Chapter 11 Section 2: Imperialism Case Study of Nigeria (345-350) Paternalism—policy of treating subject people as if they were children, providing their needs but not their rights Assimilation—a policy in which a nation forces or encourages a subject people to adopt its institutions and customs Menelik II—Emperor of Ethiopia who played various European powers against each other and successfully resisted imperialism European nations used various forms of colonial control How did the British control Nigeria and other British colonies?
Indirectly by allowing existing rulers to govern under British authority and local chiefs to manage daily affairs
What method of management did the French use with their colonies?
Direct control through policies of paternalism and assimilation
African societies tried to resist European attempts colonization How did Algeria’s resistance to French rule differ from East African resistance to German rule?
Algeria used active resistance but East Africans used a spiritual (religious) defense that included a belief that magic would protect them
Why was Ethiopia able to successfully resist European rule?
Emperor Menelik II took advantage of European rivalries to create a supply of weapons. He declared war and defeated the Italians.
European colonial rule greatly transformed African society Colonialism reduced local warfare and How did Africans sometimes it improved education, benefit from Colonial sanitation, health, transportation and rule? communication for Africans. African products became valued on world markets Death from European diseases and What were negative weapons used against them in fighting; consequences of loss of property and political power, colonial rule in famine, altered lifestyle, ethic wars Africa? On the back of this page, answer questions 4-6 found on page 350.
On the back of this page, create a timeline of resistance movements from the map on page 349. 4. Why were African resistance movements generally unsuccessful? European armies had superior weapons. 5. How did colonial rule cause a breakdown in traditional African culture? Traditional authority was replaced, men were forced to leave their villages to find work, and society was undermined by contempt for traditional culture. 6. Do you think Europeans could have conquered Africa if the Industrial Revolution had never occurred? Explain your answer. No—technology provided access to the interior, rapid communication, superior weapons,; these advancements and treatment of malaria enabled Europeans to defeat all other armies. Also, Europe would not have needed more raw materials if there were no factories to make products.
Time line of African resistance movements from map (349) Algerian Berbers and Arabs Arabi Pasha Mahdist State Menelik II Mandingo Mashona Ndebele Menalamba Rabih Asante Hereri and San Maji-Maji
1830-1884 1881-1882 1881-1898 1893-1896 1884-1898 1896 1896 1898-1904 1897-1900 1900 1904-1906 1905-1906
Why might resistance movements be so near in time or overlap? One movement could inspire others. Trade routes among territories could spread word of resistance.