.m. B 10:00 a.m. C Nothing before noon, I need to recover from the parties

How do you prepare for a meeting? A In my office. My secretary prints everything out for me; I study it and highlight the key issues for discussion. B On the plane. Mentally, money is already changing hands. C In the bathtub, with a cocktail or two for inspiration.

How do you convince potential investors of your ideas? A If they can’t see my strengths, they don’t deserve to do business with me. B Preparing a strong, convincing argument is everything. C If I knew that, I’d be doing something better than answering stupid quiz questions.

How many business trips do you make a year? A I go to FBF and more than 10 other events. B I go to FBF and approx. 2-5 other events. C I’m going to FBF for the first time, and go to approx. 5-7 other events.

Who is known as The Jackal in the publishing industry?

Insider tip: Don’t miss our Business Breakfast every day at 8 am. And book your most important meetings at the Business Club.

© Peter Hirth / Frankfurter Buchmesse

Business Club QUIZ: What’s Your Business Personality? Always the first through the door, or more of a “turn up when you can” kind of person? Waiting for the official photographer, or ready with your selfie stick? Take the quiz and find out what business personality you have. You might surprise yourself!

What business accomplishment are you especially proud of?

You’re taking a selfie at the Book Fair. Who’s in the picture?

A I helped manage a big corporate merger.

A Me with the German Chancellor, Angela Merkel

B I have founded three start-ups and made a shed load of cash from all of them.

B Me, sharing a wurst with Charlie Redmayne

C My work-life balance is the envy of many.

C Me and Grumpy Cat

How do you read? A Print books

A Andrew Wylie

What is your favourite drink at meetings?

B E.L. James

A Strong, black coffee

C Tablet or e-reader

C No idea

B Champagne, darling, of course C An organic green smoothie

Who is your business idol? A Markus Dohle B Jack Dorsey C Oprah Winfrey

Who would you like to meet at the Business Club? A Stefan von Holtzbrinck B Hillary Clinton C Hugh Howey

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PUBLISHING PERSPECTIVES / GLOBAL OVERVIEW 2015

B Apple Watch

When’s the best time to leave Frankfurt? A Right after my last meeting on Friday afternoon. B Sometime on Saturday. On Friday night, I’m at the Hof. C I’m flying out on Sunday, after I hear some author readings.

Mostly Bs: The Innovator You know what life is about: ideas, capital, courage and loads of luck. But you know from experience just how difficult it is to bring all these things together. Your colleagues rely on your knowldge and excitement about the digital space. Your head is brimming with ideas, though sometimes, you feel you’re the only one. Insider tip: Get inspired at our “Two to Talk” events, and take advantage of the Business Club’s many networking opportunities. Mostly Cs: The Frankfurt Rookie So you don’t know who The Jackal is, but you do see big opportunities in publishing. Digitisation is opening up new doors for publishers, startups, authors and others—and you definitely want to be a part of it. You’re forging a new path for yourself, and you’re coming to Frankfurt to learn, network, and start something new. Insider tip: Be sure to attend the “International Speed Dating” and “Ask the Experts” events. And when the day’s over, have a drink with us at the evening get-togethers.

BUSINESS CLUB EARLY BIRD Register now and save 20% Available until 15 August 2015 www.book-fair.com/ businessclub

SPONSORED SECTION: FRANKFURT BOOK FAIR, 14-18 OCTOBER 2015

Deal or No Deal? The Art of Selling Rights With almost 40 years of rights experience, Diane Spivey, Hachette UK, knows what it takes to succeed in publishing. Interview by Jenny Kühne Diane, you have nearly forty years of experience in rights. Looking back, what have been some of your greatest challenges? Things have changed dramatically in that time—when I started out, most rights income was made from domestic, English-language rights. Gradually, with the absorption of smaller companies into bigger publishing groups and with those groups setting up global operations, there is a greater reliance on translation rights. Rights managers have to go further afield and work harder—often to achieve a larger number of smaller deals— in order to maintain and increase rights income. Also, I am particularly heartened by the number of books from other languages being brought into the UK/US markets. There’s still a huge imbalance, of course, but there is a greater feeling that English speakers may be losing out if we are not more flexible. What hasn’t changed in the business? The people! Publishing people are the best, and it’s those relationships that have kept me going through some ups and downs in my earlier career. As I relinquish face-to-face selling at book fairs and on trips, I am really going to miss that regular and rewarding contact. I have learnt so much from those people. So, networking and the exchange of experiences are an important part of the rights business? Absolutely! Of course, there’s very little formal consultation between competing houses—we obviously have to be careful about not being anti-competitive. However people move jobs in the business, and it is a joy to come across erstwhile colleagues at meetings, conferences, and parties and swap stories. Forums such as the Frankfurt Rights Directors meeting are a great chance to compare experiences across the globe and learn from one another.

Diane Spivey

THE 29TH INTERNATIONAL RIGHTS DIRECTORS MEETING It’s easier than you think! Snapshots from France and South East Asia, and an update on digital rights. Time and Place: Tues. 13 October 2015 2:00–5:00 pm Frankfurt Book Fair Hall 4.2, Room Dimension Tickets: Early Bird tickets are available until 15 August 2015 for 176 Euros + VAT at www.book-fair.com/rights

Tell us about your new role as Hachette UK’s Group Contracts Manager. It’s becoming increasingly important for our business to be underpinned by good contracts. Contracts cannot drive the business—I have yet to find a way to anticipate change and “future-proof” them—but we do need to react quickly and flexibly to the changing needs of the business. Getting more involved in other media—from TV and film to character merchandising to all the new digital developments—we need to ensure we are acquiring the rights we need in order to allow us the flexibility to develop and license into new areas whilst making sure our authors are properly involved and remunerated. What are some of the issues that rights managers face today? Digital and the growth (or lack of growth) of ebook publishing in some markets is a big challenge right now. The global nature of some rights makes our traditional models, limited by territory or

print run, obsolete, and rights managers have to take a balanced view of what will add to a licensee’s success and benefit the licensor and what might impinge on their own core publishing. I think there is a greater need for rights managers to keep themselves informed about changes in the publishing business around the world, and feed back what they know to their own companies. What do you think lies ahead for rights managers and rights sales? We have already seen a major change from the “proofs in a jiffy bag” way of submitting to electronic submissions (although I am still a great believer in attraction of the tactile qualities of books). I’m intrigued about whether interaction through social media is either appropriate or effective for increasing our business—only time will tell. In any case, we are trying it out for ourselves, and I invite the readers to follow our rights department on Twitter via @LBBGrights.

Any advice for people who are new to the business? It’s all about the data these days. I have always recommended that newcomers to rights should be detail people as precision is so important in our business. Increasingly however, we need people who are a whizz at dealing with large spreadsheets or data crunching from big databases, in a way which can integrate with the rest of the business. •

Diane Spivey, Group Contracts Director, Hachette UK, joined British publishing over thirty years ago. She has worked for many companies over the years including Little, Brown, Simon & Schuster UK, Cassell, Harrap, Methuen and Hodder & Stoughton. She has just taken up the new role of Group Contracts Director for the Hachette UK publishing group. Spivey is a member of the Rights Directors Meeting Advisory Board. She regularly lectures on Selling Rights, and contributes to Clark’s Publishing Agreements.

PUBLISHING PERSPECTIVES / GLOBAL OVERVIEW 2015

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6.0 6.1 6.2

6.3 Literary Agents & Scouts Centre (LitAg)

International Publishers Galleria

Great Britain/Ireland USA Canada New Zealand Australia Israel South Africa

Entrance Torhaus

6.3 6.2 6.1

Hot Spot Digital Innovation (6.2)

8

6.0

Via Mobile

Childcare

Operation and Security Center (OSC) Hall 4.0 Polizei Police

10

Torhaus ServiceCenter Polizei Police

Police

4.0

Fire Brigade First Aid

4.0

4.2

International Publishers

Fiction and Non-Fiction

Asia National Stand of the Guest of Honour Indonesia

German Book Prize Showcase Reading Zone of Independent Publishers Azubistro Studying for Books

STM & A Special

Hot Spot Publishing Services Forum Production in Publishing

Business Club (Foyer) #fbm15

4.2

4.1

Publishing Solutions and Book Trade Services

www.book-fair.com

4.1

Entrance Hall 10 Car Park Visitor Buses

Planning as of June 2015

Art Books | Art | Design Artist Books International Book Art

Antiquarian Book Fair

Internati Hot Spot & Scienti

Educat

Internati Hot Spot Classroom Forum Sc

0

Congress Center CMF

5.1

5.0

5.1

International Publishers

International Publishers

Italy

France

Netherlands/Flanders Central, Eastern and Southeast Europe Northern Europe Turkey Greece

Belgium Latin America Portugal Spain Arab World Africa Invitation Programme Forum International Dialogue Authors’ Lounge

Entrance Ludwig-Erhard-Anlage (Exhibitors only)

5.0

Messeturm Via Mobile

FORUM, LEVEL 0 Festhalle

ARD (National Public Service TV Broadcaster)

Lesezelt

F.0

FORUM, LEVEL 1

F.1

Open Stage

Entrance City

AGORA 1 3.Via

Guest of Honour Presentation Indonesia

Entrance Hall 3 East Shuttle Bus Car Park Rebstock 3.0 3.1

AGORA Lesezelt (Reading Marquee) Open Stage

Academic Publishing, list Information

ional Library Centre (ILC) Professional ific Information

tion

ional Education Exhibition (IEE) Education m of the Future cience and Education

3.0

3.1

Fiction and Non-Fiction

Fiction and Non-Fiction

Self-Publishing Area Collective Presentation E-Books Collective Presentation of Titles From Small and Author Publishers

Audiobooks Collective Stand Collective Exhibition of Smaller Independent Publishers

Children’s and Young Adult Media Children’s Book Centre

Comic

3.VIA Calendar Gallery

Education LitCam Stage “Goal for Education“

Religion Tourism Gourmet Gallery Stationery and Gifts German Publishers & Booksellers Association Centre Weltempfang Centre for Politics, Literature and Translation Organisations of Cultural Cooperation

SPONSORED SECTION: FRANKFURT BOOK FAIR, 14-18 OCTOBER 2015

Digital Innovation for the Publishing Industry Frankfurt’s Hot Spots gather start-ups and established technology providers alike DOTTED AROUND THREE halls, the Frankfurt Book Fair’s hub for innovation and new technology will, this year, feature more than 80 exhibitors and 150 events at the altogether four Hot Spots: Digital Innovation (Hall 6.2 D22), Education (Hall 4.2 B91), Professional

and Scientific Information (Hall 4.2 L101), and Publishing Services (Hall 4.0 J85). Apart from individual exhibitors, industry bodies and associations are increasingly using the Hot Spots to present their respective countries’ digital know-how. The Spanish Institute for For-

Publishing Services: Kumavision, Germany

Education: SAAK Digital, Spain

“WE’LL BE PRESENTING our integrated software for trade and specialist information publishers as well as music publishing houses. This sector-specific solution is based on the business platform Microsoft Dynamics NAV 2015 and in its new version has extended functionalities for mobile use and reporting. We’ve also added new features for marketing content digitally. A number of major publishers work with our software, using the advantages an integrated publishing software has, in particular, when it comes to business analysis. Kumavision has developed a new tool for this, making content that can be subscribed to available on online portals via a web service. Users registering with the web portal can directly download content or research online, just one example how integrated sector specific software can open up new revenue streams for publishers.”

“OUR SOFTWARE, WEERAS Tools, is an online editing tool that enables the creation of digital educational materials such as textbooks and interactive activities. Content can be shared with everyone and accessed from anywhere, making digitising textbooks, educational content, and creating personalised materials easy and effective. The tool has a number of innovative features enabling publishers and teachers to create their own styles and apply them to their content or to add interactive features such as photo galleries, video, and audio files. With traditional learning models shifting from a one-sizefits-all approach to a personalised and social learning model, Weeras supports creating a personal learning environment, allowing communication inside and outside the classroom and with peers, as well as enabling users to work on problems together and share learning resources.”

KLAUS DARGEL, CONSULTANT MEDIA SOLUTIONS

ARIANNA MAZZEO, MARKETING MANAGER

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PUBLISHING PERSPECTIVES / GLOBAL OVERVIEW 2015

eign Trade (ICEX) will be bringing a group of companies to both the Digital Innovation and Education Hot Spots, while two Korean institutions, KPIPA (Publication Industry Promotion Agency of Korea) and KELIA (Korea e-Learning Industry Association), are showcasing start-ups in the Hot Spot Digital Innovation and Education, respectively. The Hot Spot Publishing Services will also host the International Friday events of the

Forum Production in Publishing. Providing a snapshot of technology on offer, we have asked exhibitors from all four Hot Spot sectors about the innovations they will be bringing to Frankfurt. Read more about these Hot Spot exhibitors below.

Professional & Scientific Information: Sony DADC Austria AG

Digital Innovation: Flipsnack, USA

“SONY DADC WILL present a flexible and secure eBook User Rights Management Solution (URMS) for publishers, content creators, retailers, libraries, and consumers. Our eBook User Rights Management Solution enables many different business models, such as a common bookshelf, from which a reader could lend, sell, or give away a book. In addition to that, it is very easy to integrate as the Software Development Kit has been built to work with the upcoming Readium Rendering Engine. Consumers enjoy simple and easy handling with no additional registrations or connections. Based on our extensive experience of Digital Rights Management for the entertainment industry, we are now able to offer a very comprehensive User Rights Management Solution for the electronic publishing industry.” WOLFGANG FUCHS, DIRECTOR BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT & SALES PUBLISHING

Learn more about the Frankfurt Book Fair’s Hot Spots online: www.book-fair.com/hotspots

“FLIPSNACK, A PAGE-FLIP software enabling users to create digital flip books out of PDFs, brings a new, sleek content editor that will complete the creative process of a flip book, giving the publishers the freedom to start with a blank page or choose from a variety of templates. Setting aside any technical aspects, users will be able to create complete magazines, brochures, and catalogs in minutes by importing text and images in given templates. Interactive features can also be added, giving new engagement opportunities. Projects are optimised for search engines, and FlipSnack provides users with an optimal viewing experience, easy reading, and navigation. Publications can be accessed from any device or operating system. At the Fair, we will also introduce the new API that will allow publishers to integrate FlipSnack services with their own applications.” ANN BOB, PRODUCT MANAGER

INDONESIA -

17.000 ISLANDS OF IMAGINATION Guest of Honour Frankfurt Book Fair 2015

SUMATRA

KALIMANTAN SULAWESI

MALUKU PAPUA

Jakarta JAVA BALI

FLORES

MEET SOME INDONESIAN AUTHORS AT THE FRANKFURT BOOK FAIR

www.islandsofimagination.id

Afrizal Malna, Jakarta/Java An activist and writer of prose, poetry, and theatrical texts. He has published several books. travels throughout the country frequently to participate in literary, poetry and philosophical discussions.

Andrea Hirata, Belitong/Sumatra One of Indonesia’s best known authors, for the novel The Rainbow Troops (2005), which was translated into 25 languages. Winner of New York Book Festival 2013 in the category General Fiction.

Ayu Utami, Bogor/West Java Writer of novels, short-stories, and articles, and a journalist for Indonesian magazines. Her novel, Saman (1998) was considered a new milestone in Indonesian literature and won the Prince Claus Award.

Eka Kurniawan, Tasikmalaya/West Java Journalist, writer and designer. He has been described as the “brightest meteorite” in Indonesia’s new literary firmament and has been compared to Salman Rushdie, Gabriel García Márquez, and Mark Twain.

Laksmi Pamuntjak, Jakarta/Java She writes poetry, essays and novels and has participated in numerous international literary events and festivals. Her poems and short stories have been published in several international journals. She also contributed columns and articles in Tempo Magazine, The Jakarta Post, and The Guardian.

Leila Chudori, Jakarta/Java She began writing at the age of 12. Her stories and novels have been translated into English and German. Leila works also as journalist, editor and scriptwriter for film and television.

Oka Rusmini, Bali She writes poetry, novels, and short stories. She received the Best Poetry Award from Poetry Journal (2002) and Literary Appreciation Award of Literary Works (2003), and has been invited to national and international events and festivals.

Okky Madasari, Magetan/East Java An author and journalist. For her novel, Maryam, she won an Indonesian major and most celebrated literary prize, the Khatulistiwa Literary Award, in 2012. At the age of 28, she is the youngest ever winner of this prestigious award.

Seno Gumira Ajidarma, Jakarta/Java A prolific writer, journalist, artist, and photographer. He was born in Boston, USA and has been writing for over forty years. He has written short stories, novels, poems, news articles, essays, and even comic books.

Things to know about Indonesia • Population 250 millions • 17.000 islands • 726 living local languages, 1 official language • literacy 93% • new titles 44,327 (2014) • Nationwide chain book store with 110 outlets: Gramedia • 60 million Facebook users • Jakarta no.1 active twitter city • Largest economy in South East Asia • GDP US$915 billion (2015 estimate by IMF)

SPONSORED SECTION: FRANKFURT BOOK FAIR, 14-18 OCTOBER 2015

STM & Education Thrive in Hall 4.2 Bringing publishers, customers, and service providers together is what Hall 4.2 does best: Frankfurt’s hub for STM, specialist, and education publishers adds new faces and features.

© Peter Hirth / Frankfurter Buchmesse

FORUM SCIENCE & EDUCATION (HALL 4.2 C96) EEPG Award Ceremony: Wednesday, 14 October, 4–4:30 p.m. The European Educational Publishers Group Award Ceremony for Best European Learning Materials Award AAP (Association of American Publishers) PreK-12 Learning Group: Wednesday, 14 October, 4:30–5:30 p.m. International CEO Roundtable on Education Perspectives: Friday, 16 October, 9:40–10:20 a.m. Organised by the Frankfurt Book Fair and LitCam

WANT MORE INFO ABOUT HALL 4.2? CONTACT US: STM and Academic Publishing, Specialist Information: Mailin Choy [email protected] Education: Martina Wolff de Carrasco [email protected]

Or visit us online at: www.book-fair.com/education

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PUBLISHING PERSPECTIVES / GLOBAL OVERVIEW 2015

VISITORS TO HALL 4.2, with its focus on STM and academic publishing as well as specialist information, education publishers, and service providers, will come across a few changes this year—and new faces. In particular, the STM/academic and education sectors have grown with the integration of big industry players. UK and US companies such as Wiley, Taylor & Francis, Sage, Oxford University Press, Cambridge University Press, Cengage, Express Publishing, MM Publications and Pearson Rights will exhibit in Hall 4.2 for the first time.

As in the past, Hall 4.2 will continue to be home to the International Library Centre (ILC) and two Hot Spots (Professional & Scientific Information and Education), and it will host the Forum Science & Education. A new, big stage in 2015 will combine events organised by the Forum and the Hot Spot Education, with 70 seats and a varied programme, half of which will be in English. The stage located at the Hot Spot Professional & Scientific Information will also offer content for international visitors, including the “Next Generation Information Manager” (16 October), with three partners—DGI (German Society for Information and Knowledge), P-D-R (Pharma Documentation Ring) and PAID (the German equivalent of P-D-R). The stage provides a forum for exchanging innovative ideas for the future. “Apart from discussion panels, there will be interactive sessions and product reviews, in which publishers and service providers will present their ideas for innovative products. Customers will have a chance to provide feedback on the spot,” explains Mailin Choy, Sales Manager Business Information and Science. •

Exploring the Future of Education The Classroom of the Future, a standout feature in Hall 4.2, introduces its global partners and a forward-thinking programme for 2015.

THIS YEAR’S CLASSROOM of the Future will involve a highly motivated group of international partners: the European Learning Industry Group (ELIG) as development partner, creating an engaging programme for students in the Classroom; vitra as Premium Partner for Design & Education Furnishing; the Guest of Honour Indonesia as Premium Content Partner; and Hewlett-Packard (HP) as Premium Partner for Technology & Solutions. “The textbook of the future will be one of the innovation topics in this year’s Classroom. We will show how hybrid learning technology can be used to enhance print content with interactive features, providing education publishers with insights and inspiration for how to ‘future-proof’ their educational material,” says Martina Wolff de Carrasco, Education Sales Manager. As Frankfurt’s hub for innovation in education, the Classroom aims to highlight major developments in the industry. Wolff de Carrasco stresses how vital it is for the current generation of students to be prepared for a future in which creativity and entrepreneurialism will be key: “Creative, individual, and self-determined learning are at the centre of what we do here.” The Classroom’s 2015 programme, designed to provide “fantastic islands of learning” and

many English-language activities, will reflect this approach, seeing students as creators and collaborators. Revolving around four main themes, the progamme focuses on various aspects of the culture and geography of this year’s content partner, Indonesia. Learning expeditions will explore the country’s underwater world, music, food, and arts. The activities will be covered by the Classroom’s young journalists. This year, Frankfurt’s Classroom expects some 1,000 European students and teachers to apply to participate in the learning expeditions. Students will create a range of social media contributions live at the fair, including blogs, photos, audio stories and videos. Professional journalists will supports them in the context of partnerships with ARD (“Hörspielbox” recording studio) and RTL Television. Students will use a range of mobile devices, including HP Slate tablets and digital cameras. In addition, the Classroom will also have a media creation area with the latest digital printers and HP Sprout creativity work stations, which bridge the world of physical objects and material and the virtual realm. These stations will also be used for live communications with Classroom partners around the world, including marine researchers from Indonesia. •

SPONSORED SECTION: FRANKFURT BOOK FAIR, 14-18 OCTOBER 2015

Where to Eat & Drink in Frankfurt Great restaurant tips are like closely guarded secrets among book fair veterans. However, we managed to get a few people to spill the beans on where they like to eat in Frankfurt. Be sure to make your dinner reservations well in advance of the Fair!

KATHRIN GRÜN, MARKETING & COMMUNICATIONS If you’re looking for local cuisine and a traditional, Frankfurt-style night out, you should check out Daheim im Lorsbacher Thal (across the river in Sachsenhausen). Hang up your coat at one of the hooks along the wood-panelled wall, take a seat at a long table, and get started with a glass of the 25 self-brewed apple wine varieties they serve here. Enjoy Frankfurt specialities like Grüne Soße, Tafelspitz, and Rippchen.

THOMAS MINKUS, VP, ENGLISH LANGUAGE MARKETS A wonderful evening out requires great company, excellent food, the right atmosphere, and friendly service. At one of my favorite restaurants in Frankfurt, Heimat, you will find all these things (except the great company, that’s up to you). This centrally located restaurant with a sleek interior offers a constantly changing menu with local ingredients, a stellar wine list, and attentive staff. Perfect for smaller groups.

Daheim im Lorsbacher Thal Große Rittergasse 49-51 Phone: +49 (0)69 61 64 59 www.lorsbacher-thal.de

Heimat Berliner Straße 70 Phone: +49 (0)69-29 72 59 94 www.heimat-restaurant.de

BARBARA ROELLE, SALES MANAGER, GOURMET GALLERY Located on a quiet street close to the Goethe House in the City Centre, Riz Restaurant is a hidden gem. If you enjoy a glass of good wine with contemporary cuisine, you are sure to find what you are looking for at Riz. Its comprehensive wine list offers 350 different selections, largely Spanish reds and German whites, and the sommalier will find you the perfect wine to go with whatever you order from the pan-European menu. Riz Restaurant Berliner Straße 72 Phone: +49 (0)69 282439 www.riz-frankfurt.de

HOLGER VOLLAND, VP, BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT Named after the American poet, anthropologist, and member of “Kosher Nostra,” Stanley Diamond, this restaurant is the new brainchild of the Ardinast brothers. Opened just recently in the Bahnhofsviertel, the area near Frankfurt’s main train station, it adds glam and class to this otherwise shady neighbourhood. The menu is terrifically eclectic, bringing a progressive approach to classic German and European dishes. Stanley Diamond Ottostraße 16-18 Phone: +49 (0)69 26 94 28 92 stanleydiamond.com

Need a Hotel Room in Frankfurt? STILL LOOKING FOR a place to stay during the Frankfurt Book Fair? There’s still hotel availability in Frankfurt, so it’s worth trying to negotiate a good price. Plus, staying on over the weekend will not only enable you to make the most of the Fair but also leave some

time to squeeze in a much deserved stroll along the Main River or sample one of the city’s excellent museums. The Frankfurt Book Fair has also partnered with the Steigenberger Frankfurter Hof, Grandhotel Hessischer Hof, and the three

Lindner Hotel locations in town to offer special room rates for authors attending the Fair. “As local hotels, we’re very proud to work with the Frankfurt Book Fair as an event of enormous international appeal and to host its visitors, bringing this fascinating

industry to town. We appreciate this long-standing cooperation and are always happy to discuss our guests requirements and are looking forward to their visit in October,” said Eduard M. Singer, Managing Director of Hessischer Hof of the partnership. •

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© Bernd Hartung / Frankfurter Buchmesse

© Peter Hirth / Frankfurter Buchmesse

© Peter Hirth / Frankfurter Buchmesse

Our experts speak more than 25 languages to better serve you. Phone: +49 (0)69 2102-0 Email: [email protected] Frankfurt Book Fair Ausstellungs- und Messe GbmH Braubackstrasse 16 | 60311 Frankfurt am Main www.book-fair.com Concept & realization: Kathrin Grün, Frankfurt Book Fair Editorial contributions by BConnects. Barbara Geier Content Services Copyediting: Sophie Schlondorff This magazine contains information as of June 2015. This information is subject to change. Please check our website for the most up-to-date information. © Bernd Hartung / Frankfurter Buchmesse

© Bernd Hartung / Frankfurter Buchmesse

BUILDING A DIVERSE PUBLISHING BUSINESS

Diversity in UK Publishing Still a Challenge The book industry remains largely white and middle class, while efforts are being made to add socioeconomic and ethnic diversity to the publishing workforce. By Roger Tagholm Verna Wilkins, Publisher Tamarind Books

Joanna Prior, MD Penguin General

“I worry about lots of things to do with diversity—the ethnic mix, the socio-economic make-up of our work force—but I do not worry about women getting senior roles.” Joanna Prior

“You have to get people very young and start challenging the stereotypes.” Verna Wilkins

WHEN WILL A major UK publishing house see its first black CEO? An industry in which gay people thrive and in which women hold many senior positions does not do at all well when issues of race are examined. While UK publishers accept that gender issues are important, many of them believe there is a more pressing issue, one that is even more sensitive: ethnic diversity. How do you a stop an already predominantly white, middle-class industry from becoming even more so—and what affect does that have on the types of books that are published? “I think gender is not our only, or even our biggest, diversity issue,” says Ebury MD, Rebecca Smart. “The prevalence of the white middle classes in publishing remains a huge problem. We complain that fewer people are reading, but it’s not surprising when publishing represents only

a small proportion of our population. I think that the ‘The Scheme,’ PRH’s program aimed at recruiting a more diverse group of people, is a great start, but it’s not enough. We need more ethnic and demographic diversity at the top of our organizations.” The Scheme, which launched in March, is an entry-level program designed to find people who may not have previously considered a career in publishing. PRH used Tumblr to find four new recruits who will join in September. Joanna Prior, MD of Penguin General and newly appointed President of the UK Publishers Association, agrees with Smart that gender is not the main issue. She notes that there are women in very senior positions across conglomerate publishing, and that in the independent sector, Jenny Todd has taken over at Canongate and Amanda Ridout is MD of Zeus.

“I worry about lots of things to do with diversity—the ethnic mix, the socio-economic make-up of our work force—but I do not worry about women getting senior roles.” According to Creative Skillset, the industry body that supports skills and training for people and businesses in the creative industries, the BAME (Black/Asian/Minority/Ethnic) percentage of the publishing workforce in England and Wales is only 4%, while the overall BAME percentage in those same countries is 14.1% (according to the 2011 census). In 2012 the BAME figure increased to 5%, still far lower than average for the wider UK working population. A 2013 London conference hosted by Equality in Publishing, a body established “to promote equality across UK publishing, bookselling and agenting,” discussed this issue. Caribbean-born publisher Verna Wilkins, who founded Tamarind Books (now part of Random House) to publish diverse books, said: “For me, you have to get to people very young and begin challenging stereotypes. I work a lot in schools. I have had people say to me ‘where is the publisher?’ when I have come to give a

talk. They’ve assumed I’m one of the cleaners. After all, how could I be a publisher? In one class, I put up a picture of Samantha Tross. She’s a black orthopedic surgeon, drop-dead gorgeous. I asked the class what job they thought the person did—and it was all hairdresser, model, singer.” Former Children’s Laureate Malorie Blackman has called for more diversity in children’s books. This lack of diversity may partly have its roots in the UK’s education system. Better off, middle-class families with lower BAME representation tend to choose selective (exam entry) or fee-paying high schools. These schools, selecting by high ability, produce the graduates of the future who may go into publishing without ever having had a black classmate, a Muslim classmate, or a refugee classmate struggling with English. And they might then tend to publish books about the world that they know, which tends to be a white mono-culture. This can lead to an unintentional class and racial apartheid in the UK which may be a contributing factor in the publishing industry’s lack of diversity. •

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WOMEN IN PUBLISHING

Rebecca Smart, Managing Director, Ebury

Leaning In— In Publishing company, Pearson. The latter’s Chief Executive, Marjorie Scardino, stepped down in 2013, with John Fallon from Pearson’s International Education Division taking over. Of the recent senior appointments at Orion in the UK, only one went to a woman—Kate Espiner, who joins from HarperCollins as Orion MD later this year—while the UK’s oldest bookseller, WHSmith, is now headed by a man after Kate Swann’s nine-year reign ended in 2013. Suddenly, it seems as if the industry has taken a step back.

Women rising to leadership roles in publishing is complicated by social history and individual factors, say publishing pros. Finding a positive professional balance is a worthwhile aim for the industry in the UK and elsewhere. By Roger Tagholm CONCERNS OVER CHILDCARE, the fact that most recruiting is done by men who hire in their own image, a lack of self-belief, and a hesitancy over “leaning-in,” to use Sheryl Sandberg’s now famous phrase (and her book, Lean In, is quoted by many), are among reasons cited by female editors and imprint heads in the UK for the lack of women taking the very top jobs. The issue of gender has been more at the forefront in UK publishing in recent months. Novelist Kamila Shamsie has called for 2018 to be a “year of publishing women.” She is urging publishers to pledge to only publish work by female writers in that year, and she talked about the “gender imbalance that exists in publishing, in terms of reviews, top positions in publishing houses, literary prizes, etc.” So how do UK publishers fare with regard to gender when it 24

comes to staffing and, in particular, senior positions? At first glance, it seems that the UK industry performs well. The workforce balance is certainly tipped in favor of women. At Penguin Random House (PRH), 64% of employees are women, and women lead many divisions and imprints across the industry. But concerns have been raised over gender balance in positions at the very top. Men lead three of the four major groups in the UK—PRH, Hachette, HarperCollins, and PanMacmillan—and although Gail Rebuck is Chair of PRH, this is a non-executive position. It is Chief Executive Tom Weldon and his deputy, Ian Hudson, who are running the company, albeit with a 50-50 male/female executive board. Observers point out that, up until two years ago, HarperCollins was run by a woman (Victoria Barnsley), as was PRH’s parent

PUBLISHING PERSPECTIVES / GLOBAL OVERVIEW 2015

WHERE WOMEN LEAD, THEY FOLLOW, TOO Others say it is simply cyclical, that, as one publisher put it, “the preponderance of women or men at the top probably goes in waves, and it happens there are lots of men at the moment.” Rebecca Smart, MD of Ebury doesn’t think that recent appointments suggest a crisis—rather they are more about “individual succession decisions.” But she adds: “I think it’s worth noting a recent study from Columbia University in New York City, which showed that ‘where women had been appointed chief executive, other women were more likely to make it into senior positions. But when a woman had been given a senior role that was not the top position, the likelihood of other women following them to executive level fell by 50%.’ We have to be mindful of this and ensure that the next succession decisions are made from a strong pool of candidates of both genders.” She continued: “At PRH, the UK executive board is 50-50 male/female, and five of the eight publishing divisions are headed by women. The same balance is true in the US. So within the company I work for, the environment is positive in this respect.” CHANGING ATTITUDES Speaking off the record, one senior female editor said: “Al-

though there has been a great deal of improvement in the last 30-odd years—for example, there are many more women in senior roles than when I started out—I think the reason women are still not in the very top jobs is down to largely unconscious sexism and deeply engrained attitudes, which aren’t exclusive to men. And I do believe women generally are, or at least were . . . conditioned to be less assertive. They are often less confident and perhaps don’t see themselves in top positions, or are more likely than men to be held back by thinking they don’t have the necessary skills or attributes. “Maybe many are less concerned with power, too. I expect there are plenty of women who don’t want to be CEOs. “I hope that the younger generation, with different attitudes and expectations, will gradually change matters. These things do take time to work their way through. But I also think we shouldn’t just leave matters to slowly changing social trends. Publishers need to recognize that there is an imbalance—just as it is accepted that publishing generally is too white and middle-class—and proactively address it . . . “Publishing is probably no worse than other professions, but I can think of few where the vast majority of the workforce are women, yet men dominate at the top and more women than men read fiction.” While stressing that the companies for which they work have got it right, viewing the industry as a whole, some still make more critical observations. “It has ever been the case that women get promoted to a level just below [the top],” said Carole Tonkinson, publisher of Pan Macmillan’s new Bluebird imprint. “But a lot of times the appointing is done by men, and men are unconsciously influenced to hire in their own image. It’s societal and historical.

WOMEN IN PUBLISHING

CHILDCARE AND MATERNITY “There is also the lack of equality around child care and maternity and paternity,” continues Tonkinson. “In Scandinavian countries this works much better, where people can equally share care. Right now, women who have kids pay the price for career breaks. If you have a female executive eligible for a top slot who is in childbearing years, and a male executive, the male has an advantage . . . Sandberg covers much of this ground, but in publishing, as opposed to tech or finance, it’s probably harder because the salaries are smaller so there is less help.” Pan Macmillan’s Digital and Communications Director Sara Lloyd agrees. “The weight of social history is not on our side, of course, and it takes more than telling people to change to make change happen. It has to happen from within, and that means both women and men changing their behavior and expectations. It’s a natural tendency for both men and women to recruit others in their own image. It takes real acuity and often requires coaching to learn to build a team around oneself that includes people with different approaches and perspectives. Perhaps because there are so many men in the top jobs doing the recruiting, this element of recruiting in one’s own image persists.” SELF-ESTEEM Lloyd has thought quite a bit about the tricky area of self-esteem: “I really believe in self-determination. It’s so easy for us to blame macho culture or suggest the system is not on our side, but we have to do more than just proving we’re capable ‘technically.’ We have to build our own and our female colleagues’ confidence, and we have to start standing up for ourselves, believing in ourselves. I hate generalizations, but so many women look at a high-level job spec and pick out the one or two areas where they don’t have the direct experience. When I talk to most men about how they approach the same situation, they focus on the bits they can do and feel that will be enough; they’ll work out the rest on the job or recruit suitable people around them to complement their own skills. “Of course there are exceptions to this, which is why generalizations aren’t entirely helpful, but talk to any headhunter and they’ll tell you the same story. What I’m

basically saying is that we have to find ways to build our self-belief, whether that be through coaching or mentoring or other approaches.” Tonkinson notes that much of Sandberg’s Lean In is filled with uncomfortable truths, “such as most people don’t like women in powerful positions” and that women need to learn to work with that. “I have acquired a brilliant book for the UK called Acting with Power by Deborah Gruenfeld, a Stanford University professor who addresses just that. We need to educate ourselves as women, not shrink back. We need to learn how to be visible. I think this is very alien to a lot of women . . . We have to do it, not for ourselves though, but to be role models and to help change the status quo.” Agent Clare Alexander at Aitken Alexander wonders whether the tendency to favor men for the very top positions isn’t a “peculiarly British phenomenon.” She points out that across the Atlantic, Carolyn Reidy is running Simon & Schuster, Sally Richardson is in charge at St. Martin’s Press, and three of the four PRH divisions are also run by women. “Could this actually be a peculiarly British phenomenon, like an obsession with class and drinking warm beer?” she asks. Judith Curr, president and publisher at Atria at S&S US, notes her country’s “substantial history of women heading up major publishers, notably Phyllis Grann [former CEO of Penguin Putnam], Jane Friedman [former president and CEO of HarperCollins worldwide], and our own Carolyn Reidy . . . As the industry contracts, the number of top spots are becoming fewer, thus more competitive. At the same time, women have now proven repeatedly that they can be successful in the top jobs, and that will only open the door to further consideration when those few spots do come open.” SURVEYING OTHER INDUSTRIES Outside of publishing, how does it look? The Times reported recently that only six of the 100 chief executives in the Financial Times Stock Exchange Index (FTSE) are women, and of the FTSE 250, there are only another ten female chief executives. However, HarperCollins’ Communications Director Fiona Allen, who has just been appointed to the publisher’s executive committee, notes that there are an “encouraging num-

Sarah Lloyd, Digital and Communications Director, Pan Macmillan

“It takes real acuity and often requires coaching to learn to build a team around oneself that includes people with different approaches and perspectives.” Sarah Lloyd

ber of female CIOs at FTSE 100 and Forbes companies,” and observes that their own CIO, Laura Meyer, is a case in point. “Laura does a great deal to mentor women in tech roles and to encourage younger women into the tech side of the business. At HarperCollins, we are working with two women’s mentor groups: SWIMM [Senior Women in Media Management] and WING [Women’s Industry Network Group].” Baroness Rebuck (the PRH Chair became a Labour peer in April 2014) used her maiden speech to the House of Lords last November to talk about the issue. “I have been proud of how my industry has led the way on gender diversity, promoting women to the top ranks at a time when the only way into the executive suite in many sectors would have been with a tray and biscuits,” she said. But she noted, “only last week, the World

Economic Forum report showed that the UK has slipped out of the top 20 countries for gender equality, dropping from 18th to 26th.” UK publishing arguably fares better in gender equality than other parts of society, though some feel improvements could still be made—and while nobody likes to talk about gender differences, Tonkinson couldn’t resist one, understandable swipe at a certain type of male. “The feminist in me doesn’t like to define skills wholly according to gender, but I do think women are socialized to work more collaboratively than men and they can be less adrenaline-based, which we’ve seen can be hugely dangerous. The banking crisis shows the perils of putting a lot of alpha males together with little gender balance—appropriate caution and responsibility to the greater whole can be sacrificed.” •

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WOMEN IN PUBLISHING

On Being a Woman in Publishing Does the number of female CEOs really measure the impact women have on the publishing business? By Erin L. Cox LAST SEPTEMBER, PUBLISHERS Weekly’s annual Salary Survey noted that while women held 70% of the sales and marketing, editorial, and operations jobs, only 51% held management positions. In the previous February, VIDA: Women in Literary Arts noted that female-penned book reviews rose to 40%. As we discuss the injustices done to women in publishing— through counting book review bylines, tallying author advances and review coverage, and scrutinizing the number of management positions—it is important to delve beyond the knee-jerk “women deserve equality” reaction and ask why we think we are set apart and, more importantly, if a score card can really quantify the impact and role women play in this industry. Professionally, I’ve never given much thought to the fact that I am a woman. Whether in publicity at Scribner or HarperCollins, handling the book advertising at The New Yorker, or in my current hybrid role of consultant/publicist/literary agent, my gender rarely comes into play. Perhaps it is due to how I was raised or because I’m not a mother, but more than anything, I think it has to do with the number of trailblazing women I had the great fortune to work with—particularly two of the most notable women in international publishing, Jane Friedman and Carolyn Reidy—and what little emphasis they placed on their own gender in the workplace. Prior to 1997, women held significant management roles in US publishing, from running departments and imprints to President and CEO—most notably Helen Meyer, President of Dell Publishing, and Phyllis Grann, President and CEO of Penguin Putnam—so why, when Jane Friedman became the first and only Global CEO of HarperCollins that year, did the spotlight on women in management positions began to shine a 26

PUBLISHING PERSPECTIVES / GLOBAL OVERVIEW 2015

little brighter? “I realized that other people took that title with a grain of salt. There is a reason and it has to be gender, but I never felt it,” said Friedman. Working for Anthony Schulte at Random House and Robert Gottlieb at Knopf, Friedman was given the freedom to grow and take over, ultimately leading to her role as CEO. “The traits of women are to be curious and decisive. We make decisions in a more definitive way—right or wrong—and, [women didn’t take on these positions] until the publishing world was ready.” I started in publishing at Scribner, an imprint of Simon & Schuster, in 1999, when Jane Friedman was already rooted in her role at HarperCollins and Carolyn Reidy was then President of the Adult Publishing Group at Simon & Schuster. My immediate boss and Publicity Director, Patricia Eisemann, as well as the Publisher, Susan Moldow, and Reidy were all women who showed me that this was just the first in a long line of jobs I could have if I worked hard.

“I realized that other people took [my title of CEO] with a grain of salt. There is a reason and it has to be gender, but I never felt it” Jane Friedman CEO, Open Road

WOMEN IN PUBLISHING

Carolyn Reidy (Photo by David Jacobs)

“I have never been aware of my gender because publishing has always had people who appreciate hard work and anyone who could just get the job done.”

I WAS HIRED for my first job in publishing by then VP, Publicity Director for Scribner, Patricia Eisemann. I attribute much of my success to Pat, not only for what she taught me about the job, but for reminding me every day what was really important. Today, Pat is the VP, Publicity Director for Henry Holt. I asked her to share some of her wisdom:

Carolyn Reidy, President & CEO, Simon & Schuster

“People appreciate intelligence,” said Reidy, now President and CEO of Simon & Schuster, Inc. “I have never been aware of my gender because publishing has always had people who appreciate hard work and anyone who could just get the job done.” Starting under Millie Marmur in the Random House subsidiary rights department, Reidy learned through Marmur’s incredible mentorship how to treat her own staff by including them in the decision-making process and helping them to better understand the industry. “You had to work really hard and know as much as possible, be over-competent.” I agree. I have worked for and with both men and women in my career, being challenged or sup-

Jane Friedman

Advice from my Mentor

On career success: Everyone’s job is to enable your boss to sleep at night and to keep him or her informed: No surprises in meetings or in the elevators. ported just as much as my male peers who have similar work styles. If you are engaged in the task and are clear about your interests and goals, you tend to do well. So, if publishing is gender-blind, why aren’t more women taking on these management jobs? Do women want to rise to the very top? “Of course they do, but that will mean different things to each woman—they may want to be the best CFO, Editor-in-Chief, the best Art Director” said Friedman. In her experience, Friedman doesn’t see becoming a CEO as a definitive goal for this next generation of women in publishing. Is that because the paths to those management roles are unclear? Friedman began in publicity and Reidy began in subrights. As Reidy noted, we all start in a function—editing, marketing, selling rights—which one would have to leave behind in order to rise to the role of CEO and see the business on a macro level. To become CEO, the path depends on the structure of the company and the steps that lead to that job. To say that I was on track to be CEO is self-aggrandizing, but I was raised for business and had my eye on being Publicity Director, then Publisher, then President, and on up. Never once did I feel like I did not have that opportunity because of my gender. To Friedman’s point, I realized along the way that I was unhappy focusing only on the business side of this creative industry and I had the ability to create a hybrid job for myself where I combined the two. In this entrepreneurial world of today’s pub-

lishing, I think more options like that exist, and women are writing their own ticket instead of following designed paths for traditional management roles. Currently, Carolyn Reidy is the only woman who holds the title of President and CEO among the major international publishing brands. And, while she is arguably the most powerful woman in publishing, that doesn’t mean that there aren’t quite a number of women in other top management positions, both in the US and around the world, who have significant impact. So, perhaps it isn’t that women weren’t getting those jobs as the media tends to suggest, perhaps women weren’t going for those jobs and now, with all of the attention paid to it, they feel a confidence they didn’t before. In 1997, when Friedman took the job at HarperCollins, CEO Magazine hosted a monthly luncheon where she was always the only woman. Her male peers would look at her and think, “Are you the girl or are you really running the company?” Now, as CEO of Open Road Integrated Media, in the tech and media space, Friedman sees a lot of female MBAs reaching the upper echelons. Like me, Carolyn and Jane were raised to think they could do anything. “Gender roles may exist, but not in your mind, not in your ability, not in what you can achieve,” said Reidy. The key, perhaps, is that we just don’t expect prejudice and leave gender out of the conversation. “Partially, if you have that expectation, you call it forth in other people.” •

On women leaders in publishing: The more the merrier! Seriously, publishing is a business where women shine . . . We can always use more women in CEO positions, not just in books. In terms of how well women lead their teams, as with men, there is always room for improvement. Managing people is a perennial category in book publishing. That’s because it is very difficult to lead people. Humans are wily! On work-life balance: I want people to work smart each day so they can close the door, go home, and become more interesting people in their real lives and not burned-out office workers . . . As a mother of two sons with a career outside the home, I remember when they were young and the anxiety I felt when I needed time away from the office for concerts, school meetings, and if they were ill. I support colleagues with children by telling them not to feel guilty that they need to leave for a fieldtrip or because of childcare issues. Your child is only young once. On getting to the top: Publishing is a great field. When you get your first job, look around. Are you really an editorial type who went into sales? Are you a publicist who should be in editorial? Figure out the fit and get into the right department . . . Just do great work and find your own “refresh” button so you can come back each day and do it again. • —Erin L. Cox

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RIGHTS & LICENSING

The Literary Agent as Ambassador UK literary agent Rachel Mills discusses the changing nature of agenting, managing the career of survivalist Bear Grylls, and the benefits of yoga. By Roger Tagholm IN THE 11 years that Rachel Mills of the London-based Peters, Fraser & Dunlop (PFD) agency has been working in foreign rights, she has seen a shift in the way authors perceive their international publishers. “It used to be that there were the UK or US rights and then everything else was subsidiary. That has changed now—authors are much more concerned about their international publishers and are much more connected to their international editors.” Mills, who was named Rights Professional of the Year in the award sponsored by the Frankfurt Book Fair at The Bookseller Industry Awards in May, is very keen on facilitating these connections and forging dialogue between her clients and their international publishers. “I encourage them to think that they have a family of editors and that they are part of a worldwide publishing community. I encourage them to be involved with their translations, and of course, all of this is much easier now because of globalization and the ease of communication. With one tweet, you can connect with publishers in 20 territories.” She notes, too, that sometimes authors are making more money in a foreign territory than they are at home. “We have a business author who sold 100,000 copies in Japan with a title that didn’t do so well at home. So authors are much more plugged in to the whole process now.” The Frankfurt Book Fair is key to this global community, she believes, with its size and the sheer number of people who attend, affording the opportunity for so many important chance meetings. “At those evening events and dinners you never know what you are going to hear about, and that is invaluable. Despite all the electronic media, you cannot beat face-toface contact.” Mills looks after some major 28

global clients such as the “survival” writer, Bear Grylls, and very much believes in thinking of her clients as brands that offer multiple possibilities across a variety of media, not just books. “Bear Grylls is one of our biggest international brands, and he is already published in 23 languages. But he also has TV shows, survival academies in the US, gyms in the UK, as well as his writing. At the moment, we’re working on a big event for him in Brazil next year. He is making the shift into fiction with his first novel, Ghost Flight, which we have sold in nine territories. We did a six-figure publishing deal with Record, but he’s never been published in Brazil before, so we’re working on a huge launch, coordinating with the Discovery Channel (which broadcasts his TV show), and with a public speaking bureau and a live events company. We want something very special so that everyone will know who Bear Grylls is.” Similarly, Mills and her team are working across media with the French crime writer Georges Simenon, introducing him to new audiences who are too young to remember the stylish, greenspined Penguin Crime books of the ‘60s and ‘70s. PFD owns the Simenon estate, and the author is now published in 50 languages. “We look at doing things like exhibitions of his letters or the jackets, and we work closely with his son, John Simenon. We signed a deal with Quaderns Crema in Barcelona two years ago, and John and I visited recently to discuss ongoing strategy with Quaderns and for John to meet the Spanish press.” Like many agents, Mills believes ebook royalties should be higher, pointing out the oddity of the sliding scales that exist in the print world—the more copies sold, the higher the royalty—and the flat rate that is seen for ebooks. “But it is changing. Sliding scales for eb-

PUBLISHING PERSPECTIVES / GLOBAL OVERVIEW 2015

ooks are coming in. I recently held a Dutch auction at which I said I would look favorably at the publisher who gave the best sliding scale for ebook royalties. It’s definitely a factor, and I think we’ll see more of it.” On this sensitive topic, she notes that, sometimes, authors— particularly of genre fiction—will ask why they should go with a traditional publisher when would receive higher royalties through self-publishing. “However, I would never underplay the advantages of working with a major publisher. Really, there isn’t one size that fits all. It’s all about what is right for that particular author or that particular book.” If the complexities of international deals in different formats across multiple media can become complicated, Mills has the perfect way to—quite literally sometimes— unwind. She is a passionate devotee of yoga and quite evangelical about its benefits for anyone working in the publishing industry. “I think yoga is particularly good for readers and writers. We’re all involved in a cerebral world, and we’re quite often hunched over as we sit at our screens. Yoga removes language—it frees you from words and makes you conscious of your body.” Another form of movement nearly claimed Mills, too, before she joined publishing. She studied dance for a year, but eventually opted to read English at University College London. After gradating, she went traveling in China, (where she is heading later this year, incidentally, to introduce Grylls to the Chinese market), and it was while in the country that a contact at Transworld—where she had worked part-time while at university—got in touch about a vacancy coming up at Ebury. Despite heavy jet lag, she secured the post the day after she returned from China. She stayed a

Rachel Mills

“ . . . authors are [now] much more concerned about their international publishers and are much more connected to their international editors.” Rachel Mills

year in the rights department before transferring to Penguin where she spent five years, and then making the move to PFD. Away from work, she is also studying to be a yoga teacher. She is a people person, and one of her clients told The Bookseller award judges, “Every author should be so lucky as to have the wonderful Rachel Mills handling their foreign rights…she is one of a kind.” She clearly loves her job and says of Frankfurt and the global publishing community: “I just love the idea that there are so many people who care about books.” •

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MANAGEMENT

On Managing Creative People in Publishing

“As long as [creative people] deliver results, being difficult is something to work with.” Gordon Torr

Creatives are challenging to manage “because it isn’t in their nature to conform.” By Mark Piesing “ARROGANT.” “OVERSENSITIVE.” “DISRUPTIVE.” It can be hard being viewed as a creative in a business world. It can feel like you are a turkey at a turkey shoot. View these characteristics in a different light and you will see why identifying and harnessing creative people’s original thinking, sensitivity, and desire to change the world is key to the success of many businesses in our digital world, particularly those in sales and marketing. Yet the fact there are more than 300 million entries on Google for “creative people” and another 49 million for “managing creative people” suggests that it isn’t a particularly easy thing to work out what creativity means, who is creative and who is not, and how you manage those who are. For many in marketing, being creative still refers to the artists, writers, and photographers involved in the creation of marketing materials, yet as marketing­—and who is involved in it—becomes a broader and more diffuse concept, being creative could be said to have become a set of fairly ambiguous characteristics that anybody could have, whatever their formal profession. These could be said to include an ability to have original thought, a willingness to take risks, and someone who is more 30

motivated by ideas and less motivated by money. “There is so much BS talked about creativity, and the end result is that there is nothing more politicized in an organization than who is creative and who isn’t,” says Gordon Torr, former global director of JWT advertising agency and author of Managing Creative People: Lessons for Leadership in the Ideas Economy, published by Wiley. For Torr, the difference between creatives and non-creatives is practically “black and white” because “you have to differentiate between people with craft skill and conceptual skill. You can read music, play it, but if you don’t have conceptual skills, you can’t play three original notes.” But the arrival of digital meant that this distinction got confused. “People with highly developed digital craft skills were highly valued, but all they could do was to produce great-looking sites that no one wanted to read. You needed the people with conceptual skills to make it interesting to read.” According to James Allen, former PR executive and founder of London-based creativity trainers Creative Huddle, “if you ask 100 people to write out a definition of creativity, you’ll get 100 different answers. It’s one of those things where you can say ‘I know it when

PUBLISHING PERSPECTIVES / GLOBAL OVERVIEW 2015

I see it’.” Allen, like Torr, thinks the concern about creative people and how to manage them is “the recognition that the future is going to be a lot more about creative knowledge. “So if you can be more creative, then you will get better-paid jobs than if you focus on easier, brainless work. For employers it is about being better than the competitors, and in certain industries, like sales and marketing, creativity is more important than in others.” Allen warns that you can’t manage creativity, but you can manage for it, and perhaps because of this many companies “just want to look creative,” with the pool table and the PlayStation, but are in fact only going through the motions. “Creatives need the right structure, as you can’t just be creative for seven hours,” says Allen. “And a lot of it has to be social—getting up from your desk and talking to other people—as well as autonomous. Allowing creative people to work where and when they like is most likely to produce more creative results. However, you do have to balance being creative with other traits like tenacity, so you don’t give in; or passion—the drive to learn and grow.” Like Allen, Dean Johnson, Senior Vice President of Creative In-

novation at Brandwidth Group and an award-winning app designer busy with apps for the new Apple Watch, believes that “a creative is someone willing (and able) to think beyond the obvious, take chances, and have the courage of their convictions.” And for Johnson the ability to manage creative people is particularly important in marketing, “as there is no longer a single discipline to hide behind—it is a collection of earned skills, from social and digital knowledge, design and production management to strategic interpretation.” A creative edge, he believes, comes from the ability to harness all the above and—as Torr says—“deliver outstanding results.” Creatives are challenging to manage “because it isn’t in their nature to conform. Combine this with a genuine passion for their craft and it’s no wonder they clash with those tasked with keeping them in line. As long as they deliver results, being difficult is something to work with. If they don’t, chances are they’re being mismanaged or they are not creative and are hiding behind a ‘creative front.’ A good manager should be able to discern between the two. “Creatives like to be managed by those that can create, rather than those that have merely learnt to manage. That said, for the relationship to work, and flourish, you need to build a team of people even more creative than yourself, with a greater spread of disciplines.” •

CAREER IN PUBLISHING

In the Future, Will We All Be Freelancers? As publishers look to cut overhead and acquire workers with up-to-date digital skills, outsourcing to freelancers is becoming more commonplace and convenient. By Laura Summers

UK-BASED BOOKMACHINE ORGANIZES publishing events, and as a result, we meet lots of people. Over the last couple of years we’ve seen an unmistakable trend in the growth of freelancing, want-tobe-freelancers, and curated networks of freelancers. A 2013 Tower Lane survey revealed that more than 60% of companies expected to hire more freelancers over the next year. It’s a rapidly growing trend, not only in the wider industry, but in publishing, too. The key driver of this growth is the effectiveness of the model for all parties involved. From an employer’s perspective, despite the stability, systems knowledge and efficiency savings offered by long-term workers, the benefits of hiring freelancers rather than expanding the employee base at a fixed cost are clear—particularly as more companies experiment with new, digital projects. Meanwhile, in-house employees who migrate over to freelance work often report a number of advantages. There’s no more clock-watching, no more killing time until 5 p.m. The freelancer works on their own schedule—if they must finish at 3.30 p.m. to pick up the kids from school, they can do so without worry of judgment from colleagues. Hard-working freelancers can earn substantially more than their in-house counterparts, if they are prepared to work long hours and take on multiple assignments. In light of this trend, and looking towards 2020 and beyond, it’s worth us asking: will we all be freelancers? GENERATIONAL TRENDS Baby Boomers (born 1946–64) do not have a typical freelancer profile. With a high value on time in the office and an often critical view towards remote working, it’s only as Baby Boomers start to retire that there could be a move towards a freelance mindset. The

fact that some Baby Boomers were impacted by the fall of the dot-com marketplace and need to work longer than planned could add further to this trend. According to those surveyed recently by the American Association of Re-

a different skill set to previous generations. Having grown accustomed to fast broadband speeds and instant updates, whilst attracting personal attention and branding from social media, they expect a similar immediacy at

tired Persons (AARP), many plan to work at least part-time in retirement. This might mean moving into freelance positions. Generation X (born 1965–79), in response to watching their parents work so hard, decided to adopt a work-hard/play-hard attitude, taking more advantage of their free time. Compared with the previous generation, they tend to have a disdain for both authority and structured work hours. This is evidence in itself that that a freelance working life might suit this demographic. Millennials (born 1979–97) have

work. Instant promotions and fast response times are typically required to keep Millennials happy, which is why they are perceived to be the hardest workforce to manage. Again, good contenders for freelance life. Not much is known yet about Generation Z (born 1998+). They will have grown up with social networks, which will mean they share some character traits with Millennials. Online collaboration will come naturally to them, and they will tend to be entrepreneurial due to all the business tools available to them.

FINDING FREELANCERS In the UK we have seen curated freelance networks expanding both for trade and academic publishers. Whitefox offers publishers repeat services such as editorial, typesetting, and copywriting, which, in addition to helping them scale up quickly, is great for firefighting. As a quality publishing service, Whitefox help their ever growing list of freelancers to find work, and their clients obtain variable costs per project, based on the different services available. Just Content, founded by Melody Dawes, have only been running for 18 months and specialize in outsourcing projects for academic publishers. A core team of ten freelancers work on most projects, and this inner group expands as needed to take on larger projects. There are around ten publishers using Just Content at the moment for consultancy, a variety of key editorial processes, and full publishing packaging services, too. As with Whitefox, they offer a service for their team that includes negotiating fees and validating their briefs, something that can be quite daunting for newbies on the freelancing scene. In addition to these curated networks, our own BookMachine Connect is a way for freelancers to showcase their skills. Users with peer recommendations and large portfolios are ranked higher on the website, giving publishers a pool of quality talent to access as and when they are needed. As Millennials and Generation Z grow up in a world where the on-demand economy fills their every need, where companies such as Handy do their cleaning, Washio do their washing, and Uber show up with instant taxis, will the nature of the publishing workforce respond with on-demand needs and requirements of a flexible agile workforce? As companies expand and retract in response to new trends in the market, perhaps this is a sensible way to go. And no, we won’t all be freelancers—but as learning new skills and the ability to work anywhere and at anytime becomes more and more commonplace, will the industry adapt to take advantage? •

PUBLISHING PERSPECTIVES / GLOBAL OVERVIEW 2015

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